In recent years the scientific community has been heavily engaged in studying the grapevine response to climate change. Final goal is the identification of key genetic traits to be used in grapevine breeding and the setting of agronomic practices to improve climatic resilience. The increasing availability of transcriptomic studies, describing gene expression in many tissues and developmental, or treatment conditions, have allowed the implementation of gene expression compendia, which enclose a huge amount of information. The mining of transcriptomic data represents an effective approach to expand a known local gene network (LGN) by finding new related genes. We recently published a pipeline based on the iterative application of the PC-algorithm, named NES2RA, to expand gene networks in Escherichia coli and Arabidopsis thaliana. Here, we propose the application of this method to the grapevine transcriptomic compendium Vespucci, in order to expand four LGNs related to the grapevine response to climate change. Two networks are related to the secondary metabolic pathways for anthocyanin and stilbenoid synthesis, involved in the response to solar radiation, whereas the other two are signaling networks, related to the hormones abscisic acid and ethylene, possibly involved in the regulation of cell water balance and cuticle transpiration. The expansion networks produced by NES2RA algorithm have been evaluated by comparison with experimental data and biological knowledge on the identified genes showing fairly good consistency of the results. In addition, the algorithm was effective in retaining only the most significant interactions among the genes providing a useful framework for experimental validation. The application of the NES2RA to Vitis vinifera expression data by means of the BOINC-based implementation is available upon request (firstname.lastname@example.org).
BackgroundInterrogation of whole exome and targeted sequencing NGS data is rapidly becoming a preferred approach for the exploration of large cohorts in the research setting and importantly in the context of precision medicine. Single-base and genomic region level data retrieval and processing still constitute major bottlenecks in NGS data analysis. Fast and scalable tools are hence needed.ResultsPaCBAM is a command line tool written in C and designed for the characterization of genomic regions and single nucleotide positions from whole exome and targeted sequencing data. PaCBAM computes depth of coverage and allele-specific pileup statistics, implements a fast and scalable multi-core computational engine, introduces an innovative and efficient on-the-fly read duplicates filtering strategy and provides comprehensive text output files and visual reports. We demonstrate that PaCBAM exploits parallel computation resources better than existing tools, resulting in important reductions of processing time and memory usage, hence enabling an efficient and fast exploration of large datasets.ConclusionsPaCBAM is a fast and scalable tool designed to process genomic regions from NGS data files and generate coverage and pileup comprehensive statistics for downstream analysis. The tool can be easily integrated in NGS processing pipelines and is available from Bitbucket and Docker/Singularity hubs.
Understanding the interaction between human genome regulatory elements and transcription factors is fundamental to elucidate the structure of gene regulatory networks. Here we present CONREL, a web application that allows for the exploration of functionally annotated transcriptional ‘consensus’ regulatory elements at different levels of abstraction. CONREL provides an extensive collection of consensus promoters, enhancers and active enhancers for 198 cell-lines across 38 tissue types, which are also combined to provide global consensuses. In addition, 1000 Genomes Project genotype data and the ‘total binding affinity’ of thousands of transcription factor binding motifs at genomic regulatory elements is fully combined and exploited to characterize and annotate functional properties of our collection. Comparison with other available resources highlights the strengths and advantages of CONREL. CONREL can be used to explore genomic loci, specific genes or genomic regions of interest across different cell lines and tissue types. The resource is freely available at https://bcglab.cibio.unitn.it/conrel.
In the last years, many studies were able to identify associations between common genetic variants and complex diseases. However, the mechanistic biological links explaining these associations are still mostly unknown. Common variants are usually associated with a relatively small effect size, suggesting that interactions among multiple variants might be a major genetic component of complex diseases. Hence, elucidating the presence of functional relations among variants may be fundamental to identify putative variants’ interactions. To this aim, we developed Polympact, a web-based resource that allows to explore functional relations among human common variants by exploiting variants’ functional element landscape, their impact on transcription factor binding motifs, and their effect on transcript levels of protein-coding genes. Polympact characterizes over 18 million common variants and allows to explore putative relations by combining clustering analysis and innovative similarity and interaction network models. The properties of the network models were studied and the utility of Polympact was demonstrated by analysing the rich sets of Breast Cancer and Alzheimer's GWAS variants. We identified relations among multiple variants, suggesting putative interactions. Polympact is freely available at bcglab.cibio.unitn.it/polympact.
Summary Few studies have explored the association between SNPs and alterations in mRNA translation potential. We developed an approach to identify SNPs that can mark allele-specific protein expression levels and could represent sources of inter-individual variation in disease risk. Using MCF7 cells under different treatments, we performed polysomal profiling followed by RNA sequencing of total or polysome-associated mRNA fractions and designed a computational approach to identify SNPs showing a significant change in the allelic balance between total and polysomal mRNA fractions. We identified 147 SNPs, 39 of which located in UTRs. Allele-specific differences at the translation level were confirmed in transfected MCF7 cells by reporter assays. Exploiting breast cancer data from TCGA we identified UTR SNPs demonstrating distinct prognosis features and altering binding sites of RNA-binding proteins. Our approach produced a catalog of tranSNPs , a class of functional SNPs associated with allele-specific translation and potentially endowed with prognostic value for disease risk.
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.
334 Leonard St
Brooklyn, NY 11211
Copyright © 2023 scite Inc. All rights reserved.
Made with 💙 for researchers