An ab-initio-based methodological scheme for He-surface interactions and zero-temperature time-dependent density functional theory for superfluid (4)He droplets motion are combined to follow the short-time collision dynamics of the Au@(4)He300 system with the TiO2(110) surface. This composite approach demonstrates the (4)He droplet-assisted sticking of the metal species to the surface at low landing energy (below 0.15 eV/atom), thus providing the first theoretical evidence of the experimentally observed (4)He droplet-mediated soft-landing deposition of metal nanoparticles on solid surfaces [Mozhayskiy et al., J. Chem. Phys. 127, 094701 (2007) and Loginov et al., J. Phys. Chem. A 115, 7199 (2011)].
To study the hydrogen isotope effects in a series of diatomic molecules and water dimers we have created the any particle molecular orbital computer package (APMO). The current version of the APMO code is an implementation of the nuclear orbital and molecular orbital approaches (NMO) at the Hartree-Fock level of theory. We have applied the APMO code to a variety of systems to elucidate the isotope effects on electronic wave functions, geometries and hydrogen bonds. We have studied the isotope effect on the dipole moments, electron densities and geometries of hydrogen molecule, lithium hydride and hydrogen fluoride and we have observed a reduction in the bond distance as the mass of the hydrogen isotopes is increased. This observation is in agreement with experimental data. We have also studied the primary and secondary isotope effects on the hydrogen bond of water dimers and we have observed that the hydrogen-bond becomes weaker as the mass of the bonded hydrogen is increased. This trend has been observed by other authors. In contrast, the hydrogen bond becomes stronger when the mass of secondary hydrogens is increased. Our trends for secondary effects are in agreement with other theoretical and experimental studies. To our knowledge these are the first reported results on the secondary isotope effect on the hydrogen bond of water dimers using a NMO method. The applications presented in this paper demonstrate that the APMO code is highly suitable for the investigation of isotope effects in molecular systems containing a variety of quantum nuclei.
[b] LOWDIN is a computational program that implements the Any Particle Molecular Orbital (APMO) method. The current version of the code encompasses Hartree-Fock, second-order Mïller-Plesset, configuration interaction, density functional, and generalized propagator theories. LOWDIN input file offers a unique flexibility, allowing users to exploit all the programs' capabilities to study systems containing any type and number of quantum species. This review provides a basic introduction to LOWDIN's key computational details and capabilities.
This paper is the first of a two-part series dealing with quantum-mechanical (density-functionalbased) studies of helium-mediated deposition of catalytic species on the rutile TiO 2 (110)-(1×1) surface. The interaction of helium with the TiO 2 (110)-(1×1) surface is first evaluated using the Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof functional at a numerical grid dense enough to build an analytical three-dimensional potential energy surface. Three (two prototype) potential models for the He-surface interaction in helium scattering calculations are analyzed to build the analytical potential energy surface: (1) the hard-corrugated-wall potential model; (2) the corrugated-Morse potential model; and (3) the threedimensional Morse potential model. Different model potentials are then used to study the dynamics upon collision of a 4 He 300 cluster with the TiO 2 (110) surface at zero temperature within the framework of a time-dependent density-functional approach for the quantum fluid [D. Mateo, D. Jin, M. Barranco, and M. Pi, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 044507 (2011)] and classical dynamics calculations. The laterally averaged density functional theory-based potential with an added long-range dispersion interaction term is further applied. At variance with classical dynamics calculations, showing helium droplet splashing out of the surface at impact, the time evolution of the macroscopic helium wavefunction predicts that the helium droplet spreads on the rutile surface and leads to the formation of a thin film above the substrate. This work thus provides a basis for simulating helium mediated deposition of metallic clusters embedded within helium nanodroplets.
In this work we introduce a graph theoretical method to compare MEPs, which is independent of molecular alignment. It is based on the edit distance of weighted rooted trees, which encode the geometrical and topological information of Negative Molecular Isopotential Surfaces. A meaningful chemical classification of a set of 46 molecules with different functional groups was achieved. Structure--activity relationships for the corticosteroid binding affinity (CBG) of 31 steroids by means of hierarchical clustering resulted in a clear partitioning in high, intermediate, and low activity groups, whereas the results from quantitative structure--activity relationships, obtained from a partial least-squares analysis, showed comparable or better cross-validated correlation coefficients than the ones reported for previous methods based solely in the MEP.
The Microcanonical Metropolis Monte Carlo method, based on a random sampling of the density of states, is revisited for the study of molecular fragmentation in the gas phase (isolated molecules, atomic and molecular clusters, complex biomolecules, etc.). A random walk or uniform random sampling in the configurational space (atomic positions) and a uniform random sampling of the relative orientation, vibrational energy, and chemical composition of the fragments is used to estimate the density of states of the system, which is continuously updated as the random sampling populates individual states. The validity and usefulness of the method is demonstrated by applying it to evaluate the caloric curve of a weakly bound rare gas cluster (Ar), to interpret the fragmentation of highly excited small neutral and singly positively charged carbon clusters (C, n = 5,7,9 and C, n = 4,5) and to simulate the mass spectrum of the acetylene molecule (CH).
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