The scoring system developed appears to improve the sensitivity of assessment of reactions induced by DBPCFC. This is the first prospective study showing an association between PsIgE levels and clinical reactivity in DBPCFC, an effect that is more pronounced in non-asthmatics. This finding has important implications for the clinical care of subjects with food allergy. There is a poor correlation between the severity of reported reactions in the community and the severity of reaction elicited during low-dose DBPCFC with peanut.
Allergy to kiwi fruit was first described in 1981, and there have since been reports of the allergy presenting with a wide range of symptoms from localized oral allergy syndrome (OAS) to life-threatening anaphylaxis. The article reviews the available information concerning the clinical features of kiwi fruit allergy and the role of clinical investigations for diagnosis. Work identifying the major allergens in kiwi fruit has resulted in conflicting results, the possible reasons for which are discussed. The clinical associations of kiwi fruit allergy with allergies to pollens or latex are reviewed.
Promiscuity of IgE binding appears more important than the recognition of individual proteins. This may mean that clinically useful specific immunotherapy for peanut allergy will be difficult to achieve if only selected allergenic proteins are used. Further investigation of Ara h 1 and 3/4 subunits and a possible association with symptom severity are also highlighted by this study.
Serum OVA IgG concentration reflects egg consumption, thereby indicating dietary allergen doses to which the developing immune system might be exposed. Trans-placental maternal IgG must be considered among early life factors that regulate infant atopic programming.
The role of antibody avidity in allergy is poorly understood and there is no existing literature describing antibody avidity in food allergy. The main aim of this study was to investigate IgE and IgG avidity to a total peanut protein extract (TPPE) and purified Ara h 2 in a group of well-characterized peanut allergic individuals. Forty peanut allergic patients underwent a double-blind placebo-controlled low-dose peanut challenge, during which the severity of the patients' peanut allergy was scored. Serum peanut-specific IgE (psIgE) and IgG (psIgG) concentrations were measured for 37 individuals and the avidities of the same antibodies to a TPPE and purified Ara h 2 were determined using a thiocyanate ELISA method. Both IgE and IgG avidity to Ara h 2 showed weak positive correlations with challenge score [r = 0.459 (p = 0.012) and r = 0.486 (p = 0.003), respectively]. IgE avidity to TPPE showed a weak positive correlation with skin prick test results (SPT), r = 0.467 (p = 0.004) and there was an inverse relationship between the ratio of total IgE:psIgE and challenge score r = -0.561 (p < 0.001). No significant relationship was found between the ratios of IgE avidity:IgG avidity and challenge score or SPT. This is the first description of IgE and IgG avidity in peanut allergy, and it appears that the avidities of IgE and IgG antibodies to purified Ara h 2 are weakly related to the severity of peanut allergy (as measured by a challenge score).
Actinidia chinensis (gold kiwi) is a newly available fruit which has been shown to have in vitro immunoglobulin E (IgE) cross-reactivity with green kiwi. This is the first study to investigate clinical reactivity of gold kiwi. Five patients clinically allergic to green kiwi were investigated by skin test and double-blind placebo controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) with gold kiwi fruit. IgE-binding patterns of individual sera from the five challenged patients and a pool of sera from a further nine patients with kiwi allergy were compared in the two fruits by Western blotting. Cross reactivity of proteins in the two fruits was assessed by inhibition of immunoblots and by IgE enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) inhibition. Four of the five patients had a positive DBPCFC to gold kiwi. Western blotting showed marked differences in the allergen patterns of green and gold kiwi. However, inhibition of the immunoblots and ELISA assay reveals extensive inhibition of IgE binding to proteins in each fruit by the alternative species. Gold kiwi fruit is allergenic and patients allergic to green kiwi are at risk of reacting to the gold kiwi fruit. Despite having different protein profiles and IgE-binding patterns, the two species have proteins that extensively cross-inhibit the binding to IgE.
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.