The CD spectra of 13 crystalline aryl benzyl sulfoxides 1a-m with various substituents on the two aromatic rings were recorded in solution and in the solid state. Solution CD spectra were very homogeneous along the series, consisting in most cases of a couplet-like feature in the 200-300 nm region. The red-shifted component of the couplet, corresponding to the sulfoxide-centered n-pi* transition, is always positive for (R) absolute configuration in accordance with Mislow's rule. The presence of a strong electron-withdrawing substituent on the phenyl ring (nitro or ester group) alters the shape of the CD spectrum. CD calculations using the TDDFT method were run for eight representative compounds using DFT-optimized geometries. In all cases, calculated spectra were in very good agreement with experimental ones and allowed for rationalization of the diverse spectral behaviors. It is demonstrated that TDDFT//DFT calculations represent a reliable option for assigning the absolute configuration of this class of compounds whenever crystals suitable for X-ray are not available. Solid-state CD spectra recorded with the KCl pellet technique were in some cases in agreement with those in solution. However, in other cases new and strong CD signals appeared which were interpreted as being due to intermolecular couplings in the crystals.
The synthesis and the molecular and photophysical characterization, together with solid state and solution structure analysis, of a series of europium complexes based on β-diketonate ligands are reported. The Eu(III) complex emission, specifically its photoluminescence quantum yield (PL-QY), can be tuned by changing ligands which finely modifies the environment of the metal ion. Steady-state and time-resolved emission spectroscopy and overall PL-QY measurements are reported and related to geometrical features observed in crystal structures of some selected compounds. Moreover, paramagnetic NMR, based on the analogous complexes with other lanthanides, are use to demonstrate that there is a significant structural reorganization upon dissolution, which justifies the observed differences in the emission properties between solid and solution states. The energy of the triplet levels of the ligands and the occurrence of nonradiative deactivation processes clearly account for the luminescence efficiencies of the complexes in the series.
The electronic structure of a chiral Yb(III)-based complex is fully determined by taking advantage of experimental magnetic, luminescence, and chiroptical (NIR-ECD and CPL) characterizations in combination with ab-initio wavefunction calculations....
The heterobimetallic complex CsEu[(+)-hfbc](4) (hfbc = 3-heptafluorobutyryl camphorate), prepared by Kaizaki and co-workers, displays the highest ratio of polarization versus total luminescence (measured by the g(lum) factor), i.e., ~85% of the emitted photons at 595 nm are left-circularly polarized. We present a detailed structural analysis in solution, based on paramagnetic nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and discuss the possible dynamic processes, where its analogues are involved. We demonstrate that the first coordination sphere is very close to the achiral regular square antiprism (SAPR) with D(4d) symmetry, which rules out the intrinsic dissymmetry of the Eu environment for rationalizing the g(lum). In contrast, the dynamic coupling between the f-f transitions, responsible for the emission, to the ligand-centered π-π* transition at 310 nm displays almost ideal geometry to justify g(lum) and discloses a key to high circularly polarized emission.
The structural elucidation of the compounds isolated from the endophytic Phomopsis sp. revealed phomopsinones A-D (1-4), four new α-pyrone derivatives. Three known compounds were also isolated, namely two phomosines, phomosine A (5) and phomosine C (6), and ergosterol (7). The structures of these compounds were determined by spectroscopic analysis ( 1H, 13C, 1H- 1H COSY, HMQC, HMBC, and ROESY NMR, and mass spectrometry), supported by molecular modeling. The absolute configurations of the new compounds 1-4 were determined by circular dichroism spectroscopy and TDDFT calculations. Preliminary studies indicated that compounds 1 and 4 show strong and good antifungal activity, respectively. Similarly, compounds 2 and 3 showed good antifungal and moderate antibacterial activities as well as antialgal activities
A series of 13 enantiopure aryl benzyl sulfoxides () with different substituents on the two aromatic rings has been previously analyzed by means of electronic circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy. Most of these compounds are crystalline and their X-ray structure is established. For almost one-half of the series, CD spectra measured in the solid state were quite different from those in acetonitrile solution. We demonstrate that the difference is due to strong exciton couplings between molecules packed closely together in the crystal. The computational approach consists of time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) calculations run on "dimers" composed of nearest neighbors found in the lattice. Solid-state CD spectra are well reproduced by the average of all possible pairwise terms. The relation between the crystal space group and conformation, and the appearance of solid-state CD spectra, is also discussed.
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