Xuegang Wang, candidate for the degree of Master of Applied Science in Computer Science, has presented a thesis titled, A Dynamic Stage-Based Fraud Monitoring Framework for Multiple Live Auctions, in an oral examination held on April 21, 2016. The following committee members have found the thesis acceptable in form and content, and that the candidate demonstrated satisfactory knowledge of the subject material.
Online auctions have become one of the most convenient ways to commit fraud due to a large amount of money being traded every day. Shill bidding is the predominant form of auction fraud, and it is also the most difficult to detect because it so closely resembles normal bidding behavior. Furthermore, shill bidding does not leave behind any apparent evidence, and it is relatively easy to use to cheat innocent buyers. Our goal is to develop a classification model that is capable of efficiently differentiating between legitimate bidders and shill bidders. For our study, we employ an actual training dataset, but the data are unlabeled. First, we properly label the shill bidding samples by combining a robust hierarchical clustering technique and a semi-automated labeling approach. Since shill bidding datasets are imbalanced, we assess advanced over-sampling, under-sampling and hybrid-sampling methods and compare their performances based on several classification algorithms. The optimal shill bidding classifier displays high detection and low misclassification rates of fraudulent activities.
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.