In this study, we showed that on-pump beating heart operations without cross-clamping is an acceptable surgical choice for mitral valve disease. Complication rates are low and perioperative mortality is lower than that generally reported with conventional technique.
On-pump beating heart aortic valve replacement with retrograde CS warm blood perfusion is a good surgical option, and has the advantage of maintaining physiologic condition of the heart throughout the procedure.
Aortic root surgery has traditionally been performed with an arrested and cooled heart using cardioplegia. A new technique of myocardial protection was utilized in the treatment of ascending aortic aneurysm with severe aortic valve regurgitation requiring aortic root replacement with the Cabrol technique. Retrograde and antegrade perfusion of the heart with blood allowed the surgical operation to be performed safely while the heart was beating and eliminated the ischemic reperfusion injury which occurs during cardioplegic arrest and reinstitution of blood perfusion after removal of the aortic cross-clamping required in traditional techniques.
Inflammation and oxidative stress markers were lower in the group of patients who underwent beating-heart valve surgery with low-volume ventilation. These results reflect less of an ischemic insult and lower inflammation compared with the results for the patients who underwent conventional operations.
Aim: The efficacy of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for stroke prevention in asymptomatic and symptomatic patients is well known. We aimed to share long term follow up results for primary closure technique for CEA without shunting and investigated risk factors for complications in this patient group.
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