Resumo: Objetivou-se avaliar a eficiência produtiva de ovelhas Corriedale de diferentes condições e estruturas corporais ao parto, mantidas em pastagem natural e/ou cultivada hibernal. Ao parto, as fêmeas foram classificadas em médias (frame = 50 a 57,5 kg) e grandes (frame = 57,6 a 62 kg) quanto ao tamanho e em média (2 a 3 pontos) ou alta (3,5 a 4,5 pontos) quanto ao escore de condição corporal. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o inteiramente casualizado em arranjo fatorial 2 x 2 (dois grupos de estruturas corporais x duas classes de escore de condição corporal). Ovelhas com frame médio foram mais leves em relação às grandes ao parto (39,97 vs 48,16 kg, respectivamente) e ao desmame (43,10 vs 50,22 kg, respectivamente). As eficiências produtivas ao parto e ao desmame não diferiram entre ovelhas médias (46,91 e 44,24 kg) e grandes (47,83 e 45,69 kg), respectivamente. Ovelhas com condição corporal média ao parto quando comparadas com ovelhas de condição corporal alta não apresentaram diferenças significativas para eficiência produtiva ao parto (46,89 vs. 47,82 kg) e ao desmame (44,10 vs. 45,83 kg). O tamanho animal e o escore de condição corporal ao parto não influenciam a eficiência produtiva dos rebanhos ovinos sob pastejo. Palavras-chave: Condição corporal; Corriedale; desmame; frame; parto.Abstract: This study was carried out to evaluate the productive efficiency of Corriedale sheep of different conformation traits, reared on natural and/or cultivated winter pastures. At calving, the females were classified as medium (frame = 50 to 57.5 kg) and large (frame = 57.6 to 62 kg) regarding the size and as average (2 to 3 points) or high (3.5 to 4.5 points) regarding the body condition score. The experimental design was entirely randomized in a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement (two groups of body weights x two classes of body condition at calving). Sheep with medium body structure were lighter compared to large ones at calving (39.97 vs 48.16 kg, respectively) and at weaning (43.10 vs 50.22 kg, respectively). The production efficiency at calving and at weaning did
The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the effect of wet brewery residue (RUC) levels as a forage source on the apparent digestibility of nutrients and nitrogen balance of feedlot lambs. The treatments consisted of four levels of RUC as forage, as follows: 31; 44; 57 and 70 % on a dry matter basis. The increase in the level of RUC as a roughage in the diet leads to a linear decrease (P≤0.01) of the digestibility coefficients of dry matter and organic matter. N intake decreased linearly (P≤0.05) with increasing dietary RUC level.
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of including wet brewery waste (WBW) as the exclusive dietary roughage source on the characteristics of carcass and non-carcass components of feedlot-finished lambs. Thirty-two non-castrated male lambs weaned at 50 days of age, resulting from the cross between the Texel and Ile de France breeds, were used. The diet was constituted by roughage (WBW) and a concentrate composed of crushed maize, soybean meal, limestone and common salt. Treatments consisted of four levels of WBW as the roughage source in the diet (% dry matter), namely, 31, 44, 57 and 70%. Lambs were slaughtered upon reaching 34 kg live weight. The treatments resulted in a linear decrease in hot and cold carcass weights and yields, carcass compactness index, conformation, degree of fatness and rib-eye area. Among the primal cuts, the absolute weights of pallet, ribs and legs decreased as the WBW level was increased. As to the non-carcass components, only the total gastrointestinal content increased linearly with WBW. The increasing levels of WBW led to greater fasting losses and reduced carcass weights and yields. There was also a reduction in the degree of fatness, carcass compactness, carcass conformation index and rib-eye area Wet brewery waste at the concentration of 31% as the roughage source in the diet of finishing lambs in the feedlot provides better carcass traits.
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of different finishing systems on the in vivo measurements, quantitative and qualitative carcass characteristics, commercial cut ratio, and shoulder tissue composition of lambs. Thirty-two male lambs were distributed in four finishing systems with eight replications each, as follows: suckling lambs on pasture; suckling lambs in confinement, with access to creep-feeding containing corn bran and soybean meal; weaned lambs fed roughage, characterized by ad libitum supply of alfalfa hay; and weaned lambs fed concentrate, composed of oat grain and soybean meal. The lambs were slaughtered as they reached the pre-set live weight at slaughtering of 30 kg. Most of the in vivo biometry variables were not significant (P > 0.05) when comparing the finishing systems, except for hindlimb height and thoracic perimeter. Regarding the quantitative carcass characteristics, all variables differed (P < 0.05) between systems, except for carcass length, leg width, and subcutaneous fat thickness. For the qualitative carcass characteristics, only the fatness and carcass conformation presented significant differences (P < 0.05). Most in vivo measurements and the proportion of carcass cuts were not influenced by finishing systems. Weaned lambs fed an exclusive concentrate diet presented leaner carcasses with an inferior conformation when compared to the other finishing systems. Suckling lambs in confinement presented shoulders with a higher fat deposition when compared to those weaned. Suckling lambs both on pasture and in confinement presented a superiority in the quantitative carcass characteristics when compared to weaned lambs.
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