Background. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder that is associated with sub-clinical inflammation. Some hemogram parameters are thought to be novel inflammatory markers. Objectives. We aimed to study novel inflammatory markers derived from hemograms and to compare them to those in healthy subjects. Material and methods. The platelet distribution width (PDW), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) of patients with IBS were gathered from a database and compared to those in a healthy population.Results. The PLR of the IBS group (144 ± 50%) was higher than the PLR of the control group (111 ± 32%; p < 0.001). The PDW of the IBS group (16.3 [1%]) was higher than the PDW of the control group (15.4 [2.4%]; p < 0.001). The NLR of the IBS group (2.2 [1.1%]) was higher than the NLR of the control group (1.8 [0.7%]; p < 0.001). The MLR of the IBS group (0.25 [0.14%]) was higher than the MLR of the control group (0.2 [0.12%]; p < 0.001). Conclusions. We think that PDW, NLR, PLR, and MLR could all serve as diagnostic tools for IBS. Although the diagnosis of IBS is based on history and clinical findings, the simplicity and low cost of these hemogram tests could provide laboratory support in establishing a diagnosis, especially in suspected cases.
Aim: Despite it has some disadvantages, the most important marker of diabetic control is glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio (UHR) is a promising marker in metabolic syndrome. We aimed to compare UHR levels of well and poorly controlled type 2 diabetic male subjects, as well as healthy men, and to observe its correlation with other metabolic parameters. Methods: Male patients with T2DM that showed up in outpatient internal medicine clinics of our hospital were enrolled to the study. Diabetic subjects divided into two groups according to the level of HbA1c: well-controlled T2DM group (HbA1c < 7%) and poorly controlled T2DM group (HbA1c 7%). Third group was consisted of healthy subjects without any chronic diseases. UHR levels of the groups were compared. Results: The UHR levels of well and poorly controlled diabetics and control subjects were 12%±5%, 17%±6% and 9%±3%, respectively (p<.001). The UHR was significantly and inversely correlated with GFR and was significantly and positively correlated with waist circumference, body weight, body mass index, serum creatinine, fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and HbA1c levels. Conclusion: UHR could serve as a promising predictor of diabetic control in men with T2DM, since it has significant association with HbA1c and FPG levels.
OBJECTIVE: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, which is characterized by lipid being deposited into hepatocytes, affects nearly one in three adults globally. Inflammatory markers were suggested to be related with hepatic steatosis. Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio is proposed as a novel inflammatory and metabolic marker. We aimed to compare Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio levels of patients with Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease to those of healthy controls and find out potential correlations between Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio and other inflammatory and metabolic markers of Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
METHODS:Patients with a diagnosis of Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease who were on clinical follow-up in our institution were enrolled in the study as the Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease group, while healthy volunteers were enrolled as the control group.The Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio of the groups was compared and potential correlations were studied between Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio and fasting blood glucose, transaminases, serum lipids (triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol), weight, and body mass index.
RESULTS:The Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio of the Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (13±5%) group was significantly higher compared to the Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio of the control (10±4%) group (p<0.001). Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio was significantly and positively correlated with fasting blood glucose, transaminases, triglyceride, body weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, and body mass index. A ROC analysis revealed that a Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio level greater than 9.6% has 73% sensitivity and 51% specificity in determining Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.CONCLUSION: Due to the inexpensive and easy-to-assess nature of Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio, we suggest that elevated Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio levels be considered a useful tool in diagnosing hepatic steatosis.
OBJECTIVES: Frailty is a common problem in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It is considered to be associated with infl ammation. Novel markers derived from hemogram, such as neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and mean platelet volume/lymphocyte ratio (MPVLR), are proposed as infl ammatory markers. In present study, we aimed to compare NLR and MPVLR levels of frail patients with T2DM to non-frail diabetic subjects. METHODS: Diabetic subjects were grouped in frail and non-frail groups according to the Edmonton Frail Scale. General characteristics and laboratory data of the frail and non-frail groups were compared. RESULTS: The MPVLR of the frail (3.9 [1.4-13.2] %) group was signifi cantly higher than that of the non-frail (3.4 [1.5-6.9] %) group (p = 0.02). MPVLR was positively and signifi cantly correlated with Edmonton Frail Scale score (r = 0.21, p = 0.03). A MPVLR level greater than 3.41 % has 71 % sensitivity and 51 % specifi ty in predicting frailty. CONCLUSION: We suggest that elevated MPVLR could be a fi nding that marks frailty in diabetic subjects. Inexpensive and easy-to-assess nature of the MPVLR may be useful in predicting frailty in type 2 diabetic population (Tab. 2, Fig. 1, Ref. 32).
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