The best available evidence for decompression of colorectal anastomosis, either use of loop ileostomy or loop colostomy, could not be clarified from this review. So far, the results in terms of occurrence of postoperative stoma prolapse support the choice of loop ileostomy as a technique for fecal diversion for colorectal anastomosis, but large scale RCT's is needed to verify this.
Sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) is a consequence of the accumulation of genetic and epigenetic alterations that result in the transformation of normal colonic epithelial cells to adenocarcinomas. Studies have indicated that a common event in the tumorigenesis of CRC is the association of global hypomethylation with discrete hypermethylation at the promoter regions of specific genes that are involved in cell cycle regulation, DNA repair, apoptosis, angiogenesis, adhesion and invasion. The present study aimed to investigate the epigenetic changes (DNA methylation) in 24 candidate genes in CRC. A total of 10 candidate hypermethylated (HM) and unmethylated (UM) genes were identified that may be useful epigenetic markers for non-invasive CRC screening. The five genes that had the highest average UM percentages in the control group were MLH1 (71.7%), DKK2 (69.6%), CDKN2A (68.4%), APC (67.5%) and hsa-mir-342 (67.4%). RUNX3 (58.9%), PCDH10 (55.5%), SFRP5 (52.1%), IGF2 (50.4%) and Hnf1b (50.0%) were the five genes with the highest average HM percentages in the test group. In summary, the present preliminary study identified the methylation profiles of normal and cancerous colonic epithelial tissues, and provided the groundwork for future large-scale methylation studies.
Monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs) have been described to play an important role in cancer, but to date there are no reports on the significance of MCT expression in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). The aim of the present work was to assess the value of MCT expression, as well as co-expression with the MCT chaperone CD147 in GISTs and evaluate their clinical-pathological significance. We analyzed the immunohistochemical expression of MCT1, MCT2, MCT4 and CD147 in a series of 64 GISTs molecularly characterized for KIT, PDGFRA and BRAF mutations. MCT1, MCT2 and MCT4 were highly expressed in GISTs. CD147 expression was associated with mutated KIT (p = 0.039), as well as a progressive increase in Fletcher's Risk of Malignancy (p = 0.020). Importantly, co-expression of MCT1 with CD147 was associated with low patient's overall survival (p = 0.037). These findings suggest that co-expression of MCT1 with its chaperone CD147 is involved in GISTs aggressiveness, pointing to a contribution of cancer cell metabolic adaptations in GIST development and/or progression.
Purpose:To evaluate the prognostic significance and correlation with staging and degree of cell differentiation of the tumoral expression of the proteins c-erbB-2 and E-cadherin, in patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma. Methods: The study included 117 patients with an average age of 63.1 years and an average follow-up duration of 28.1 months. The disease-free interval, survival, incidence of recurrence and specific mortality were evaluated. c-erbB-2 anti-oncoprotein antibodies (Dako) were utilized via the streptavidin-biotin technique. Samples were considered to be positive for c-erbB-2 if 10% or more of the tumor cell membranes were stained.The anti-E-cadherin antibodies (Dako), evaluated this protein and is considered positive, if 50% or more of the cell membranes were stained. Statistical analysis was performed using Pearson's chi-squared test, Fisher's exact test, Kaplan-Meier's estimator, the log-rank test and Wilcoxon's test (Breslow version), setting the level of statistical significance at 5% (p<0.05). Results: 52 of 108 patients studied for c-erbB-2 were positive (48,1%), 47 of 93 patients studied for E-cadherin were negative (50,5%). These data do not express any correlation with TNM (tumor, node and metastasis) staging and the degree of cell differentiation or with the tumor recurrence rate. The disease-free interval among patients who were positive for c-erbB-2 and negative for E-cadherin was 68.0 months and did not differ from those with c-erbB-2 negative and E-cadherin positive ( 55.0 months -p = 0.5510). The average survival among patients positive for c-erbB-2 and negative for E-cadherin was 75 months without statistical significance difference with the other group ( 61 months -p = 0.5256). Specific mortality occurred in 20.0% of the cases and did not correlate with the expression of c-erbB-2 (p=0,446), E-cadherin (p=0,883). Conclusion: The tumoral expression of c-erbB-2 and E-cadherin did not demonstrate a correlation with the staging and degree of cell differentiation, and it did not present prognostic value regarding disease recurrence, disease-free interval, survival and specific mortality among patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma. Key words: Colorectal neoplasms. Tumor markers, biological. Receptor, erbB-2. Cadherins. Immunohistochemistry. Prognosis. RESUMOObjetivo: Avaliação da expressão tumoral das proteínas c-erbB-2 e E-caderina e sua relação com o prognóstico, estadiamento e grau de diferenciação celular, em doentes com câncer colo-retal . Métodos: O estudo incluiu 117 doentes com média de idade de 63.1 anos e com acompanhamento médio de 28.1 meses. O intervalo livre de doença, sobrevida, índice de recidiva e mortalidade específica foram os parâmetros avaliados. Anticorpos anti-oncoproteína c-erbB-2 (Dako) foram utilizados pela técnica da estreptavidiva-biotina. Considerou-se como positiva a presença desta proteína quando mais de 10% das células tumorais estivessem coradas. A proteína E-caderina foi estudada pelo anticorpo anti-E-caderina (Dako), sendo computada como posi...
Intensive follow-up by serial assay of CEA and cytokeratins allows early detection of colorectal neoplasm recurrence.
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide, accounting for more than 610,000 mortalities every year. Prognosis of patients is highly dependent on the disease stage at diagnosis. Therefore, it is crucial to investigate molecules involved in colorectal cancer tumorigenesis, with possible use as tumor markers. Heparan sulfate proteoglycans are complex molecules present in the cell membrane and extracellular matrix, which play vital roles in cell adhesion, migration, proliferation, and signaling pathways. In colorectal cancer, the cell surface proteoglycan syndecan-2 is upregulated and increases cell migration. Moreover, expression of syndecan-1 and syndecan-4, generally antitumor molecules, is reduced. Levels of glypicans and perlecan are also altered in colorectal cancer; however, their role in tumor progression is not fully understood. In addition, studies have reported increased heparan sulfate remodeling enzymes, as the endosulfatases. Therefore, heparan sulfate proteoglycans are candidate molecules to clarify colorectal cancer tumorigenesis, as well as important targets to therapy and diagnosis.
Background The prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients can be influenced by genetic mutations and nutritional status. The relationship between these variables is unclear. The objective of the study was to verify the variables involved in the nutritional status and genetic mutations, which correlate with survival of CRC patients. Methods Patients with surgical intervention for tumor resection were evaluated using body mass index, nutritional screening, patient self-produced global subjective assessment, phase angle, and computed tomography to calculate the areas of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue, and muscle mass for the determination of sarcopenia. Ten gene mutations involved in CRC carcinogenesis were studied ( PIK3CA, KRAS, BRAF, EGFR, NRAS, TP53, APC, PTEN, SMAD4 , and FBXW7 ). DNA was extracted from fresh tumor or paraffin tissues. Results Of the 46 patients, 29 (64.4%) were at nutritional risk and 21 (45.7%) were moderately malnourished. However, there was a high percentage of VAT in 24 (61.5%) and sarcopenia in 19 (48.7%) patients. These variables were associated with a higher risk of mortality. Nutritional risk, moderate or severe malnutrition, phase angle < 5°, VAT < 163.8 cm 2 in men and < 80.1 cm 2 in women, and sarcopenia were associated with the relative risk of death, with respective hazard ratios/odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals of 8.77 (1.14–67.1), 3.95 (1.11–14.0), 3.79 (1.10–13.1), 3.43 (1.03–11.4), and 3.95 (1.06–14.6). Increased VAT was associated with a lower risk of death, even in patients older than 60 years or those harboring mutated KRAS . Conclusions Patients with positive indicators for malnutrition or risk of malnutrition had an increased risk of death. No relationship was identified between the presence of mutations and survival.
MR et al. Primary perineal posterior hernia. An abdominoperineal approach for mesh repair of the pelvic floor. CLINICS 60(1):71-74, 2005.Spontaneous development of perineal hernias is a very rare condition and many techniques have been described for repairing the floor defect.The authors describe the use of a combined approach in the surgical treatment of primary perineal hernias, by reconstructing the muscle pelvic floor and restoring the rectum to its sacral position with mesh repair. The case of one patient with a huge primary perineal hernia is reported, with clinical manifestations of progressive bulging in the buttock area, obstipation and fecal incontinence.Long-term follow-up has shown no recurrence of the condition and normal bowel function. It is concluded that primary perineal hernia can be repaired by a combined surgical approach, by using prosthetic material.CLINICS 60(1):  2005 Primary perineal posterior hernia Salum MR et al.
scite is a Brooklyn-based organization that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.
334 Leonard St
Brooklyn, NY 11211
Copyright © 2023 scite Inc. All rights reserved.
Made with 💙 for researchers