In order to improve efficiency of electric drive system and dynamic performance of electric vehicle (EV) driven by permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM), a novel direct torque control (DTC) strategy in EV drive is proposed. Based on operating mode of PMSM, different space voltage vectors are chosen to acquire both quick dynamic torque response of PMSM and reduced switching loss of inverter. An optimization control method about stator flux linkage is presented to improve system efficiency. Simulation and experiment results prove the proposed strategy.
Six-step commutation control widely used in brushless DC (BLDC) motor can be applied to consequent pole permanent magnet (CPPM) belt starter generator (BSG) with trapezoidal back electromotive force (EMF) in the starter state. However, rotor position detection with three Hall sensors in BLDC motor can hardly be employed in CPPM BSG due to asymmetric flux distribution in each pole side of CPPM BSG. This paper presents a low-cost rotor position detection method for CPPM BSG in which six Hall sensors are proposed to be used based on the analysis of flux distribution by 3D FEA. In the method, the six Hall sensors are divided into three groups and two signals in each group are combined through performing logic operations. In addition, offset angle between back EMF and the related Hall signal can be compensated by moving the Hall sensors. Experiments of a 2 kW CPPM BSG prototype have also been performed to verify the proposed method.
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