We report the discovery of four Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs) in the ongoing SUrvey for Pulsars and Extragalactic Radio Bursts (SUPERB) at the Parkes Radio Telescope: FRBs 150610, 151206, 151230 and 160102. Our real-time discoveries have enabled us to conduct extensive, rapid multi-messenger follow-up at 12 major facilities sensitive to radio, optical, X-ray, gamma-ray photons and neutrinos on time scales ranging from an hour to a few months post-burst. No counterparts to the FRBs were found and we provide upper limits on afterglow luminosities. None of the FRBs were seen to repeat. Formal fits to all FRBs show hints of scattering while their intrinsic widths are unresolved in time. FRB 151206 is at low Galactic latitude, FRB 151230 shows a sharp spectral cutoff, and FRB 160102 has the highest dispersion measure (DM = 2596.1±0.3 pc cm −3 ) detected to date. Three of the FRBs have high dispersion measures (DM >1500 pc cm −3 ), favouring a scenario where the DM is dominated by contributions from the Intergalactic Medium. The slope of the Parkes FRB source counts distribution with fluences > 2 Jy ms is α = −2.2 +0.6 −1.2 and still consistent with a Euclidean distribution (α = −3/2). We also find that the all-sky rate is 1.7 +1.5 −0.9 × 10 3 FRBs/(4π sr)/day above ∼ 2 Jy ms and there is currently no strong evidence for a latitude-dependent FRB sky-rate.
We present a search for optical bursts from the repeating fast radio burst FRB 121102 using simultaneous observations with the high-speed optical camera ULTRASPEC on the 2.4-m Thai National Telescope and radio observations with the 100-m Effelsberg Radio Telescope. A total of 13 radio bursts were detected, but we found no evidence for corresponding optical bursts in our 70.7-ms frames. The 5-σ upper limit to the optical flux density during our observations is 0.33 mJy at 767nm. This gives an upper limit for the optical burst fluence of 0.046 Jy ms, which constrains the broadband spectral index of the burst emission to α −0.2. Two of the radio pulses are separated by just 34 ms, which may represent an upper limit on a possible underlying periodicity (a rotation period typical of pulsars), or these pulses may have come from a single emission window that is a small fraction of a possible period.
We report the detection of pulsed gamma-ray emission from the fast millisecond pulsars (MSPs) B1937+21 (also known as J1939+2134) and B1957+20 (J1959+2048) using 18 months of survey data recorded by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) and timing solutions based on radio observations conducted at the Westerbork and Nançay -3radio telescopes. In addition, we analyzed archival RXTE and XMM-Newton X-ray data for the two MSPs, confirming the X-ray emission properties of PSR B1937+21 and finding evidence (∼ 4σ) for pulsed emission from PSR B1957+20 for the first time. In both cases the gamma-ray emission profile is characterized by two peaks separated by half a rotation and are in close alignment with components observed in radio and X-rays. These two pulsars join PSRs J0034−0534 and J2214+3000 to form an emerging class of gamma-ray MSPs with phase-aligned peaks in different energy bands. The modeling of the radio and gamma-ray emission profiles suggests co-located emission regions in the outer magnetosphere.
We report on the discovery of a new fast radio burst, FRB 150215, with the Parkes radio telescope on 2015 February 15. The burst was detected in real time with a dispersion measure (DM) of 1105.6±0.8 pc cm −3 , a pulse duration of 2.8 +1.2 −0.5 ms, and a measured peak flux density assuming the burst was at beam center of 0.7 +0.2 −0.1 Jy. The FRB originated at a Galactic longitude and latitude of 24.66 • , 5.28 • , 25 degrees away from the Galactic Center. The burst was found to be 43±5% linearly polarized with a rotation measure (RM) in the range −9 < RM < 12 rad m −2 (95% confidence level), consistent with zero. The burst was followed-up with 11 telescopes to search for radio, optical, X-ray, γ-ray and neutrino emission. Neither transient nor variable emission was found to be associated with the burst and no repeat pulses have been observed in 17.25 hours of observing. The sightline to the burst is close to the Galactic plane and the observed physical properties of FRB 150215 demonstrate the existence of sight lines of anomalously low RM for a given electron column density. The Galactic RM foreground may approach a null value due to magnetic field reversals along the line of sight, a decreased total electron column density from the Milky Way, or some combination of these effects. A lower Galactic DM contribution might explain why this burst was detectable whereas previous searches at low latitude have had lower detection rates than those out of the plane.
Radio pulsars are often used as clocks in a wide variety of experiments. Imperfections in the clock, known as timing noise, have the potential to reduce the significance of, or even thwart e.g. the attempt to find a stochastic gravitational wave (GW) background. We measure the timing noise in a group of 129 mostly middle-aged pulsars (i.e. characterstic ages near 1 Myr) observed with the Parkes radio telescope on a monthly basis since 2014. We examine four different metrics for timing noise, but it remains unclear which, if any, provides the best determination. In spite of this, it is evident that these pulsars have significantly less timing noise than their younger counterparts, but significantly more than the (much older) millisecond pulsars (MSPs). As with previous authors, we find a strong correlation between timing noise and the pulsar spin-down rate, ν. However, for a given ν there is a spread of about a factor 30 in the strength of the timing noise likely indicating that nuclear conditions in the interior of the stars differs between objects. We briefly comment on the implications for GW detection through pulsar timing arrays as the level of timing noise in MSPs may be less than predicted.
We initiated a long-term with short-intervals monitoring project toward 442 CH3OH masers at 6.7 GHz (Dec > -30 deg) using Hitachi 32-m radio telescope of Japan in Dec 2012. Our observations have been carried out daily, monitoring a spectrum of each source with intervals of 9-10 days. In Sep 2015, the number of the targets sources and intervals were redesigned into 143 and 4-5 days to detect periodic variations with periods shorter than 30 days. We have so far obtained new detections of periodic flux variations in 31 CH3OH sources with periods of 22-409 days. These periodic flux variability with timescale between a few months and a few years must be a unique tool to study high-mass protostars themselves and their circumstellar structures on a tiny spatial scale of 0.1-1 au (∼1.5 x 107-8 km). We will also present the future prospect via monitoring of OH and H2O masers in these periodic sources using 40-m Thai National Radio Telescope that is under construction by NARIT.
Solar radio bursts are important phenomena for studying solar activities such as flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs). A worldwide network is ∼ 90 stations, known as, e-CALLISTO, has been developed such purpose. This CALLISTO spectrometer was installed at Princess Sirindhorn AstroPark, National Astronomical Research Institute of Thailand, Chiangmai, in January 2019. The instrument has been designed for monitoring and collecting the data of solar radio activities at the frequency range between 45 and 870 MHz. In this paper, we report the installation and preliminary measurements of the CALLISTO spectrometer. The data collected will be stored in Radio Astronomy Center of NARIT and transferred to the ETHZ data archive.
This study was aimed to make the neutral hydrogen (HI) mapping and rotation curve of the Milky Way at galactic longitude 0° to 90° in the galactic plane by using the 4.5 m Small Radio Telescope (SRT) of National Astronomical Research Institute of Thailand (NARIT) and the 2.3 m Onsala radio telescope. The HI spectra at wavelength of 21 cm can be used to analyze the dynamical properties of the Milky Way with Gaussian fitting software, which was developed by using Python programming language. SalsaJ is another free astronomical software which was also used in this study by analyzing the Gaussian spectra of the Onsala radio telescope. For making sure the performance of developed software, therefore, it will be tested between their observation spectra of NARIT 4.5 m SRT and the Onsala radio telescope together with the public international archive. The results showed that the positions of HI are distributed in a spiral - arms shape and the rotation curve is constant at the galactic distance (R) > 3 kpc. The spherical mass distribution (in terms of the surface mass density) was approximated by directly using rotation curve. Our results are in good agreement with the standard values.
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