Facial exercise therapy is effective for facial palsy for the outcome functionality.
The quail raising in Brazil has increased through the last years and the incubation procedures are important to maintenance and improvement of quail egg production. To obtain a sufficient number of eggs to fill an incubator, eggs are usually accumulated in storage over a period from 1 day up to 3 weeks before incubation. The objective of this research was to verify the effect of egg storage on hatchability and egg weight loss for two lineages of Japanese quails. Sixty four Japanese quails were divided in two groups: G1 (n=32) for meat production and G2 (n=32) for egg production. They were used for serial egg collections that were performed every day, during 15 consecutively days, totaling 600 eggs. After collection they were placed in refrigerated room (20°C and 60% of relative humidity) and submitted to different periods of storage, from 0 day until 14 days, according to their collection day. The incubation occurred at 37.6°C and 60% RH. The weight measurements were done during storage, incubation and hatching. The results showed that for Meat type and Egg type quails, the egg hatchability was around 84% until 10 days of storage, and then this rate decreased significantly. Both types of quail eggs presented similar weight loss during storage and incubation. The research showed that quail eggs present great hatchability until 10 days of storage and that eggs submitted to storage present a reduced weight loss during incubation
The objective of this research was to isolate and to verify the sensitivity to antimicrobial agents of strains of Salmonella sp. isolated from poultry products in the state of Ceara, Brazil. A total number of 114 samples was collected from 63 broiler carcasses derived from two processing plants and two supermarkets, and 51 excreta samples were collected in broiler farms located in the state of Ceara, which used three live production stages. Each excreta sample consisted of a fresh excreta pool from 100 birds. Samples were submitted to microbiological analyses, and the isolated Salmonella strains were tested for antimicrobial sensitivity. No Salmonella was isolated from excreta samples, while broiler carcass samples showed a high contamination rate of11.8%. Three serotypes were identified: Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis, 50%; Salmonella enterica serovar Panama 33%, and Salmonella enterica serovar Newport, 17%. As to the susceptibility tests to antimicrobial agents, 100% of the isolated Salmonella strains showed resistance to Ampicillin and Tetracycline, and sensitivity to Gentamycin, Netilmycin, Carbenicillin, Chloramphenicol.
Salmonella Gallinarum is the agent of fowl typhoid in poultry and infects mainly adult galliforms, causing significant economic losses in poultry production. Because quails are susceptible to this disease and quail production is becoming increasingly important in Brazil, this study was carried out to evaluate the virulence of Salmonella Gallinarum strain to quails. The inoculum was prepared from S. Gallinarum strain resistant to nalidixic acid. Forty eight 16-week-old Japanese quails were randomly distributed in three groups. Before the experiment, cloacal swabs were collected from all birds in order to confirm they were free from Salmonella spp. Cloacal swabs and fecal samples were collected on days 03, 06, 09, 12, and 15 post-inoculation. Birds that died during the experiment were submitted to post-mortem examination, and had their organs aseptically collected for bacteriological examination. All eggs produced during the experiment were also examined. The mortality rate recorded during the experiment was 43.75% (21/48). S. Gallinarum was recovered from the organs of the birds that naturally died during the experiment, but the agent was not isolated from the organs of sacrificed birds. No egg sample was positive for Salmonella Gallinarum. It was concluded that S. Gallinarum may be recovered from the organs of experimentally-infected Japanese quails.
RESUMO.-[Identificação e resistência antimicrobiana de membros da família Enterobacteriaceae isolados de canários (Serinus canaria).]A família Enterobacteriaceae possui bactérias com potencial zoonótico e a presença destas bactérias em canários é relatada na literatura, porém a realidade dos plantéis de criadores de canários é desconhecida. Portanto, este trabalho teve como objetivo isolar enterobactérias de canários belga (Serinus canarius) com o intuito de conhecer os gêneros mais comuns nestas aves e suas respectivas resistências a antimicrobianos. De fevereiro a junho de 2013 foram coletadas 387 amostras de swabs cloacais de canários de oito propriedades da cidade de Fortaleza, Brasil e de 58 necropsias de aves do acervo próprio do Laboratório de Estudos Ornitológicos. As amostras foram submetidas a isolamento microbiológico utilizando-se água peptonada e ágar MacConkey. As colônias foram selecionadas de acordo com suas características morfológicas nas placas, submetidas à tipificação bioquímica para identificação e ao teste de sensibilidade a antimicrobianos. The Enterobacteriaceae family contains potentially zoonotic bacteria, and their presence in canaries is often reported, though the current status of these in bird flocks is unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the most common genera of enterobacteria from canaries (Serinus canaria) and their antimicrobial resistance profiles. From February to June of 2013, a total of 387 cloacal swab samples from eight domiciliary breeding locations of Fortaleza city, Brazil, were collected and 58 necropsies were performed in canaries, which belonged to the Laboratory of Ornithological Studies. The samples were submitted to microbiological procedure using buffered peptone water and MacConkey agar. Colonies were selected according to their morphological characteristics on selective agar and submitted for biochemical identification and antimicrobial susceptibility. A total of 61 isolates were obtained, of which 42 were from cloacal swabs and 19 from necropsies. The most isolated bacteria was Escherichia coli with twenty five strains, followed by fourteen Klebsiella spp., twelve Enterobacter spp., seven Pantoea agglomerans, two Serratia spp. and one Proteus mirabilis. The antimicrobial to which the strains presented most resistance was sulfonamides with 55.7%, followed by ampicillin with 54.1% and tetracycline with 39.3%. The total of multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDR) was 34 (55.7%). In conclusion, canaries harbor members of the Enterobacteriaceae family and common strains present a high antimicrobial resistance rate, with a high frequency of MDR bacteria. 34 (55,7%). Portanto, conclui-se que os canários albergam enterobactérias e que as cepas apresentam alto índice de resistência a antimicrobianos, com alta frequência de cepas RMD.
The psittacine Pyrrhura griseipectus is a threatened species currently only found in Ceará State, Brazil. A microbiological survey was conducted to determine the composition of the enteric microbiota of this species, as well as the phenotypic profiles of antimicrobial susceptibility presented by the isolates. Cloacal swabs were collected from individual birds and submitted to microbiological processing. Antimicrobial susceptibility profiles were evaluated using the disk diffusion method. Bacteria of the genus Escherichia,
A AB BS ST TR RA AC CT TTemperature is the most important factor affecting embryonic development, hatchability and post hatch performance. Optimum incubation temperature is normally defined as that required to achieve maximum hatchability. This work was carried out to verify the effects of different incubation temperatures on hatchability, hatch weight, hatch time and embryonic mortality of Japanese quail eggs. A total of 800 eggs were divided in eight experimental groups that were incubated at different temperatures (34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40 and 41ºC). The other incubation conditions were identical for all groups, 60±5% of relative humidity and egg turning every two hours until transference to the hatchers at 15 days of incubation. The results showed that fertile hatchability was higher for eggs incubated at 37 and 38ºC, 76.6 and 80.7%, respectively. Eggs incubated at 34ºC did not hatch and the ones incubated at 35 and 41ºC showed very poor hatchability. The other temperatures had hatch rates from 50.3 to 57.7%. There were higher hatch weights in eggs incubated at high temperatures (38-41°C) compared t o the ones incubated at the lower ones (35-37°C). T here was an enormous difference in the hatching time according to the incubation temperature. The difference of time between the groups of eggs that hatched earlier (40°C) compared to the ones the hatcher later (35°C) was 156.3 hou rs or 6.5 days. Embryos seemed to be resistant to at high temperatures until 40°C at the early period of incubation, ho wever the same was not observed at the later stages of incubation when high temperatures (39-41°C) increased embryoni c mortality.Key words: hatch performance; humidity; poultry; temperature R RE ES SU UM MO OA temperatura é o fator mais importante para o desenvolvimento embrionário, a eclodibilidade e o desempenho pós-nascimento de aves. A temperatura ideal é normalmente aquela que permite máxima eclodibilidade. Este trabalho verificou os efeitos de diferentes temperaturas de incubação sobre a eclodibilidade, perda de peso dos ovos, peso ao nascer, tempo de nascimento e mortalidade embrionária de ovos de codornas japonesas. Foram utilizados 800 ovos, divididos em oito grupos experimentais e incubados em diferentes temperaturas (34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40 e 41ºC). As demais condições de incubação foram idênticas para todos os grupos, 60±5% de umidade relativa e viragem a cada 2 horas até a transferência para a nascedoura no 15º dia de incubação. A eclodibilidade dos ovos férteis foi maior para os ovos incubados a 37 e 38ºC; 76,6 e 80,7%, respectivamente. Os ovos incubados a 34ºC não eclodiram e os incubados a 35 e 41ºC apresentaram um índice muito baixo de eclodibilidade. As outras temperaturas proporcionaram eclodibilidade entre 50,3 e 57,7%. Os pesos ao nascer foram elevados nos grupos incubados em temperaturas altas (38-41°C) quando comparados aos grupos incubados em temperaturas baixas (35-37°C). Observou-se diferen ça no tempo de nascimento de acordo com a temperatura de incubação. A diferença de tempo entre o...
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.
334 Leonard St
Brooklyn, NY 11211
Copyright © 2023 scite Inc. All rights reserved.
Made with 💙 for researchers