Background:Cutaneous leiomyomas are benign smooth muscle tumors that comprise three distinct types such as piloleimyoma, angioleiomyoma, and genital leiomyoma.Aim:The objective of this study was to report a series of cases seen in last 8 years in a tertiary care hospital in north India and to discuss their clinicopathologic findings.Material and Methods:Paraffin-embedded blocks of cases reported as cutaneous leiomyoma from 1999 to 2007 were retrieved from the Institute of Pathology, New Delhi, and their clinical parameters were noted. Their histopathological features were reviewed on hematoxylin-eosin stained slides. Immunohistochemistry was performed where necessary.Results:Twenty-seven cases of piloleiomyoma, three cases of angioleiomyoma, five breast leiomyomas, and two scrotal leiomyomas were seen in patients ranging from 21 to 65 years of age, with an average of 38.2 years at presentation. There was a male predominance with 26 males and 11 females (M:F = 2.2:1). Solitary lesions (n = 21) were more common than multiple ( n = 16). The trunk and upper limbs were involved most commonly, comprising 23 of 37 (62.2%) cases. This was followed by lower limb, face, breast, and scrotum.Conclusion:Cutaneous leiomyomas are rare lesions and form an important clinical differential diagnosis of painful papulonodules. These must be biopsied in order to differentiate them from other spindle cell lesions.
A 28-year-old man presented with a partially eroded growth on the back of his right thigh for the last 15 years. Tuberculosis verrucosa cutis and pyogenic granuloma were suspected on clinical examination. Histopathological examination revealed syringocystadenoma papilliferum (SCAP). SCAP is rare on the thigh and a review of the English literature revealed eight cases. Non-descript clinical presentation in an unusual location and the rare linear and segmental variants lead to misdiagnosis. Onset at puberty should alert one to the possibility of the unusual location of SCAP.
Erythema nodosum migrans (subacute nodular migratory panniculitis) is an uncommon type of panniculitis characterized by migrating subcutaneous nodules or plaque on the lower extremity. There are a very few cases of Erythema nodosum migrans reported and thus its appropriate treatment modality is not defined. We describe a case of a 30-year-old male with idiopathic erythema nodosum migrans which was manifest centrifugally spreading, slightly morpheaform erythematous plaque on the lower left leg. The patient was diagnosed initially and treated as a case of furunculosis with poor clinical response. The skin biopsy showed features consistent with subacute nodular panniculitis. Saturated Solution of Potassium Iodide along with topical Heparin successfully treated the patient, when the conventional treatment modalities failed. In a morpheaform centrifugally expanded plaque, erythema nodosum migrans should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis, especially in the lower extremities in cases of unknown etiology.
The cytological diagnosis of sebaceous carcinoma is based on the aspiration of tumor lobules with extensive sebaceous differentiation. However, these tumors may show a spectrum of cells ranging from basaloid to well-differentiated sebaceous. Extraocular sebaceous carcinoma is an uncommon tumor. An occult primary at initial presentation has not been described previously. A 60-yr old woman was referred to the fine-needle aspiration (FNA) clinic with a submandibular mass. The cytological diagnosis was mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Histopathologically, it was a sebaceous carcinoma metastatic to the submandibular lymph node. No primary tumor was identified. Six months later, she presented with a nodule at the angle of her mouth and a recurrence of the submandibular swelling. FNA cytology (FNAC) and histopathologic examination revealed a primary cutaneous sebaceous carcinoma with submandibular lymph node metastasis. A metastatic sebaceous carcinoma in the submandibular region with limited sebaceous differentiation and occult primary is another pitfall in the cytomorphological diagnosis of mucoepidermoid carcinoma.
THz pulses are generated from femtosecond pulse-excited ferromagnetic/nonmagnetic spintronic heterostructures via inverse spin Hall effect. The highest possible THz signal strength from spintronic THz emitters is limited by the optical damage threshold of the corresponding heterostructures at the excitation wavelength. For the thickness-optimized spintronic heterostructure, the THz generation efficiency does not saturate with the excitation fluence even up till the damage threshold. Bilayer (Fe, CoFeB)/(Pt, Ta)-based ferromagnetic/nonmagnetic (FM/NM) spintronic heterostructures have been studied for an optimized performance for THz generation when pumped by sub-50 fs amplified laser pulses at 800 nm. Among them, CoFeB/Pt is the best combination for an efficient THz source. The optimized FM/NM spintronic heterostructure having α-phase Ta as the nonmagnetic layer shows the highest damage threshold as compared to those with Pt, irrespective of their generation efficiency. The damage threshold of the Fe/Ta heterostructure on a quartz substrate is ∼85 GW/cm
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