Abstract-This paper presents a passivity-based control (PBC) scheme for the Switched Reluctance Generator (SRG) in smallscale wind energy conversion systems (WECSs) for DC microgrid application. The main objective is to stabilize the output voltage in case the system supplies constant power loads (CPLs) and operates with maximum power point tracking (MPPT). Stability improvement and dc-link ripple reduction in the presence of CPLs is achieved using system level modeling of SRG-based DC microgrid through the Euler-Lagrange system (ELS) from the view point of the machine physical structure. Compared with other control methods, the proposed MPPT method based on passivity-based speed controller employs the back-EMF in the generation process as a position-dependent voltage source to overcome the major challenge of SRG complicated uncertain dynamic model. To deal with the time-varying inductance and back-emf of SRG, an adaptation mechanism is incorporated in proposed adaptive PBC and the control design is constructed by using the Lyapunov theorem where the closed-loop stability is ensured. The effectiveness of the proposed method in avoiding instability effects of SRG and CPL with voltage ripple reduction and precise wind turbine speed tracking is investigated with simulation results and validated with experimental by using a four-phase, 8/6 SRG drive system. Switched Reluctance Generator (SRG); Wind turbine; Passivity-based control; Constant-power load.
Selection of electrical machine is a key issue in electrical and hybrid electrical vehicles (HEVs and EVs). As far as HEVs and EVs are concerned, mechanical ruggedness of electrical machine is of utmost importance. For these reasons, the application of switched reluctance (SR) machine in EVs and HEVs is a viable option. In this study, an SR generator (SRG) has been utilised to work as a battery charger in EVs. The current ripple of the SRG is the greatest issue when it works as a battery charger. Therefore, a power converter and a smart search control (SSC) approach are proposed in this study to decrease the current ripple when the output power has a maximum quantity. During the system operation, the SSC method determines the value of excitation angle, turn-on and turn-off angles for each phase of SRG. The simulation and experimental results demonstrate the eligibility of the SSC system and power converter to obtain the acceptable charging current in maximum generated power during battery charging.
It is known that constant power load (CPL) may cause a negative impedance, which seriously affects the stability of power system. In this paper, a new control algorithm for DC–DC buck converter feeding unknown CPL is proposed. First, under the assumption of known extracted power load, the standard passivity–based control (PBC) is presented to reshape the system energy and compensate for the negative impedance and a proportion‐integration (PI) action around passive output is added to improve disturbance rejection performance, which forms the PBC plus PI (PBC+PI). Then, a parameter estimation algorithm is developed, based on immersion and invariance (I&I) technique, in order to online estimate the extracted power load. In the next step, the online estimation scheme is adopted to construct an adaptive strategy. Finally, the stability analysis of the cascaded system containing a closed‐loop control system and observer error dynamics is conducted. Simulation and experimental results are demonstrated to validate the performance of the proposed controller.
-This paper presents an adaptive control strategy for the speed control of a four-phase switched reluctance motor (SRM) in automotive applications. The main objective is to minimize the torque ripples, despite the unstructured uncertainties, time-varying parameters and external load disturbances. The bound of perturbations is not required to be known in the developing of the proposed adaptive-based control method. In order to achieve a smooth control effort, some properties are incorporated and the proposed control algorithm is constructed using the Lyapunov theorem where the closed-loop stability and robust tracking are ensured. The effectiveness of the proposed controller in rejecting high perturbed load torque with smooth control effort is verified with comparing of an adaptive sliding mode control (ASMC) and validated with experimental results.
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