Abstract-With the rapid development of various multimedia technologies, more and more multimedia data are generated and transmitted in the medical, commercial, and military fields, which may include some sensitive information which should not be accessed by or can only be partially exposed to the general users. Therefore, security and privacy has become an important. Over the last few years several encryption algorithms have applied to secure video transmission. While a large number of multimedia encryption schemes have been proposed in the literature and some have been used in real products, cryptanalytic work has shown the existence of security problems and other weaknesses in most of the proposed multimedia encryption schemes. In this paper, a description and comparison between encryption methods and representative video algorithms were presented. With respect not only to their encryption speed but also their security level and stream size. A trade-off between quality of video streaming and choice of encryption algorithm were shown. Achieving an efficiency, flexibility and security is a challenge of researchers.
Handoff management is an indispensable component in supporting network mobility. The handoff situation raises while the Mobile Router (MR) or Mobile Node (MN) crosses the different wireless communication access technologies. At the time of inter technology handoff the multiple interface based MR can accomplish multihoming features such as enhanced availability, traffic load balancing with seamless flow distribution. These multihoming topographies greatly responsible reducing network delays during inter technology handoff. This article proposes a multihoming based Mobility management in Proxy NEMO (MM-PNEMO) scheme that considers benefits of using multiple interfaces. To support the proposed scheme design a numerical framework is developed that will be used to assess the performance of the proposed MM-PNEMO scheme. The performance is evaluated in the state-of-art numerical simulation approach focusing the key success metrics of signalling cost and packet delivery cost, that eventually scaling the total handoff cost. The numerical simulation result shows that the proposed MM-PENMO delightedly reduces the average handoff cost to 60% compared to existing NEMO Basic support protocol (NEMO-BSP) and PNEMO.
Problem statement: The social demands for the Quality Of Life (QOL) are increasing with the exponentially expanding silver generation. To improve the QOL of the disabled and elderly people, robotic researchers and biomedical engineers have been trying to combine their techniques into the rehabilitation systems. Various biomedical signals (biosignals) acquired from a specialized tissue, organ, or cell system like the nervous system are the driving force for the entire system. Examples of biosignals include Electro-Encephalogram (EEG), Electrooculogram (EOG), Electroneurogram (ENG) and (EMG). Approach: Among the biosignals, the research on EMG signal processing and controlling is currently expanding in various directions. EMG signal based research is ongoing for the development of simple, robust, user friendly, efficient interfacing devices/systems for the disabled. The advancement can be observed in the area of robotic devices, prosthesis limb, exoskeleton, wearable computer, I/O for virtual reality games and physical exercise equipments. An EMG signal based graphical controller or interfacing system enables the physically disabled to use word processing programs, other personal computer software and internet. Results: Depending on the application, the acquired and processed signals need to be classified for interpreting into mechanical force or machine/computer command. Conclusion: This study focused on the advances and improvements on different methodologies used for EMG signal classification with their efficiency, flexibility and applications. This review will be beneficial to the EMG signal researchers as a reference and comparison study of EMG classifier. For the development of robust, flexible and efficient applications, this study opened a pathway to the researchers in performing future comparative studies between different EMG classification methods
Abstract-Multimedia information availability has increased dramatically with the advent of mobile devices. But with this availability comes problems of maintaining the security of information that is displayed in public. Many approaches have been used or proposed for providing security for information dissemination over networks, protection system classified with more specific as encryption information, and combination between video compression and encryption to increase information security. The strength of the combination between Video compression and encryption science is due to the nonexistence of standard algorithms to be used in video compression and encrypting secret video stream. Also there are many ways could be used in video encryption methods such as combining several different encryption methods with video compression to pass a secret video streaming. Furthermore, there is no formal method to be followed to discover an encrypted video. For this reason, the task of this paper becomes difficult. In this paper proposed a new system of video encryption is presented. The proposed system aim to gain a deep understanding of video data security on multimedia technologies, to investigate how encryption and decryption could be implemented for real time video applications, and to enhance the selective encryption for H.264/AVC. The system includes two main functions; first is the encoding/encryption of video stream, through the execution of two processes (the input sequences of video is first compressed by the H.264/AVC encoder, and the encoded bit stream (I-frame) is partially encrypted using AES block cipher). And the second function is the decryption/decoding of the encrypted video through two process (specify the encrypted I-frame stream, decryption of the I-frame, and decoding with H.264/AVC decoder). The system is implemented by using Matlab.
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.