The vehicle will generate an amount of current while the electric vehicle just starting to regeneratively brake. In order to avoid the impact of high current on the traction battery, a novel electrohydraulic hybrid electric vehicle has been proposed. The main power source is supplied by the electric drive system, and the hydraulic system performs the auxiliary drive system that fully exerts the advantages of the electric drive system and the hydraulic drive system. A proper regenerative braking control strategy is presented, and the control parameters are determined by the fuzzy optimization algorithm. The simulation analysis built the model through the united simulation of AMESim and MATLAB/Simulink. The results illustrated that the optimized control strategy can reduce battery consumption by 1.22% under NEDC-operating conditions.
To improve the energy recovery rate and increase the driving range of load-isolated electric buses, a composite brake control strategy based on fuzzy logic optimization is proposed. Considering the influence of the battery SOC value and the braking intensity on the braking ratio, a fuzzy controller is designed for small and medium braking strengths to optimize the control strategy. The vehicle simulation model of the load-isolated electric bus was built with the AVL CRUISE software platform. The AVL CRUISE-Simulink cosimulation was carried out under the original control strategy and the optimized control strategy. The simulation results show that, under the premise of ensuring the stability of braking, the driving range of the vehicle with the optimized control strategy is increased by 7.74% and the energy recovery rate is increased by 11.05%.
The arrangement of downward flowing evaporation heating surface in the furnace can effectively reduce the height of the furnace in the ultrasupercritical circulating fluidized bed boiler. According to the structural parameters of 660 MW ultrasupercritical circulating fluidized bed boiler, the scaled experimental system was established on the basis of the similarity criterion. The distribution of the gas-liquid two-phase flow in the parallel branch pipes of the downward and the upward water-cooled wing-wall was studied under the rated loads of 25%, 50%, and 70% THA. The void fraction distribution, flow distribution of each phase, and dryness distribution in each branch pipe of the downcomers and the risers of the water-cooled wing-wall were measured via the quick-closing valve method and the split-phase measurement method. In the downward water-cooled wingwall, both the nonuniform coefficient of void fraction and dryness in each branch pipe decreased with the increase in dryness in the inlet header. Under the same average dryness, the nonuniform coefficient of the void fraction increased with the increase in load. In the upward water-cooled wing-wall, under the same load, the uniformity of flow distribution was improved as the dryness increases. Under the same dryness condition, as the boiler load increases, the deviation coefficient of each phase distribution between the parallel pipes increased and the unevenness increased. In the study of flow and heat transfer characteristics of two-phase flow, the void fraction α is a very important intermediate calculation parameter. The correlation formula of the cross-sectional void fraction in the downward water-cooled wing-wall was fitted, and the calculation result was better compared with drift-flux model, with an error of −6% to 6%.
Two new species of the spider genus Wanniyala Huber & Benjamin, 2005 are described from Sri Lanka: W. badulla sp. nov. (Uva Province; male and female) and W. batatota sp. nov. (Sabaragamuwa Province; male and female). In addition, new records of W. mudita Huber, 2019 (Western Province; male) and W. viharekele Huber, 2019 (Southern Province; male and female) are provided.
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