Objective: To identify movement disorders induced by antipsychotics. Methods: We selected clinical trials from MEDLINE and LILACS databases without publication date restriction. Studies of antipsychotics as a pharmacological intervention, compared or not to other interventions were included (combined treatments were not included). The primary outcome was movement disorders. Two independent reviewers analyzed the studies and summarized them in an electronic spreadsheet. We assessed the quality of the selected studies using the PEDro scale. Results: Five studies were included in this review. In these studies, it was possible to identify the main psychiatric symptoms and their severity, as well as dyskinetic movements. When a reduction in dyskinetic movements was observed in treatments with both atypical and typical antipsychotics, there were adverse effects. Those included excessive sedation, loss of body mass, vomiting, and leukocytopenia. Conclusion: This study verified the findings in literature on the effects of antipsychotics, including the type of medication, dosage, and form of administration, as well as instruments used to assess the outcome related to movement disorders. It was not possible to determine the best therapeutic dose for managing the disorders due to the significant distinction in dosages and medications. All five studies had some effect related to the drug use or its withdrawal.
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.
334 Leonard St
Brooklyn, NY 11211
Copyright © 2023 scite Inc. All rights reserved.
Made with 💙 for researchers