-Vein of Galen aneurysm is a rare pathology, representing less than 1% of intracranial vascular malformations. We report on a 65 years-old man who experienced a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. Brain imaging showed a large calcified expanding mass in the pineal region, confirming the diagnosis of a vein of Galen aneurysm. Because of the spontaneous thrombosis of the malformation, there was no need for microsurgical or endovascular treatment and he is been regularly followed since that.KEY WORDS: vein of Galen aneurysm, vein of Galen malformation, cerebral vein, congenital vascular malformation. Aneurisma da veia de Galeno em adulto: relato de casoRESUMO -Aneurisma da veia de Galeno é patologia rara, representando menos de 1% das malformações vasculares intracranianas. Apresentamos o caso de um homem de 65 anos que teve episódio de crise convulsiva tônico-clônica generalizada. Exames de imagem evidenciaram grande processo expansivo calcificado na região pineal, confirmando o diagnóstico de aneurisma trombosado de veia de Galeno. Devido à trombose espontânea da malformação, foi excluída a possibilidade de tratamento endovascular bem como microcirúrgico, mantendo-se o acompanhamento clínico. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: aneurisma da veia de Galeno, mal-formação da veia de Galeno, veias cerebrais, malformação vascular congênita.Vein of Galen aneurysm (VGA) is a rare vascular malformation representing less than 1% of vascular intracranial abnormalities. It is a congenital process frequently detected between the 6 th and 11 th months of gestational age 1 , during early childhood or neonatal period 2 . This finding in adult age is very rare, presenting or not symptoms throughout childhood 3 . Clinical manifestations can present at any age in the form of heart failure, delayed neuropsychomotor development, hydrocephalus and seizures 4 .We describe a case of VGA reporting clinical symptoms, radiological findings and management relating to current published literature. CASEA 65 year-old man was brought to the emergency room at the University Hospital of the Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná, Brazil because of generalized tonic-clonic seizures. On admission, he was treated with anticonvulsant therapy for status epilepticus. Past medical history was significant for treated high blood pressure and heart failure diagnosed late in life. Also significant for an episode of ischemic cerebrovascular disease two years before, resulting in left hemiparesis. During childhood and adult life there was no neuropsycomotor development delay, no signs of cardiopathy, no neurological signs or symptoms as well as no history of epilepsy.CT scan showed a calcified expanding process in the pineal region (Fig 1). MRI showed a heterogenic roundshaped mass localized in the supra-vermian cistern with dimensions of 35x32x30 mm showing high signal in T2-weight imaging (Fig 2). The MRI images were suggestive of a thrombosed VGA. Cerebral angiography showed a thrombosed VGA also (Fig 3).Considering the fact that the aneurysm was already thrombosed ...
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.
334 Leonard St
Brooklyn, NY 11211
Copyright © 2023 scite Inc. All rights reserved.
Made with 💙 for researchers