Conclusive evidence is presented for the existence of a reactive resonance in the F+HD reaction. In a molecular beam experiment, the resonance appears in the integral cross section as a distinct steplike feature, while in the differential cross section it is manifested as sharply varying forward-backward peaks in the product distribution. A detailed analysis of the quantum dynamics establishes that a reactive resonance localized in the transition-state region is responsible for these remarkable observations. At collision energies below 1 kcal/mol, the reaction proceeds almost exclusively through resonant tunneling with very little contribution from the more conventional direct mechanism.
Radiofrequency catheter ablation of typical atrial flutter is highly effective and associated with a low recurrence rate of atrial flutter, but atrial fibrillation continues to be a long-term risk for patients undergoing this procedure. The presence of structural heart disease and prior spontaneous or inducible sustained atrial fibrillation increases the risk of developing atrial fibrillation.
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NRC Publications Archive Archives des publications du CNRCThis publication could be one of several versions: author's original, accepted manuscript or the publisher's version. / La version de cette publication peut être l'une des suivantes : la version prépublication de l'auteur, la version acceptée du manuscrit ou la version de l'éditeur.
NRC Publications Record / Notice d'Archives des publications de CNRC:http://nparc.cisti-icist.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/eng/view/object/?id=316e48fa-9e40-45c2-af08-952c6eee950f http://nparc.cisti-icist.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/fra/voir/objet/?id=316e48fa-9e40-45c2-af08-952c6eee950f We study the applicability of femtosecond time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy to the study of substituent effects in molecular electronic relaxation dynamics using a series of monosubstituted benzenes as model compounds. Three basic types of electronic substituents were used: CdC (styrene), CdO (benzaldehyde), and CtC (phenylacetylene). In addition, the effects of the rigidity and vibrational density of states of the substituent were investigated via both methyl (R-methylstyrene, acetophenone) and alkyl ring (indene) substitution. Femtosecond excitation to the second ππ* state leads, upon time-delayed ionization, to two distinct photoelectron bands having different decay constants. Variation of the ionization laser frequency had no effect on the photoelectron band shapes or lifetimes, indicating that autoionization from super-excited states played no discernible role. From assignment of the energy-resolved photoelectron spectra, a fast decaying component was attributed to electronic relaxation of the second ππ* state, a slower decaying component to the first ππ* state. Very fast electronic relaxation constants (<100 fs) for the second ππ* states were observed for all molecules studied and are explained by relaxation to the first ππ* via a conical intersection near the planar minimum. Although a "floppy" methyl substitution (R-methylstyrene, acetophenone) leads as expected to even faster second ππ* decay rates, a rigid ring substitution (indene) has no discernible effect. The much slower electronic relaxation constants of the first ππ* states for styrene and phenylacetylene are very similar to those of benzene in its first ππ* state, at the same amount of vibrational energy. By contrast, the lifetime of the first ππ* state of indene was much longer, attributed to its rigid structure. The second ππ* state of benzaldehyde has a short lifetime, similar to the other derivat...
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