42Publications

623Citation Statements Received

1,047Citation Statements Given

How they've been cited

546

39

582

2

How they cite others

1,408

67

976

4

Publications

Order By: Most citations

A dynamical systems approach is used to devise a linear estimation tool for channel flow at a friction Reynolds number of $Re_{\unicode[STIX]{x1D70F}}=1000$. The estimator uses time-resolved velocity measurements at a single wall-normal location to estimate the velocity field at other wall-normal locations (the data coming from direct numerical simulations). The estimation tool builds on the work of McKeon & Sharma (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 658, 2010, pp. 336–382) by using a Navier–Stokes-based linear model and treating any nonlinear terms as unknown forcings to an otherwise linear system. In this way nonlinearities are not ignored, but instead treated as an unknown model input. It is shown that, while the linear estimator qualitatively reproduces large-scale flow features, it tends to overpredict the amplitude of velocity fluctuations – particularly for structures that are long in the streamwise direction and thin in the spanwise direction. An alternative linear model is therefore formed in which a simple eddy viscosity is used to model the influence of the small-scale turbulent fluctuations on the large scales of interest. This modification improves the estimator performance significantly. Importantly, as well as improving the performance of the estimator, the linear model with eddy viscosity is also able to predict with reasonable accuracy the range of wavenumber pairs and the range of wall-normal heights over which the estimator will perform well.

The wall-normal extent of the large-scale structures modelled by the linearized Navier-Stokes equations subject to stochastic forcing is directly compared to Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) data. A turbulent channel flow at a friction Reynolds number of Re τ = 2000 is considered. We use the two-dimensional (2-D) linear coherence spectrum (LCS) to perform the comparison over a wide range of energy-carrying streamwise and spanwise length scales. The study of the 2-D LCS from DNS indicates the presence of large-scale structures that are coherent over large wall-normal distances and that are self-similar. We find that, with the addition of an eddy viscosity profile, these features of the largescale structures are captured by the linearized equations, except in the region close to the wall. To further study this coherence, a coherence-based estimation technique, spectral linear stochastic estimation (SLSE), is used to build linear estimators from the linearized Navier-Stokes equations. The estimator uses the instantaneous streamwise velocity field or the 2-D streamwise energy spectrum at one wall-normal location (obtained from DNS), to predict the same quantity at a different wall-normal location. We find that the addition of an eddy viscosity profile significantly improves the estimation.

Many thermoacoustic systems exhibit rich nonlinear behaviour. Recent studies show that this nonlinear dynamics can be well captured by low-order time domain models that couple a level set kinematic model for a laminar flame, the G-equation, with a state-space realization of the linearized acoustic equations. However, so far the G-equation has been coupled only with straight ducts with uniform mean acoustic properties, which is a simplistic configuration. In this study, we incorporate a wave-based model of the acoustic network, containing area and temperature variations and frequency-dependent boundary conditions. We cast the linear acoustics into state-space form using a different approach from that in the existing literature. We then use this state-space form to investigate the stability of the thermoacoustic system, both in the frequency and time domains, using the flame position as a control parameter. We observe frequency-locked, quasiperiodic and chaotic oscillations. We identify the location of Neimark-Sacker bifurcations with Floquet theory. We also find the Ruelle-Takens-Newhouse route to chaos with nonlinear time series analysis techniques. We highlight important differences between the nonlinear response predicted by the frequency domain and the time domain methods. This reveals deficiencies with the frequency domain technique, which is commonly used in academic and industrial studies of thermoacoustic systems. We then demonstrate a more accurate approach based on continuation analysis applied to time domain techniques.

We study the evolution of velocity fluctuations due to an isolated spatio-temporal impulse using the linearized Navier-Stokes equations. The impulse is introduced as an external body force in incompressible channel flow at Re τ = 10000. Velocity fluctuations are defined about the turbulent mean velocity profile. A turbulent eddy viscosity is added to the equations to fix the mean velocity as an exact solution, which also serves to model the dissipative effects of the background turbulence on large-scale fluctuations. An impulsive body force produces flowfields that evolve into coherent structures containing long streamwise velocity streaks that are flanked by quasi-streamwise vortices; some of these impulses produce hairpin vortices. As these vortex-streak structures evolve, they grow in size to be nominally self-similar geometrically with an aspect ratio (streamwise to wallnormal) of approximately 10, while their kinetic energy density decays monotonically. The topology of the vortex-streak structures is not sensitive to the location of the impulse, but is dependent on the direction of the impulsive body force. All of these vortex-streak structures are attached to the wall, and their Reynolds stresses collapse when scaled by distance from the wall, consistent with Townsend's attached eddy hypothesis. †

Using data from direct numerical simulations, linear models of the compressible flow past a rectangular cavity are found. The emphasis is on forming simple models which capture the input–output behaviour of the system, and which are useful for feedback controller design. Two different approaches for finding a linear model are investigated. The first involves using input–output data of the linearized cavity flow to form a balanced, reduced-order model directly. The second approach is conceptual, and involves modelling each element of the flow physics separately using simple analytical expressions, the parameters of which are chosen based on simulation data at salient points in the cavity’s computational domain. Both models are validated: first in the time domain by comparing their impulse responses to that of the full system in direct numerical simulations; and second in the frequency domain by comparing their frequency responses. Finally, the validity of both linear models is shown most clearly by using them for feedback controller design, and then applying each controller in direct numerical simulations. Both controllers completely eliminate oscillations, and demonstrate the advantages of model-based feedback controllers, even when the models upon which they are based are very simple.

scite is a Brooklyn-based organization that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.

hi@scite.ai

334 Leonard St

Brooklyn, NY 11211

Copyright © 2023 scite LLC. All rights reserved.

Made with 💙 for researchers

Part of the Research Solutions Family.