A new three phase multilevel inverter with reduced number of components count is proposed in this paper. This inverter is designed using a single DC source per phase to generate multiple level output voltage which makes it suitable for low and medium voltage applications, including ac-coupled renewables or energy storages. A generalized circuit configuration is shown in this paper following which the number of output voltage level can be increased as per expectation. Although, each element endures the voltage stress equivalent to the input DC voltage, the value of total standing voltage (TSV) is reduced by the utilization of minimized number of components with respect to the number of series connected capacitors. Further, staircase modulation scheme is used to generate the switching signals. Hence, the proposed inverter can be operated at low switching frequency with optimal output current harmonic distortion which decreases switching losses and suppresses power factor falling. In order to validate the theoretical explanations and practical performances of the proposed inverter, the hypothesis is simulated for 9, 13 and 39 output voltage level inverters for three phase with a line voltage total harmonic distortion (THD) of 6.06%, 4.16% and 2.10% respectively in MATLAB/Simulink and a 5-level single phase laboratory prototype is implemented in the laboratory. INDEX TERMS Pulse width modulation inverters, multilevel inverters, total harmonic distortion, total standing voltage, photovoltaic systems, energy storage.
Most traditional AC/AC power converters suffer from power quality problems and multi-stage power conversion losses. The rectifier and inverter-based AC/AC converter topology not only increases multi-stage power conversion losses, but also increases the volume, weight, and cost, and decreases the longevity of the converter due to the DC-link capacitor, line filter and electromagnetic interference (EMI) filter. High-frequency (about 10 kHz) switching advanced pulse width modulation techniques are generally used in order to compensate the power quality problems, which increase the switching losses and introduce the EMI problems. In this paper, a new generalized step-down single-stage line-frequency switching AC/AC power converter topology is proposed. The proposed converter uses line-frequency switching, and does not require any pulse width modulation techniques. The proposed topology offers promising performances in terms of lower order harmonics, total harmonic distortion, the elimination of DC-link capacitors and EMI filters, and switching losses. The circuit was designed and simulated in a MATLAB/Simulink environment. A scaled-down laboratory prototype of the proposed topology was developed in order to validate the feasibility. The experimental and simulation results reveal the feasibility of the proposed generalized step-down single-stage converter topology, and its excellent features.
Due to global warming and shortage of fossil fuels, the grid-connected solar photovoltaic (PV) system has gained significant popularity all over the world. The modular multilevel cascaded (MMC) inverter is the natural choice for step-up transformer and line filter less direct medium voltage grid integration of solar PV systems. However, power quality and loss are the important issues while connecting the PV system to the medium voltage grid through MMC inverter. Modulation technique is the key to maintain output power quality, e.g., total harmonic distortion (THD) and to ensure low switching and conduction losses. In this paper, an advanced modulation technique named “triangle saturated common mode pulse width modulation (TSCMPWM)” control is proposed for a 3-phase 5-level MMC inverter-based grid-tied PV system. Compared to traditional modulation techniques, the proposed TSCMPWM control offers the lowest voltage THD as well as lower inverter power losses. Performance of the proposed modulation technique is evaluated in MATLAB/Simulink environment and tested with a reduced scale prototype test platform. Both simulation and experimental results show the effectiveness of the proposed modulation technique.
This paper presents a novel single-phase to single-phase multiconverter topology that can be applied in multiple areas. The proposed multiconverter is designed with only two soft power semiconductor switches (e.g. MOSFET or IGBT), four power diodes and a center-tapped transformer which makes it more compact in size, decrease the gate driving complexity, reduce the total equipment costs and enhance the energy conversion efficiency with minimized losses. Furthermore, the utilization of the transformer in the proposed converter mitigates the multiple AC source requirement problems and provides galvanic isolation which increases the reliability of the converter. Moreover, the presented multiconverter is applicable in various areas including electric traction as a speed controller, induction heating, AC and DC variable power supplies, etc. which signify the competence of this converter in energy conversion appliances. However, a comparative analysis of the offered converter with the existing AC-AC converters is also introduced in this paper with respect to the number of components, equipment costs, gate driving complexity, and application areas. In order to evaluate the performance of the proposed multiconverter, the simulation-based results carried out in MATLAB/Simulink are presented and analyzed in this paper with proper descriptions. Finally, a scaled-down prototype is developed in the laboratory to validate the simulation results and the feasibility of the proposed multiconverter. INDEX TERMS Cycloconverter, controlled rectifier, electric traction, matrix converter, multiconverter, static frequency changer (SFC), voltage regulator.
The use of different control techniques has become very popular for controlling the performance of grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems. Although the proportional-integral (PI) control technique is very popular, there are some difficulties such as less stability, slow dynamic response, low reference tracking capability, and lower output power quality in solar PV applications. In this paper, a robust, fast, and dynamic proportional-integral resonance controller with a harmonic and lead compensator (PIR + HC + LC) is proposed to control the current of a 15-level neutral-point-clamped (NPC) multilevel inverter. The proposed controlled is basically a proportional-integral resonance (PIR) controller with the feedback of a harmonic compensator and a lead compensator. The performance of the proposed controller is analyzed in a MATLAB/Simulink environment. The simulation result represents admirable performance in terms of stability, sudden load change response, fault handling capability, reference tracking capability, and total harmonic distortion (THD) than those of the existing controllers. The responses of the inverter and grid outlets under different conditions are also analyzed. The harmonic compensator decreases the lower order harmonics of grid voltage and current, and the lead compensator provides the phase lead. It is expected that the proposed controller is a dynamic aspirant in the grid-connected PV system.
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