Soft-tissue sarcomas constitute an uncommon and heterogeneous group of tumors of mesenchymal origin. Diagnosis, treatment, and management should be performed by an expert multidisciplinary team. MRI/CT of the primary tumor and biopsy is mandatory before any treatment. Wide surgical resection with tumor-free tissue margin is the mainstay for localized disease. Radiotherapy is indicated in large, deep, high-grade tumors, or after marginal resection not suitable for re-excision. Perioperative chemotherapy should be discussed for high-risk sarcomas of the extremities and trunk-wall. In the case of oligometastatic disease, patients should be considered for local therapies. First-line treatment with anthracyclines (or in combination with ifosfamide) is the treatment of choice. Other drugs have shown activity in second-line therapy and in specific histological subtypes but options are limited and thus, a clinical trial should always be discussed.
Primary ovarian Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a rare neoplasm in adults. We report a 30-year-old woman diagnosed with primary bilateral ovarian BL. She presented features of a twisted ovarian cyst and underwent bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. The histopathologic evaluation yielded the diagnosis of BL and subsequently she received chemoimmunotherapy with CODOX-M-IVAC plus rituximab (anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody).
Background: The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of irinotecan-cetuximab-bevacizumab in combination as a salvage treatment for heavily pretreated metastatic colorectal cancer patients. Methods: A total of 39 patients resistant to both oxaliplatin and irinotecan were included in this retrospective study. Treatment consisted of irinotecan 180/m2 every 14 days, weekly cetuximab standard dose and bevacizumab 5 mg/kg every 14 days. Results: Partial response was observed in 8 patients (20%), stable disease in 24 (61%) and progressive disease in 7 (18%). Overall response rate in KRAS wild type was 6/22 (27%) and in mutated KRAS it was 2/15 (13%). Median time to progression was 8 months (6.4–9.4) and median overall survival 12 months (10.1–13.8). Overall, grade 3–4 adverse events were observed in 24 patients (62%). Conclusions: This regimen is active and moderately well tolerated in heavily pretreated advanced colorectal patients. However, caution is advisable when interpreting these results, because they run against the findings of two large phase III trials.
outcome was asymptomatic disease. Associations between demographic or clinical characteristics and outcomes were measured with odds ratios (ORs) with 95% CIs using multivariable logistic regression.Results: 132 patients were included(18,5% of global ACHOCC-19 cohort). 18,2% died and 25,8% was asymptomatic. In relation to the patients who died vs did not
Trastuzumab therapy has dramatically changed breast cancer prognosis. Consensus documents recommend a close monitoring during therapy, not always feasible, especially in metastatic breast cancer. The purpose of this study is to describe trastuzumab cardiotoxicity in metastatic breast cancer patients to understand how to improve cardiovascular monitoring. We retrospectively studied metastatic breast cancer patients scheduled for trastuzumab therapy (2001-2018). All patients underwent a baseline evaluation and monitoring during therapy. Cardiotoxicity was defined as symptomatic heart failure or asymptomatic decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction > 10% from baseline and < 53%. Ninety-two women were included, mean age 61 years (±14.43), median follow-up 42.5 months (IQR 26-74). Fourteen percent developed cardiotoxicity: two heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction, three heart failure with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction, and eight asymptomatic decreased in left ventricular ejection fraction. Eighty-one percent of cardiac dysfunction cases occurred within the first 4 years and on median of 31 months from trastuzumab initiation. Thus, in metastatic breast cancer patients, trastuzumab-mediated cardiotoxicity occurred more frequently during the first 4 years. These data should be considered to optimize follow-up protocols.
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