A class of second order approximations, called the weighted and shifted Grünwald difference (WSGD) operators, are proposed for Riemann-Liouville fractional derivatives, with their effective applications to numerically solving space fractional diffusion equations in one and two dimensions. The stability and convergence of our difference schemes for space fractional diffusion equations with constant coefficients in one and two dimensions are theoretically established. Several numerical examples are implemented to test the efficiency of the numerical schemes and confirm the convergence order, and the numerical results for variable coefficients problem are also presented.
Based on the weighted and shifted Grünwald difference (WSGD) operators , we further construct the compact finite difference discretizations for the fractional operators. Then the discretization schemes are used to approximate the one and two dimensional space fractional diffusion equations. The detailed numerical stability and error analysis are theoretically performed. We theoretically prove and numerically verify that the provided numerical schemes have the convergent orders 3 in space and 2 in time.
For characterizing the Brownian motion in a bounded domain: Ω, it is well-known that the boundary conditions of the classical diffusion equation just rely on the given information of the solution along the boundary of a domain; on the contrary, for the Lévy flights or tempered Lévy flights in a bounded domain, it involves the information of a solution in the complementary set of Ω, i.e., R n \Ω, with the potential reason that paths of the corresponding stochastic process are discontinuous. Guided by probability intuitions and the stochastic perspectives of anomalous diffusion, we show the reasonable ways, ensuring the clear physical meaning and well-posedness of the partial differential equations (PDEs), of specifying 'boundary' conditions for space fractional PDEs modeling the anomalous diffusion. Some properties of the operators are discussed, and the well-posednesses of the PDEs with generalized boundary conditions are proved.
In this paper, we devote ourselves to the research of numerical methods for American option pricing problems under the Black-Scholes model. The optimal exercise boundary which satisfies a nonlinear Volterra integral equation is resolved by a high-order collocation method based on graded meshes. For the other spatial domain boundary, an artificial boundary condition is applied to the pricing problem for the effective truncation of the semi-infinite domain. Then, the front-fixing and stretching transformations are employed to change the truncated problem in an irregular domain into a one-dimensional parabolic problem in [−1,1]. The Chebyshev spectral method coupled with fourth-order Runge-Kutta method is proposed for the resulting parabolic problem related to the options. The stability of the semi-discrete numerical method is established for the parabolic problem transformed from the original model. Numerical experiments are conducted to verify the performance of the proposed methods and compare them with some existing methods.
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.