This paper deals with the further development of finite-difference methods for electromagnetic field modelling in two-and three-dimensional cases. The main feature of the approach suggested here is the application of generalized asymptotic boundary conditions valid with the accuracy o(l/pN), where p is the distance from the heterogeneities. The finite-difference approximation of problems under solution is made using the balance method, which results in 5-point difference schemes in the 2-D case and 7-point difference schemes in the 3-D case. To solve the linear system of difference equations the successive over-relaxation (SOR) method is used, the relaxation factor being chosen during the iteration procedure. In view of the vectorial character of the problem for the 3-D case, a successive blocked over-relaxation method (SBOR) is applied.The model's validity is based on the comparison of the fields accounted at the ground surface with those computed by the integral transformation of excessive currents, determined in the heterogeneity region using the finitedifference scheme.M. S. Zhdanov et al.
This paper provides a review of geological, geophysical, and geochemical studies for three geo thermal zones of Hengill Volcano, Iceland: Nesjavellir, Hellisheidi, and Hveragerdi. We discuss the relation ships between global tectonics and high temperature geothermal systems in Iceland. The bulk of this review is devoted to studies of the physical, geochemical, and mineralogic parameters for the three areas. A separate discussion concerns surface phenomena, as well as the origin of thermal water. This review covers studies of the main aquifer complexes: Miocene/Lower Pliocene plateau basalts, Upper Pliocene/Pleistocene lavas and volcanoclastics involving tillite horizons, an aquifer complex of Holocene lava sheets as thick as 1 km, and an aquifer complex of Upper Pleistocene/Holocene alluvial eolian deposits and formations of bottom moraines. We consider a conceptual model of geothermal reservoirs characteristic for the Hengill geothermal fields.
High-density array MT soundings of the crust in the seismically active northern Tien Shan were performed using Phoenix MTU-5 stations in the Bishkek Geodynamic Polygon, at the junction of the Chu basin and the Kyrgyz Range. The MT transfer functions were determined to an accuracy of 1–2% (amplitude) and about 0.5–0.8 deg (phase) in most of 145 soundings. Preliminary analysis of the collected data aimed at estimating the geoelectrical dimensionality. The Bahr decomposition analysis indicated the presence of local 3D structures in the crust of the area superposed on the regional 2D structure.
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