The differentially expressed in adenocarcinoma of the lung-1 (DAL-1) protein has been demonstrated to be suppressive to various types of tumors including lung cancer. This study aimed to determine the targeted effects of human amniotic fluid stem cells (hAFS cells) carrying CXCR4 promoter driven conditionally replicable adenovirus vector overexpressing DAL-1 (Ad-CXCR4-DAL-1) on non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) growth. The apoptotic effects of virus vectors were assessed using flow cytometry, and the cytotoxicity analyzed by CCK-8 assay. In vivo imaging system was used to determine the homing capability of hAFS cells. A549 cell xenograft mouse model was created to assess the in vivo effect of DAL-1 overexpression on NSCLC growth. We found that infection of Ad-CXCR4-DAL-1 increased the apoptosis of A549 NSCLC cells but not 16HBE normal human bronchial epithelial cells. Ad-CXCR4-DAL-1 administered via intratumoral injection led to significant reduced growth and greater necrosis of A549 xenograft tumors comparing to null vector treated animals. When infused via tail vein, hAFS cells carrying Ad-CXCR4-DAL-1 homed to lung cancer xenografts, caused virus replication and DAL-1 overexpression, and led to significant lower growth and greater necrosis of A549 cell xenografts comparing to non-treatment control. In conclusion, hAFS cells are capable of carrying Ad-CXCR4-DAL-1 vectors, specifically targeting to lung cancer, and causing oncolytic effects when administered in vivo.
Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is a heterogeneous congenital disorder that affects the enteric nervous system, while neuroblastoma is an embryonal tumor of the sympathetic nervous system. Familial cases of both HSCR and neuroblastoma appear to be functionally linked to PHOX2B , which plays a key role in the development of neural crest derivatives. However, the association between common PHOX2B variants and disease risk is contested. Additionally, large-scale examination for pleiotropy or shared genetic susceptibility in sporadic HSCR and neuroblastoma cases lacks theoretical support. Here, we report the first examination of PHOX2B in 1470 HSCR and 469 neuroblastoma patients with matched healthy controls. The PHOX2B rs28647582 polymorphism was found to be associated with HSCR (P = 2.21E-03, OR = 1.26), and each subtype of the ailment (3.22E-03 ≤ P ≤ 0.43, 1.11 ≤ OR ≤ 2.32). The association between rs28647582 and NB risk was consistent with HSCR in a recessive model, though the P value was marginal (P = 0.06). These new genetic findings indicate the potential pleiotropic effects of PHOX2B in both HSCR and neuroblastoma, which could guide the development of therapeutic targets for the treatment of related neurodevelopmental disorders.
Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is a genetic disorder characterized by the absence of neural crest cells in parts of the intestine. This study aims to investigate the association of vesicle-associated membrane protein 5 (VAMP5) and mutated in colorectal cancer (MCC) genetic polymorphisms and their correlated risks with HSCR. We examined the association in four polymorphisms (rs10206961, rs1254900 and rs14242 in VAMP5, rs11241200 in MCC) and HSCR susceptibility in a Southern Chinese population composed of 1473 cases and 1469 controls. Two variants in VAMP5 were replicated as associated with HSCR. Interestingly, we clarified SNPs rs10206961 and rs1254900 in VAMP5 are more essential for patients with long-segment aganglionosis (LHSCR). Relatively high expression correlation was observed between VAMP5 and MCC using data from public database showing there may exist potential genetic interactions. SNP interaction was cross-examined by logistic regression and multifactor dimensionality reduction analysis revealing that VAMP5 rs1254900 and MCC rs11241200 were interacting significantly, thereby contributing to the risk of HSCR. The results suggest that significant associations of the rs10206961 and rs14242 in VAMP5 with an increased risk of HSCR in Southern Chinese, especially in LHSCR patients. This study provided new evidence of epistatic association of VAMP5 and MCC with increased risk of HSCR.
Biliary atresia (BA) is a multifactorial pathogenic disease with possible genetic components. As a member of membrane skeletal proteins in the liver and bile ducts, a haplotype composed by five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on adducin 3 (ADD3) has been identified as associated with BA. However, limited study was designed to further elaborate the mutual relationship amongst those replicated SNPs to disease. We selected three susceptibility SNPs in ADD3 and conducted a replication study using 510 BA cases and 1473 controls to evaluate the individual function of the SNPs and further stratified the potential roles with disease and its subclinical features. Two SNPs in ADD3 were replicated as associated with BA (1.60E-04 ≤ P≤1.70E-04, 1.33 ≤ odds ratio (OR) ≤ 1.58 for rs17095355, 2.10E-04 ≤ P≤5.30E-04, 1.26 ≤ OR ≤ 1.57 for rs2501577). Though we failed to replicate the individual association of rs10509906 to disease, the intragenic epistatic effect between rs10509906 and rs2501577 was suggested as exhibiting susceptibility to BA, further cross-validated by multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR) (P=0.068, OR = 1.37), which may explain extra hidden heritability of ADD3 to BA. Furthermore, through subclinical stratification, we also observed the association of risk to disease mainly came from the female patients.
Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is a genetic disorder characterized by the absence of enteric ganglia. There are more than 15 genes identified as contributed to HSCR by family‐based or population‐based approaches. However, these findings were not fulfilled to explain the heritability of most sporadic cases. In this study, using 1470 HSCR and 1473 control subjects in South Chinese population, we replicated two variants in NRG1 (rs16879552, P = 1.05E‐04 and rs7835688, P = 1.19E‐07), and further clarified the two replicated SNPs were more essential for patients with short‐segment aganglionosis (SHSCR) (P = 2.37E‐05). We also tried to replicate the most prominent signal (rs7785360) in AUTS2, which was a potential susceptibility gene with HSCR. In our results, in terms of individual association, marginal effect was observed to affect the HSCR patients following recessive model (P = 0.089). Noteworthy, significant intergenic synergistic effect between rs16879552 (NRG1) and rs7785360 (AUTS2) was identified through cross‐validation by logistic regression (P = 2.45E‐03, OR = 1.53) and multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR, P < 0.0001, OR = 1.77). Significant correlation was observed between expression of these two genes in the normal segments of the colons (P = 0.018), together with differential expression of these genes between aganglionic colonic segments and normal colonic segments of the HSCR patients (P value for AUTS2 <0.0001, P value for NRG1 = 0.0243). Although functional evaluation is required, we supply new evidence for the NRG1 to HSCR and raised up a new susceptibility gene AUTS2 to a specific symptom for the disease.
Hirschsprung’s disease (HSCR) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by the absence of nerves in intestine with strong genetic components. SLC6A20 was found to be associated with HSCR in Korean population waiting for replication in an independent cohort. In the present study, ten single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the SLC6A20 were selected from Southern Chinese with 1470 HSCR cases and 1473 ethnically matched healthy controls. Our results indicated that SNP rs7640009 was associated with HSCR and SLC6A20 has a gene–dose effect in the extent of the aganglionic segment during enteric nervous system (ENS) development. It is the first time to reveal the relationship between SNP rs2191026 and HSCR-associated enterocolitis (HAEC) susceptibility.
Biliary atresia (BA) is the most common cause of endstage liver disease in infants with poor prognosis and high mortality. The etiology of BA is still unknown, but the genetic factors have been considered as an important player in BA. We investigated the association of two cis-regulated variants in CD14 (rs2569190) and NOTCH2 (rs835576) with BA susceptibility, using the largest case-control cohort, totaling 506 BA patients and 1,473 healthy controls in a Southern Chinese population. Significant epistatic interaction between the two variants in our samples was observed (p = 8.1E−03; OR = 2.78; 95% CI: 1.32–5.88). The expression of CD14 and NOTCH2 in the BA group was consistently lower than that in the control (CC) group (0.31 ± 0.02 versus 1.00 ± 0.14; p < 0.001), which might be related to the genetic susceptibility of the genes awaiting further validation.
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.
334 Leonard St
Brooklyn, NY 11211
Copyright © 2023 scite Inc. All rights reserved.
Made with 💙 for researchers