The purpose of this paper is to study the natural convection and radiation heat transfer inside Nonagon inclined cavity with variable heated source length, which contains a porous medium saturated with nanofluid in the presence of uniform heat generation or absorption under the effect of uniform magnetic field with variable direction. The shape factor of nano particles is taking account for the model of nanofluid.
This study is established in two-dimensional space. The 2D numerical study is effectuated with Comsol Multiphysics based on the on the finite element method. The 2D equation system is exposed on dimensionless form taking into account the boundary conditions.
Results obtained show that the convection heat transfer is ameliorated with the augmentation of heated source length. The convection heat transfer is enhanced by increasing Rayleigh, Darcy numbers and the heated source length; however, it is reduced by rising Hartmann number. The presence of radiation parameter lead to improve the convection heat transfer in the presence of both uniform heat generation/absorption. The average Nusselt number reaches a maximum for an inclination of cavity γ = 45° and a minimum for γ = 60°. Both the increase of the shape factor of nano particles and the solid fraction of nano particles improve the convection heat transfer.
Different studies have been realized to study the heat transfer inside cavity contains porous medium saturated with nanofluid under magnetic field effect. In this work, the Nonagon geometric of cavity studied has never been studied. In addition, the effect of radiation parameter with relation of the shape factor of nanoparticles in the presence of uniform heat generation/absorption on the heat transfer performance have never been investigated. Also, the effect of magnetic field direction with relation of the inclination cavity on heat transfer performance.
The purpose of this paper is to compare the thermal effect between square and circular geometry of light emitting diode (LED) with respect of the same surface for the intent of reducing the junction temperature.
The heat equation is presented in a dimensionless form. To solve it numerically subject to the boundary conditions, the authors realized a three-dimensional code with Comsol Multiphysics.
The model is validated with previously published works. The authors found a good agreement.
New design of heat sink is improved for circular LED and a reduction of 18 per cent of the junction temperature is permitted. The authors study the influence of various parameters: number and length of fins and number and width of splits. New distribution of multichip LED in circular geometry permits to put 42 chips instead of 36 chips with respect of the same surface and pitch and with reduction of the junction temperature by 16 per cent.
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the enhancement of the performance of bubble absorber using hybrid nanofluid as a cooled NH3/H2O absorption system to reduce their size and to find the best fitting model. A numerical model for ammonia-water bubble absorber was developed to show the influence of operating conditions and design parameters on the absorber performance.
A finite difference numerical method is used to solve the numerical model. The model is subjected to the inlet conditions of liquid, vapor and coolant flow regimes. The absorber modeling was divided into small elements along the absorber length.
The model proposed is validated with previously published works. Then agreement between the both is considered as good.
Numerical results/The use of hybrid nanofluids.
The results showed that the hybrid nanofluid is the best cooling medium. Very high heat transfer rates are obtained because of the high thermal conductivity and specific heat of hybrid nanofluid, and consequently, the absorber size decreases. It was also found that the absorber thermal load and the mass absorption flux increase with increasing of solid volume fraction. Also, the existence of an optimal absorber length was revealed, required for complete absorption when using hybrid nanofluid as a cooling medium. It is recommended that using hybrid nanofluid to remove the heat from the absorber is the best candidate for NH3/H2O absorption performance enhancement.
In this paper, a 2D numerical study of natural convection heat transfer in a W-shaped inclined enclosure with a variable aspect ratio was performed. The enclosure contained a porous medium saturated with Ag/Al2O3 hybrid nanofluid in the presence of uniform heat generation or absorption under the effect of a uniform magnetic field. The vertical walls of the enclosure were heated differentially; however, the top and bottom walls were kept insulated. The governing equations were solved with numerical simulation software COMSOL Multiphysics which is based on the finite element method. The results showed that the convection heat transfer was improved with the increase of the aspect ratio; the average Nusselt number reached a maximum for an aspect ratio (AR) = 0.7 and the effect of the inclination was practically negligible for an aspect ratio of AR = 0.7. The maximum heat transfer performance was obtained for an inclination of ω = 15 and the minimum is obtained for ω = 30 . The addition of composite nanoparticles ameliorated the convection heat transfer performance. This effect was proportional to the increase of Rayleigh and Darcy numbers, the aspect ratio and the fraction of Ag in the volumetric fraction of nanoparticles.
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