Owing to fuel scarcity and environmental contamination set off by the conventional sources, renewable energy resources rule the world of power generation. Up gradation of energy production through wind farms is being encouraged now-a-days, as the wind power is dirt free, readily available renewable alternative. The integration of wind farms with power grid leads to Power Quality (PQ) issues such as voltage sag, swell, flicker, harmonics etc. Most of the industrial and commercial loads are of non-linear type which indeed the starting place of harmonics. As 70% of PQ problems are voltage sag which is one of the most severe disturbances to sensitive loads. As an outcome of the aforementioned issues both consumer sector and production sector gets affected with poor quality of power which urge PQ enhancement at its best level. Among many of custom power devices, Unified Power Quality Conditioner (UPQC) is the only device used to diminish both voltage sag and current harmonics. This paper analyzes PQ problems, voltage sag and current harmonics due to the interconnection of grid connected wind turbine and also provides PQ enhancement by introducing UPQC. To improve the performance of UPQC, a novel control strategy using Fuzzy Logic Controller (FLC) is proposed which eliminates the drawback of using fixed gains in conventional PI controller. From the simulation results, by comparing controller performance, the proposed fuzzy controlled UPQC provides effective and efficient mitigation of both voltage sag and current harmonics than the conventional PI controlled UPQC , thus making the grid connected wind power system more reliable by providing good quality of power.
Due to the concern with energy emergencies, the energy obtained from the sunlight is considered as the most capable conventional resources. Hence, the maximum power point tracking approach is necessary for obtaining the enhanced efficiency from the solar panels. In the case of direct current (DC) application, the output obtained from the photo-voltaic (PV) array cannot be directly connected to the electronic devices. For regulating the output from the PV array, the DC-DC converter is provided in between the load and the array. The converter design plays a significant role to track the maximum power point of the solar panel. This paper describes the design of three converters, namely the boost, buck-boost and buck converter, along with the fuzzy logic controller. It varies the time for switching ON and OFF of the converter concerning changes in the solar panel power. The result of converter power and solar panel for different irradiation is compared for various DC-DC converters. The fuzzy logic controller is employed in the generation of optimal control pulse for the DC-DC converter. Moreover, in the solar photovoltaic system, the steady-state operation is performed and the various solar irradiance results are analyzed. The proposed approach is compared with the various DC-DC converters like buck-boost converter, buck converter and boost converter to prove the efficiency. Then, the performance analysis of the current, voltage and power of PV is analyzed.
Now-a-days, power generation and utilization became more complicated which further affects the economy of a country. The available non-renewable energy sources that supply the demanded power do not consider environmental challenges like global warming and pollution. This leads to the development of power generation based on Renewable Energy Resources (RES). These RES are connected to the grid through power electronic converters which offer countless power quality issues that must be rectified to deliver a quality power to the end users. The proposed work uses a three phase Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) based Shunt Active Power Filter (SAPF) fed by solar Photo Voltaic (PV) system to eliminate current harmonics at the source side of the grid. The output of the PV system is given to a boost converter along with self–lift single-ended primary-inductor converter (SEPIC) for supplying high voltage gain which is accompanied by a Perturb & Observe Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT).The main objective of this paper is to eliminate the current harmonics at the grid side using SAPF. Also, the proposed SAPF is used for exporting the power generated from PV to the grid. The overall system performance is validated with a help of MATLAB/SIMULINK.
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