Purpose The short- and long-term efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of teduglutide were analyzed in adult Japanese patients with short bowel syndrome and intestinal failure (SBS-IF). Methods Patients received teduglutide 0.05 mg/kg/day in clinical trials (TED-C14-004, SHP633-306, and extension SHP633-307). Data were analyzed at 24 weeks and an interim data cut-off of 4.5 years. Results The parenteral support (PS) volume decreased by ≥ 20% for 9/18 patients at 24 weeks and in all 11 patients by data cut-off in SHP633-307. The mean (standard deviation) PS volume decreased from baseline at 24 weeks in TED-C14-004 (−30.1 ± 25.9%) and SHP633-306 (−25.6 ± 25.5%), and at data cut-off in SHP633-307 (−57.08 ± 28.49%). Teduglutide was absorbed quickly. The adverse events were consistent with the underlying disease and known adverse drug reactions. Anti-teduglutide antibody titers declined with long-term treatment. Conclusions In Japanese adults with SBS-IF, teduglutide treatment was associated with clinically meaningful reductions in PS requirements, similar to findings in prior international studies. No new safety concerns specific to the Japanese SBS-IF patient population were identified with short- or long-term teduglutide treatment. Anti-teduglutide antibody titers disappeared in most Japanese adults with long-term treatment. These results constitute the longest evaluation of teduglutide treatment within clinical trials reported to date.
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