A vactrain (or vacuum tube high-speed flying train) is considered as a novel proposed rail transportation approach in the ultra-high-speed scenario. The maglev train can run with low mechanical friction, low air resistance, and low noise mode at a speed exceeding 1000 km/h inside the vacuum tube regardless of weather conditions. Currently, there is no research on train-to-ground wireless communication system for vactrain. In this paper, we first summarize a list of the unique challenges and opportunities associated with the wireless communication for vactrain, then analyze the bandwidth and Quality of Service (QoS) requirements of vactrain’s train-to-ground communication services quantitatively. To address these challenges and utilize the unique opportunities, a leaky waveguide solution with simple architecture but excellent performance is proposed for wireless coverage for vactrains. The simulation of the leaky waveguide is conducted, and the results show the uniform phase distribution along the horizontal direction of the tube, but also the smooth field distribution at the point far away from the leaky waveguide, which can suppress Doppler frequency shift, indicating that the time-varying frequency-selective fading channel could be approximated as a stationary channel. Furthermore, the train-to-ground wireless access architectures based on leaky waveguide are studied and analyzed. Finally, the moving scheme is adopted based on centralized, cooperative, cloud Radio Access Network (C-RAN), so as to deal with the extremely frequent handoff issue.
Based on the realistic channel measurement on High-Speed Railway (HSR) in viaduct scenarios at 2.35 GHz, the dynamic evolution of multipath components is investigated from the birth-death process point of view. Due to the distinction in the amount of resolvable multipath signals, the channel is divided into five segments and can be completely parameterized by several sets of statistical parameters associated with the type of environment and scenario. Then the four-state Markov chain, describing the birth-death number variation of the detected propagation waves, is employed to specialize the temporal stochastic properties. Furthermore, the steady probabilities and transition probabilities are provided which will facilitate the development and evaluation of wireless communication systems under HSR.
Use policyThe full-text may be used and/or reproduced, and given to third parties in any format or medium, without prior permission or charge, for personal research or study, educational, or not-for-prot purposes provided that:• a full bibliographic reference is made to the original source • a link is made to the metadata record in DRO • the full-text is not changed in any way The full-text must not be sold in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders.Please consult the full DRO policy for further details. the fundamental features for measuring the HSR channel and a review of the state-of-the-art in HSR channel measurements is given. We also propose a novel long term evolution (LTE) based HSR channel sounding scheme and present results from our own measurement campaigns.
(2015) 'Channel characterization in high-speed railway station environments at 1.89GHz.', Radio science., 50 (11). pp. 1176-1186. Further information on publisher's website:
Use policyThe full-text may be used and/or reproduced, and given to third parties in any format or medium, without prior permission or charge, for personal research or study, educational, or not-for-prot purposes provided that:• a full bibliographic reference is made to the original source • a link is made to the metadata record in DRO • the full-text is not changed in any way The full-text must not be sold in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders.Please consult the full DRO policy for further details.
The widespread popularity of high-speed railways (HSRs) urges a critical demand on highdata-rate railway communication services for both train operation and passenger experience. To satisfy the ever-increasing requirements, future HSR communication systems, such as long-term evolution for railway (LTE-R), fifth generation (5G) on HSR, and 5G for railway (5G-R), and corresponding transmission technologies, e.g., mobile relay, coordinated multipoint, massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO), and millimeter-wave (mmWave), have recently attracted much attention. Radio channel modeling is the foundation of design and evaluation of wireless systems and transmission technologies. This paper focuses on a survey of channel modeling for the future HSR communication systems. The significant requirements of future HSR channel models are highlighted, and recent advances in the HSR channel modeling are reviewed. Finally, potential research directions for future HSR channel modeling are outlined.INDEX TERMS 5G, high-speed railway communications, channel modeling, multi-link, massive MIMO, millimeter-wave, nonstationarity, clustering, and deep learning.
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