Background Cardiotoxicity resulting in heart failure (HF) is among the most dreaded complications of cancer therapy and can significantly impact morbidity and mortality. Leading professional societies in cardiology and oncology recommend improved access to hospice and palliative care (PC) for patients with cancer and advanced HF. However, there is a paucity of published literature on the use of PC in cardio-oncology, particularly in patients with HF and a concurrent diagnosis of cancer. Aims To identify existing criteria for referral to and early integration of PC in the management of cases of patients with cancer and patients with HF, and to identify assessments of outcomes of PC intervention that overlap between patients with cancer and patients with HF. Design Systematic literature review on PC in patients with HF and in patients with cancer. Data sources Databases including Ovid Medline, Ovid Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science from January 2009 to September 2020. Results Sixteen studies of PC in cancer and 14 studies of PC in HF were identified after screening of the 8647 retrieved citations. Cancer and HF share similarities in their patient-reported symptoms, quality of life, symptom burden, social support needs, readmission rates, and mortality. Conclusion The literature supports the integration of PC into oncology and cardiology practices, which has shown significant benefit to patients, caregivers, and the healthcare system alike. Incorporating PC in cardio-oncology, particularly in the management of HF in patients with cancer, as early as at diagnosis, will enable patients, family members, and healthcare professionals to make informed decisions about various treatments and end-of-life care and provide an opportunity for patients to participate in the decisions about how they will spend their final days.
Background: The lack of a validated symptom assessment instrument in Spanish for patients with cancer and heart failure (HF) can affect the care and impede the recruitment and participation of Spanish-speaking patients in clinical trials. Spanish is the second most common language spoken by the largest and most rapidly growing racial/ethnic minority group in the United States. To bridge the language barrier and improve symptom management in Spanish-speaking patients with cancer and HF, the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory-Heart Failure (MDASI-HF) was translated to Spanish (MDASI-HF-Spanish). Aim: To validate the MDASI-HF-Spanish symptom assessment instrument. Methods: Following standard forward and backward translation of the original and previously validated English version of the MDASI-HF, a cognitive debriefing with nine native Spanish speaking participants was conducted to evaluate the participants' understanding and comprehension of the MDASI-HF-Spanish. To examine the comprehensibility, acceptability and psychometric properties of the translated instrument, the MDASI-HF-Spanish was tested in a convenience sample of 50 Spanish speaking patients with a diagnosis of cancer and HF. Evidence for the psychometric validity of the MDASI-HF-Spanish was demonstrated via its internal consistency reliability and known-group validity. Results: Overall, the participants had no problems with the understandability, readability, or number of questions asked. The MDASI-HF-Spanish subscales showed good internal consistency reliability, with a Cronbach's coefficient alpha of 0.94 (13 core cancer symptoms), 0.92 (8 heart failure symptoms), and 0.90 (6 interference items) respectively. The MDASI-HF-Spanish was able to differentiate the functional status between patients based on the New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification. Conclusions: The MDASI-HF-Spanish is linguistically and psychometrically valid with ease of completion, relevance, and comprehensibility among the participants, and it can be a useful tool for clinical management and research purposes.
136 Background: Chemotherapy-induced left ventricular dysfunction (CILVD) leading to heart failure (HF) is a clinical problem of emerging importance particularly with the 14.5 million cancer survivors who are alive in the United States today, and projected to increase to almost 19 million in 2024. Many of these survivors have received cardiotoxic anticancer agents such as anthracycline and trastuzumab. Research showed that those exposed to anthracyclines are expected to have some degree of cardiac dysfunction 10 to 20 years after treatment and 5% of those patients will develop overt HF. This pilot study investigated whether cancer survivors with CILVD who achieved recovery of cardiac function will maintain their left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) if HF medications were discontinued. Methods: We conducted a prospective pilot study on 20 cancer survivors with history of CILVD with recovered cardiac function. HF medications were weaned off in a stepwise process per protocol. Cardiac function was monitored with LVEF measurement per echocardiography and cardiac biomarkers performed at baseline, 2, 4 and 6 months. Patients monitor their heart rate, blood pressure, and symptoms and reported changes based on set parameters. Results: Cancer survivors who maintained their LVEF after discontinuation of HF medications were younger (mean age 47.9 years SD+12.0), 65% female, 55% breast cancer survivors, with no history ofischemic heart disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and cardiac dysrhythmias. Chemotherapeutic agents (mean dose) used in the treatment of these patients include doxorubicin (363 mg/m2), epirubicin (527mg /m2), cyclophosphamide (5062 mg), and trastuzumab (6317 mg). There was no significant change from baseline measurements of LVEF and global longitudinal strain (GLS) of 55.1% (± 3.7) GLS of -18.3% (± 2.7) prior to weaning the HF medication to 56% (± 1.6) GLS of -18.2% (± 2.3). after complete withdrawal of HF medications. Conclusions: With the increasing number of young cancer survivors, CILVD may become a frequent clinical issue. Clearly, there is a need to examine the safety of withdrawing HF medications in cancer survivors with CILVD and if lifelong therapy with HF medications is necessary.
Background: The management of patients with cancer and concurrent heart failure (HF) is challenging. The increased complexity of treatment and the occurrence of multiple overlapping symptoms may lead to frequent hospital admissions, which may result in cancer treatment delays, a diminished quality of life, and an increased financial burden for the patient's family. To provide holistic care to oncology patients with HF, we implemented the Heart Success Program (HSP), a patient-centered, interprofessional collaborative practice, which decreased the 30day hospital readmission rate for HF diagnosis from 40 to 27%. However, this rate remains higher than that reported for Medicare beneficiaries. Aim: To identify the factors contributing to frequent readmissions, the HSP committee participated in the institution's Clinical Safety and Effectiveness and utilize quality improvement methodologies and tools to decrease hospital readmission for HF. Methods: The DMAIC (Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve and Control) method was used to guide this quality improvement. Areas considered as having high impact and requiring low effort to address were patient education barriers, lack of documentation clarity, and care provider knowledge gaps about the HSP. We implemented workflow changes, improved clarity with documentation of HF diagnosis, and increase provider knowledge about the HSP. Findings: After 6 months of implementing quality improvement techniques, the 30-day hospital readmission rate for HF patients fell by 23.43% (from 31.7% for the baseline period to 8.27%), exceeding the target project goal of 10%. Our quality improvement method may also be effective in improving the management of patients with cancer and other comorbid conditions.
Background: With breast cancer (BC) treatment primarily managed in the ambulatory setting opportunities exist to provide support services to individuals that enhance their ability to manage side effects of treatment and their overall health outcomes. The aim of this randomized control trial was to evaluate the effect of a digital health coaching program on patient reported outcomes (PROs) and experience of women with BC undergoing chemotherapy treatment in the ambulatory setting. Methods: Women newly diagnosed with BC were randomized to receive either a 3-month digital health coaching intervention or standard of care support services provided by the treating hospital. PROs were captured at baseline and monthly for 3 months. The primary objective compared Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Global Health Scale scores between arms at the 3-month assessment. Secondary objectives evaluated the PROMIS physical and mental subscales, and the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI) for differences between arms and over time. Summary statistics were used to describe demographic and baseline clinical characteristics by arm. Linear mixed effects models were used to assess PROMIS and MDASI over time. Statistical analysis were performed using Stata/MP v15.0. Results: A total of 210 subjects were randomized to the control arm and 208 to the digital health coaching intervention. A significant time (Table 1) but not intervention effect was observed. The mean (SD) of the PROMIS physical health t-score for the control arm was 43.9 (4.7) and 44.1 (4.3) for the intervention arm (p = 0.699). The mean (SD) of the PROMIS mental health t-score for the control arm was 45.3 (5.4) and 45.1 (5.0) for the intervention arm (p = 0.742). The mean (SD) of MDASI severity score for the control arm was 2.4 (1.6) and was 2.5 (1.8) for the intervention arm (p = 0.715). The mean (SD) of the MDASI interference for the control arm was 2.6 (2.3) and was 2.8 (2.3) for the intervention arm (p = 0.633). Of 208 individuals randomized to the intervention, the majority (n=195; 94%) preferred engagement by phone, email and text. Participants averaged 9.17 calls with a mean duration of 13.04 minutes per call, 12.3 outbound texts to and 3.8 inbound texts from the participant, and a 47% email open rate over the course of 12-weeks. Conclusions: Study results suggest that while digital health coaching did not produce a statistically significant improvement in PRO over the course of the first 3 months of treatment, it did result in engagement that could be leveraged during and potentially beyond primary treatment for women with BC. PRO scores reflected minimal symptom burden and high global health at baseline before the start of treatment, which predictably declined over the course of treatment. Results informed the development of a currently enrolling expansion trial for individuals with diverse treatment types to evaluate which population receives the greatest benefit. Given the need for increasing engagement using telehealth solutions, the optimization of digital health coaching for individuals with BC is timely and increasingly relevant to promote optimal health self-efficacy and PROs. Table 1. Linear Mixed Models of PROMIS and MDASI Scores Over TimePROMISEffectBeta95% LB95% UBp-valuePhysicalTime<0.00130-0.88-1.50-0.260.00660-0.74-1.390.090.02690-1.88-2.53-1.22<0.001Intervention0.12-0.730.980.980MentalTime<0.00130-3.53-4.22-2.85<0.00160-3.94-4.66-3.22<0.00190-4.64-5.36-3.92<0.001Intervention-0.25-1.130.630.583MDASIEffectBeta95% LB95% UBp-valueSeverityTime<0.001301.170.991.35<0.001600.990.811.18<0.001901.261.061.45<0.001Intervention-0.08-0.330.160.499InterferenceTime<0.001301.321.081.58<0.001601.190.921.46<0.001901.561.291.83<0.001Intervention-0.09-0.420.240.587 Citation Format: Kelly J Brassil, Bryan Fellman, Brett Wisse, Diana Urbauer, Valerie Shelton, Carolyn Harty, Mazi Rasulnia. Patient reported outcomes of newly diagnosed women with breast cancer enrolled in a digital health coaching program [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 2020 San Antonio Breast Cancer Virtual Symposium; 2020 Dec 8-11; San Antonio, TX. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2021;81(4 Suppl):Abstract nr PS9-21.
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.
334 Leonard St
Brooklyn, NY 11211
Copyright © 2023 scite Inc. All rights reserved.
Made with 💙 for researchers