Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) causes systemic vascular inflammation. The increased risk of venous as well as arterial thromboembolic phenomena in IBD is well established. More recently, a relationship between IBD and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) has been postulated. Systemic inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus, have well characterized cardiac pathologies and treatments that focus on prevention of disease associated ASCVD. The impact of chronic inflammation on ASCVD in IBD remains poorly characterized. This manuscript aims to review and summarize the current literature pertaining to IBD and ASCVD with respect to its pathophysiology and impact of medications in order to encourage further research that can improve understanding and help develop clinical recommendations for prevention and management of ASCVD in patients with IBD.
Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) is a benign cystic lesion that grows in the pancreatic ductal system. While the risk for undergoing malignant transformation is dependent on a number of factors, the risk is certainly present, differentiating it from other cystic lesions of the pancreas. Additionally, IMPN is to be starkly contrasted with adenocarcinoma of the pancreas, which is by nature malignant. There are numerous ways to detect IPMN, which is helpful, as a patient may be initially asymptomatic at presentation. Prognosis varies depending upon the malignant potential of the lesion at hand. Surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment in patients with a high probability of malignancy potential. What once was a very confusing diagnosis is now becoming defined based on new literature. The goal of this manuscript is to compile the literature on IPMNs in a clear and precise way as to educate clinicians as to the nature of this increasingly prevalent disease.
Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) cause altered flow dynamics that may result in complications such as stroke, pump thrombosis, bleeding, or aortic regurgitation. Understanding altered flow dynamics is important in order to develop more efficient and durable pump configurations. In patients with LVAD, hemodynamic assessment is limited to imaging techniques such as echocardiography which precludes detailed assessment of fluid dynamics. In this review article, we present some innovative modeling techniques that are often used in device development or for research purposes, but have not been utilized clinically. Computational fluid dynamic (CFD) modeling is based on computer simulations and particle image velocimetry (PIV) employs ex vivo models that helps study fluid characteristics such as pressure, shear stress, and velocity. Both techniques may help elaborate our understanding of complications that occur with LVAD and could be potentially used in the future to troubleshoot LVAD-related alarms. These techniques coupled with 3D printing may also allow for patient-specific device implants, lowering the risk of complications increasing device durability.
Leptospirosis often takes clinicians by surprise when presenting in urban locations with unusual manifestations. This delays diagnosis and treatment which increases mortality rate. Our case illustrates the importance of taking into account the socioeconomic backgrounds, environmental exposures, and clinical presentations of patients to create a good differential diagnosis.
Introduction Although once very uncommon, multiple primary malignant neoplasms (MPMN) are becoming an increasingly popular subject in medical literature. With 182,000 new diagnoses per annum, breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer amongst women in the United States. Colorectal cancer remains the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in females, and the third in males worldwide. Methods In order to gather literature on synchronous and metachronous occurring breast and colon cancer, we searched PubMed using keywords such as 'colorectal cancer', 'breast cancer', and 'MPMN'. We searched through case reports, case series, clinical trials, letters to the editor, and retrospective series. We included any manuscript in English published between January 1990 and January 2019. The articles featured patients who had primary colorectal cancer with primary breast cancer. Articles featuring patients with more than two malignancies or malignancies other than colorectal and breast cancer were excluded. Furthermore, any metastatic cancers were excluded as well. This narrowed our search down from over 100 manuscripts to just four. Results Fortunately, the prognosis was found to be no different for these patients with MPMN assuming diagnosis and treatment are performed in a timely fashion. Additionally, it appears that although a patient with one primary cancer is at a greater risk for the development of a second cancer, it is still an odd phenomenon and thus an unlikely occurrence. Conclusion Detection of one cancer increases the odds of detecting another cancer. Hence, it is important to consider the possibility of a synchronous tumor in a patient with a newly diagnosed colon tumor, as well as to not only consider disease recurrence when following up post-resection.
Heart failure accounts for 1-2% of overall healthcare costs. While the link between re-hospitalization and mortality is unclear, care pathways that standardize inpatient management and establish outpatient followup improve patient outcomes and reduce morbidity. AimTo implement a comprehensive interdisciplinary care pathway for heart failure patients with the goal of optimizing inpatient management and improving transitions of care. MethodsTo address this clinical need, New York-Presbyterian Brooklyn Methodist Hospital (NYP-BMH) identified resources needed to optimize patient care, developed an inpatient admission order set (so-called "power plan"), and implemented a multidisciplinary clinical care pathway. The Plan-Do-Study-Act cycle addressed the implementation obstacles. Interdisciplinary rounds guided day-to-day management and addressed barriers. Our team developed a sustainable care pathway, and measured the utilization of pharmacy, nutrition, physical therapy, case management, and social work resources; outpatient appointments were made prior to discharge. We used the Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence (SQUIRE) 2.0 guidelines to guide our planning and evaluation of this quality improvement initiative. ResultsOur intervention markedly increased the number of heart failure hospitalizations that were identified on admission, and the use of pharmacy/nutrition services was greater after the intervention. The utilization of our "power plan" promoted adherence to a series of evidence-based best practices, but these measures had no significant impact on readmissions as a whole. The involvement of the case management support team increased outpatient appointments made for patients prior to discharge and aided in the transition of care from inpatient to outpatient management. ConclusionThe management of heart failure patients starts in the hospital and continues in the community. Patients who are treated in a standardized dedicated care pathway have reduced morbidity and better outcomes. Identifying these patients early, involving a comprehensive team, and transitioning their care to the outpatient setting improves the quality of care in these patients.
Covid-19 pandemic brought many changes in our lives and lead us to find new ways of didactic teaching. Social distancing has forced us to create new methods of learning. Social media use is pervasive. It is not just a means to connect with others, engage with news content, share information, and provide entertainment; it is also a platform to learn. The use of social media in medical education has increased with trainees, practitioners, and educators adopting these communication tools to facilitate learning, practice improvement, and knowledge translation . Resident doctors at a University-affiliated hospital started a project of interpreting EKG using "WhatsApp" to provide an on-demand and dynamic platform to residents where they can ask questions about EKGs and collaborate to learn from peers and experts. The experience revealed that residents could participate in this learning exercise at their leisure while not constrained by their patient-care requirements. While social media cannot replace traditional teaching, it can be used as a supplemental tool to empower the students to get the skills they need to succeed. Such experiments are successful with Twitter, YouTube and other platforms also. In recent times COVID forced us to use distance learning using Zoom, WebEx or similar platforms.
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.
334 Leonard St
Brooklyn, NY 11211
Copyright © 2023 scite Inc. All rights reserved.
Made with 💙 for researchers