Our results demonstrated decreased overall resting-state functional connectivity of the 3 major intrinsic brain networks in women with CM, and these patterns were associated with frequency of moderate to severe headache and cutaneous allodynia.
ObjectiveMigraine with visual aura is associated with cardioembolic stroke risk. The aim of this study was to test association between migraine with visual aura and atrial fibrillation (AF), in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study.MethodsIn the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study, a longitudinal, community-based cohort study, participants were interviewed for migraine history in 1993–1995 and were followed for incident AF through 2013. AF was adjudicated using ECGs, discharge codes, and death certificates. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were used to study the relation between migraine and its subtypes with incident AF, compared with controls without headaches. Mediation analysis was conducted to test whether AF was a mediator of migraine with visual aura-associated stroke risk.ResultsOf 11,939 participants assessed for headache and without prior AF or stroke, 426 reported migraines with visual aura, 1,090 migraine without visual aura, 1,018 nonmigraine headache, and 9,405 no headache. Over a 20-year follow-up period, incident AF was noted in 232 (15%) of 1,516 with migraine and 1,623 (17%) of 9,405 without headache. After adjustment for multiple confounders, migraine with visual aura was associated with increased risk of AF compared to no headache (hazard ratio 1.30, 95% confidence interval 1.03–1.62) as well as when compared to migraine without visual aura (hazard ratio 1.39, 95% confidence interval 1.05–1.83). The data suggest that AF may be a potential mediator of migraine with visual aura–stroke risk.ConclusionsMigraine with aura was associated with increased risk of incident AF. This may potentially lead to ischemic strokes.
Objective: To investigate the association among migraine, ischemic stroke, and stroke subtypes in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study.Methods: In this ongoing, prospective, longitudinal community-based cohort study, participants were given an interview ascertaining migraine history in 1993-1995, and were followed for all vascular events, including stroke. All stroke events over the subsequent 20 years were adjudicated and classified into stroke subtypes by standard definitions. Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for stroke risk factors were used to study the relationship between migraine and ischemic stroke, overall, as well as stroke subtypes (cardioembolic, lacunar, or thrombotic).Results: We identified 1,622 migraineurs among 12,758 participants. Mean age of the study population at the 3rd clinical visit was 59 years. When compared to nonheadache participants, there was a significant association between migraine with visual aura and ischemic stroke (hazard ratio [HR] 1.7, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2-2.6, p 5 0.008). Migraine without visual aura was not significantly associated with ischemic stroke (HR 1.2, CI 1.0-1.8, p 5 0.28) when compared to nonheadache participants. Among the 3 subtypes of ischemic stroke evaluated, migraine with visual aura was significantly associated only with cardioembolic stroke (HR 3.7, 95% CI 1.6-8.7, p 5 0.003). Conclusion:In participants with migraine with visual aura in late middle age, increased risk of cardioembolic stroke was observed. Migraine with visual aura was linked to increased stroke risk, while migraine without visual aura was not, over the period of 20 years. These results are specific to older migraineurs. Neurology ® 2016;87:2527-2532 GLOSSARY ARIC 5 Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities; BMI 5 body mass index; CGRP 5 calcitonin gene-related peptide; CI 5 confidence interval; HR 5 hazard ratio; ICHD 5 International Classification of Headache Disorders; LDL 5 low-density lipoprotein; NSAID 5 nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; PFO 5 patent foramen ovale; WHS 5 Women's Health Study.
Objective To investigate the intranetwork resting state fMRI connectivity within the Salience Network of chronic migraine with and without medication overuse headache. Methods We compared 351 pairs of intranetwork connectivity in chronic migraine (n = 13) and chronic migraine with medication overuse headache (n = 16) compared to matched controls, and between each chronic migraine subgroup. Results Compared to controls, 17 pairs of intranetwork connections in chronic migraine and 27 pairs in chronic migraine with medication overuse headache were decreased. When comparing chronic migraine with medication overuse headache versus chronic migraine, connectivity between bilateral extended amygdala, and between paracingulate to right ventral tegmental area/substantia nigra were decreased in chronic migraine (chronic migraine < chronic migraine with medication overuse headache). Connectivity between left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex to bilateral ventral striatum/pallidum, to bilateral dorsal anterior cingulate cortex; left anterior prefrontal cortex to contralateral orbitofrontal insula; and left ventral striatum/pallidum to ipsilateral supplementary motor area (SMA)/preSMA were decreased in chronic migraine with medication overuse headache (chronic migraine with medication overuse headache < chronic migraine). Conclusion Both chronic migraine subgroups had shared intranetwork connectivity abnormality, however, each subgroup had unique pattern of disruption within the salience network. The results suggest that the aberrant assignment of salience to external and internal stimuli plays an important role in chronic migraine and chronic migraine with medication overuse headache interictally, mostly involving mesolimbic pathways (especially bilateral extended amygdala) in chronic migraine, and prefrontal-subcortical limbic pathways in chronic migraine with medication overuse headache.
Two limonoids were isolated from the methanol extract of Khaya senegalensis (Meliaceae), and their structures were identified as 3alpha,7alpha-dideacetylkhivorin (1) and 1-O-acetylkhayanolide B (2) on the basis of MS and NMR spectral data. Complete assignments of (1)H and (13)C chemical shifts for compounds 1 and 2 were achieved by means of 1D and 2D NMR including DEPT, (1)H-(1)H COSY, HMQC, HMBC experiments. Compound 1 showed significant growth inhibitory activities against MCF-7, SiHa and Caco-2 cells with IC(50) values in the range of 0.07-0.14 microm (35-69 ppm) while compound 2 did not.
Background: The neural mechanisms of chronic migraine remain largely unknown but linked to the decreased connectivity to intrinsic brain networks. Objective: To characterize the intranetwork functional connectivity within the Central Executive Network (CEN) and Default Mode Network (DMN) in chronic migraine (CM), with and without medication overuse headache (MOH). Methods: Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we performed post-hoc analysis of a total of 136 pairs of nodes to node functional connectivity (NTNC) within the CEN and 6 pairs of NTNC within the DMN in CM (n=13) and CMMOH (n=16) as compared to controls, and between these two subgroups. Results: Connectivity between right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (PFC) to contralateral anterior thalamus and connectivity between left dorsal PFC/frontal eye field (FEF) to dorsomedial PFC were decreased within the CEN in both CM and CMMOH subgroups. In the CEN, there was more widespread disruption in the CMMOH (n=16) versus CM (n=13), when compared to healthy controls. Within the subgroups, connectivity between right inferior frontal gyrus to left dorsolateral PFC was decreased in CMMOH compared to CM. In the DMN, only one NTNC (left lateral parietal to precuneus/PCC) was disrupted in the CMMOH group when compared to controls. Conclusion: There are similar patterns of NTNC dysfunction within CEN in CM regardless of MOH status. We observed more extensive intranetwork disruption in CMMOH than CM. The decreased coherence between the right inferior frontal gyrus and the left dorsolateral PFC in CMMOH is likely associated with a significant disruption in the inhibitory control and a maladaptive response in risk aversion and reward; whereas the decreased coherence between right dorsolateral and ventrolateral PFC to contralateral dorsal PFC/FEF may be related to lack of cognitive control and top-down regulation of pain in both CM and CMMOH.
In this longitudinal fMRI study, we observed improved functional connectivity within both networks, primarily involving connectivity between regions of the prefrontal cortex and limbic (cortical-limbic) structures, and between different cortical (cortical-cortical) regions after a series of repetitive SPG blockades. The overall CEN strength was also improved. Our results suggest that recurrent parasympathetic inhibition via SPG is associated with improved functional connectivity in brain regions critical to pain processing in CM .
Background and Purpose To evaluate the association between cumulative exposure to migraine and incidence of ischemic stroke in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. Methods In this ongoing, prospective longitudinal community‐based cohort, participants were interviewed to ascertain migraine history at the third visit (1993–1995), followed for ischemic stroke incidence over 20 years. We performed a post hoc analysis to evaluate the association between the age of migraine onset and ischemic stroke. Results We identified 447 migraineurs with aura (MA) and 1128 migraineurs without aura (MO) among 11,592 black and white participants. There was an association between the age of MA onset ≥50 years old (average duration = 4.75 years) and ischemic stroke when compared to no headache group (multivariable adjusted HR = 2.17, 95% CI [1.39–3.39], P < .001). MA onset <50 years old (average duration = 28.17 years) was not associated with stroke (multivariable adjusted HR = 1.31, 95% CI [0.86–2.02], P = .212). These results were consistent with our logistic regression model. MO was not associated with increased stroke regardless of the age of onset. The absolute risk for stroke in migraine with aura is 37/447 (8.27%) and migraine without aura is 48/1128 (4.25%). Conclusion As compared to the no headache participants, increased stroke risk in late life was observed in participants with late onset of MA. In this cohort, longer cumulative exposure to migraine with visual aura, as would be expected with early onset of migraine, was not associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke in late life. This study underscores the importance of the age of onset of MA in assessing stroke risk in older migraineurs.
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.
334 Leonard St
Brooklyn, NY 11211
Copyright © 2023 scite Inc. All rights reserved.
Made with 💙 for researchers