When dealing with precision in tolerancing of assembly systems, the modelling complexity of the mechanism increases. At first, one can distinguish the ID tolerancing approach that only concerns variations of dimension. Then, several models are defined to set 3D tolerances, considering that the form error is negligible compared to the orientational and translational variations. Finally, some approaches are proposed to take into account the form variations in the tolerancing of mechanisms. However, some modelling approaches considers the form error as a tolerance zone to add to the 3D tolerances as defined by Rule#l of the ASME standard, or ISO 8015. This paper proposes another point of view, considering the positioning of parts through contact points of their rigid deviation shapes under a defined assembly force and set-up. Rather than considering the positioning of a single part, here is proposed an approach of batch parts assembly by a statistical description of shapes. The result of the method is a statistical positioning error of one part on the other considering the form deviations of parts.
International audienceTolerancing of assembly mechanisms is a major interest in the product life cycle. One can distinguish several models with growing complexity, from 1-dimensional (1D) to 3-dimensional (3D) (including form deviations), and two main tolerancing assumptions, the worst case and the statistical hypothesis. This paper presents an approach to 3D statistical tolerancing using a new acceptance criterion. Our approach is based on the 1D inertial acceptance criterion that is extended to 3D and form acceptance. The modal characterisation is used to describe the form deviation of a geometry as the combination of elementary deviations (location, orientation and form). The proposed 3D statistical tolerancing is applied on a simple mechanism with lever arm. It is also compared to the traditional worst-case tolerancing using a tolerance zone
Abstract. Copilot Pro is a method for the initial and regular machine-tools setup, developed by the Symme laboratory of the Savoy University and by the Technical Center of Industries of Screw-machining (Ctdec) in France. Its first step is the organization of the different machining operations, in setup steps, themselves subdivided into measuring steps. The second step consists in determining the manufacturing dimensions to measure at the end of each measuring step. Finally, the third step consists in linking the manufacturing dimensions to both the correctors and the tool-dimensions, in the aim of calculating the corrections that have to be done in function of the deviations measured on the manufacturing dimensions. With this method, the steering of an industrial workpiece is performed with two steering parts instead of ten before.
Ball bearings are complex components where local deformations are the main factor on the global behavior. One problem is the relation between a contact configuration and the load level. When those components are assembled, position errors have important effects on those contact configurations. A rigid ball bearing has very small clearances that give tolerances impossible to achieve. How can the designer write geometric specifications on the assembly taking into account bearing elastic behavior?. We propose a method to identify the limits of those errors according to the ball bearing limits and the clearances. The built model has been compared with industrial references with good accuracy.
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