Introduction: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) caused by infection caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), it is characterized by severe and progressive impairment of cellular immunity, leading to opportunistic infections and neoplasms. Objective: Estimate the frequency of ophthalmologic complications in a cluster of patients with HIV-AIDS. Method: A descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted in patients with HIV-AIDS in the municipality of Santiago de Cuba, in order to estimate the frequency of the occurrence of ophthalmic complications, according to selected variables. a sample of 24 patients was selected through a random sampling, epidemiological and clinical variables were used as criteria expert. Results:The predominant sex was male and the age group most epidemiological connotation was that of 25-34 years to 29.2%. There was a high frequency of ophthalmologic complications, with 20 patients representing 75%, with higher prevalence of retinopathy HIV, with 13 patients. Conclusion: AIDS remains a health problem estimated changes in their appearance in terms of age and sex, with a higher number of men, being non-negligible way ophthalmologic complications, especially those produced by microangiopathic vascular involvement.
to moderate to severe cognitive deterioration and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) presenting sensitive criteria to mild cognitive deterioration. The maximum score of both tests is thirty points. The test is positive when the score is lower than 27 points in MMSE and 26 in MoCA. Results: At the study we analyzed patients in ages between five and twenty eight years old. The results of the applied tests were in mean 27.2 for MMSE and in mean 18.3 for MoCA whereas the score in delayed recall was 1.3 in mean and 2.7 in visuoperception.
Conclusion:The study has shown that the average performance of the DMD patients was lower than the expected, which may indicate a possible cognitive disorder, especially by the MoCA test. It was noticed that the lowest score was at delayed recall and visuoperception.
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