ObjectiveThe management of giant pituitary tumors is complex, with few publications and recommendations. Consequently, patient’s care mainly relies on clinical experience. We report here a first large series of patients with giant pituitary tumors managed by a multidisciplinary expert team, focusing on treatments and outcome.MethodsA retrospective cohort study was conducted. Giant pituitary tumors were defined by a main diameter > 40mm. Macroprolactinomas sensitive to dopamine agonists were excluded. All patients were operated by a single neurosurgical team. After surgery, multimodal management was proposed, including hormone replacement, radiotherapy and anti-tumor medical therapies. Outcome was modeled using Kaplan-Meyer representation. A logistic regression model was built to identify the risk factors associated with surgical complications.Results63 consecutive patients presented a giant adenoma, most often with visual defects. Patients were operated once, twice or three times in 59%, 40% and 1% of cases respectively, mainly through endoscopic endonasal approach. Giant adenomas included gonadotroph, corticotroph, somatotroph, lactotroph and mixed GH-PRL subtypes in 67%, 14%, 11%, 6% and 2% of patients respectively. Vision improved in 89% of patients with prior visual defects. Severe surgical complications occurred in 11% of patients, mainly for tumors > 50 mm requiring microscopic transcranial approach. Additional radiotherapy was needed for 29% of patients, 3 to 56 months after first surgery. For 6% of patients, Temozolomide treatment was required, 19 to 66 months after first surgery.ConclusionsGiant pituitary tumors require multimodal management, with a central role of surgery. Most often, tumor control can be achieved by expert multidisciplinary teams.
scite is a Brooklyn-based organization that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.
334 Leonard St
Brooklyn, NY 11211
Copyright © 2023 scite LLC. All rights reserved.
Made with 💙 for researchers
Part of the Research Solutions Family.