ObjectiveProtein-rich nutrition is necessary for wound healing after surgery. In this study, the benefit of preoperative nutritional support was investigated for non-small cell lung cancer patients who underwent anatomic resection.MethodsA prospective study was planned with the approval of our institutional review board. Fifty-eight patients who underwent anatomic resection in our department between January 2014 and December 2014 were randomized. Thirty-one patients were applied a preoperative nutrition program with immune modulating formulae (enriched with arginine, omega-3 fatty acids and nucleotides) for ten days. There were 27 patients in the control group who were fed with only normal diet. Patients who were malnourished, diabetic or who had undergone bronchoplastic procedures or neoadjuvant therapy were excluded from the study. Patients’ baseline serum albumin levels, defined as the serum albumin level before any nutrition program, and the serum albumin levels on the postoperative third day were calculated and recorded with the other data.ResultsAnatomic resection was performed by thoracotomy in 20 patients, and 11 patients were operated by videothoracoscopy in the nutrition program group. On the other hand 16 patients were operated by thoracotomy and 11 patients were operated by videothoracoscopy in the control group. In the control group, the patients’ albumin levels decreased to 25.71 % of the baseline on the postoperative third day, but this reduction was only 14.69 % for nutrition program group patients and the difference was statistically significant (p < 0.001). Complications developed in 12 patients (44.4 %) in the control group compared to 6 patients in the nutrition group (p = 0.049). The mean chest tube drainage time was 6 (1–42) days in the control group against 4 (2–15) days for the nutrition program group (p = 0.019).ConclusionsOur study showed that preoperative nutrition is beneficial in decreasing the complications and chest tube removal time in non-small cell lung cancer patients that were applied anatomic resection with a reduction of 25 % in the postoperative albumin levels of non-malnourished patients who underwent resection.
Background: Development of multiloculation-septation is a challenging entity in empyema patients. In this study, it is aimed to investigate the success rates of videothoracoscopic deloculation (VATS-D) and intrapleural fibrinolytic (IPFib) application after tube thoracostomy. Methods: The study retrospectively examined the patients diagnosed with empyema with multiloculation and septation between January 2005 and December 2014. Among these patients, the study included those who received VATS-D or IPFib therapy. Results: VATS-D (Group 1) was applied to 54 patients and IPFib (Group 2) was applied to 24 patients. The success of both procedures was evaluated considering the need of decortication in the following periods. In the VATS-D group, 4 (7.4%) patients required decortication via thoracotomy where it was 1 (4.1%) patient (p = 0.577) in the IPFib group. The length of hospital stay was 6.81 ± 2.55 (4-15) days in Group 1 compared to 14.25 ± 6.44 (7-27) days in Group 2 (p <0.001). Conclusions: It was demonstrated that both of the methods applied in the study have high efficacy and are preferable methods based on the general conditions of patients. Additionally, the shorter length of hospital stays in patients received VATS-D was established as a significant parameter.
BACKGROUND: Bilateral pneumothorax (BPTx) can become tension PTx and a cause of mortality, especially in severe multi-trauma patients. The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence, morbidity, mortality, and associated factors of BPTx in multi-trauma patients in order to highlight the importance of the management of these cases, as well as complications, morbidity, and mortality. METHODS: The data of 181 patients with BPTx, from a total of 3782 trauma patients, were reviewed retrospectively. The details recorded were age, gender, mechanism of trauma, radiological findings, co-existing thoracic and extra-thoracic injuries, incidence of intubation, mortality, and injury severity score (ISS). The association between laterality of rib fracture, hemothorax, subcutaneous emphysema, and BPTx, and the effect of age and gender on these injuries, mortality, and ISS were analyzed. RESULTS: The patient group included 144 males, and the mean age was 36.07±15.77 years. The primary cause of trauma was a motor vehicle accident, seen in 67 (37.0%) patients. Bilateral rib fractures were detected in 75 (41.4%) patients. Hemothorax accompanied PTx in 41 (22.6%) patients bilaterally. The laterality of the rib fracture and hemothorax demonstrated a significant difference in the patient group over 60 years of age (p=0.017, p=0.005). Co-existing bilateral thoracic injuries were detected more often in this group. Twelve (17.6%) patients with only blunt chest trauma and 56 (82.4%) patients with multi-trauma were intubated. The difference between the 2 groups was not significant (p=0.532). The overall mortality rate was 18.2%. A comparison of ISS and mortality between the groups revealed no significant difference (p=0.22). CONCLUSION: The incidence of BPTx after multi-trauma is approximately 5%, so it must be taken into consideration, especially in severe multi-trauma patients, to reduce mortality. Older age and the number of rib fractures were determined to be risk factors for morbidity and mortality in trauma with BPTx.
IntroductionThere are many diseases which, despite not being malignant, show high metabolic activity and cause false-positive results.AimTo evaluate the results of positron emission tomography (PET) in patients who underwent resection after preliminary diagnosis of malignancy based on fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake value, in whom the lesions were later classified as pathologically benign.Material and methodsThe analysis included the records of 106 (12.3%) patients out of 862 patients who underwent surgery between January 2012 and December 2015 after being initially diagnosed with malignant lung lesions based on PETCT results, in whom the lesions were later classified as pathologically benign. Diagnoses, PET findings, types of surgery, and demographic data of the patients were recorded.ResultsThe mean age of the patients was 55.5 (26–79) years. The mean diameter and SUVmax of the lesions were 2 ±2.14 (0.5–13) and 3.55 ±4.35 (0–22.2) cm, respectively. The pathology results were analyzed in five different groups. The SUVmax in the hamartoma group was significantly lower than in the other groups (p < 0.001), while the SUVmax in the granulomatous disease group was significantly higher than in the other groups (p < 0.001).ConclusionsThe possibility of false positive PET results must be kept in mind when diagnosing and treating lung cancer. In particular, in the case of suspected granulomatous disease, all available pre- and intraoperative diagnostic procedures must be used.
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