Two RBMK-1500 water-cooled graphite-moderated channel-type power reactors at the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant (INPP) are under decommissioning now. The total mass of irradiated graphite in the cores of both units is more than 3600 tons. The main source of uncertainty in the numerical assessment of graphite activity is the uncertainty of the initial impurities content in graphite. Nitrogen is one of the most important impurities, having a large neutron capture cross-section. This impurity may become the dominant source of C-14 production. RBMK reactors graphite stacks operate in the cooling mixture of helium-nitrogen gases and this may additionally increase the quantity of the nitrogen impurity. In this paper the results of the numerical modelling of graphite activation for the INPP Unit 1 reactor are presented. In order to evaluate the C-14 activity dependence on the nitrogen impurity content, several cases with different nitrogen content were modelled taking into account initial nitrogen impurity quantities in the graphite matrix and possible nitrogen quantities entrapped in the graphite pores from cooling gases.
The fire hazard analysis methodology and main results of Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant RBMK-1500 type reactor's systems and rooms with safety elements and also rooms adjacent to main rooms and other fire hazardous rooms are presented. In total this concerns about 2100 rooms in the control area of one Unit, where the fire could influence nuclear safety of the power plant. For this purpose the decision-making computerized system FIRE-INPP was developed. It includes modules for recording necessary information, data processing, analysis and assessment on compliance of rooms at Ignalina NPP with national fire safety requirements and international recommendations regarding fire hazard. Screening algorithms and decision-making module are the basis for the decision-making computerized system, that allows to perform unambiguous, reliable and fast fire hazard analysis and give recommendations to ensure fire safety adequacy.
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