This paper describes a training experiment performed in the SIMONA Research Simulator at Delft University of Technology to evaluate the effectiveness of peripheral visual cues as a substitute for physical motion feedback during the development of multimodal control skills. Twenty task-naive participants were divided in two experimental groups and performed a skill-based compensatory roll tracking task. Both groups were trained in a fixed-base setting, but one group was provided with additional out-of-the-window peripheral visual (roll rate) cues. After training, participants were transferred to a moving-base condition where pure roll motion cues were provided. The development of skills in both groups throughout the experiment was studied and compared using fits of a multimodal human operator model with an error and a roll feedback response, to explicitly quantify operators' use of all supplied feedbacks. As expected, the group that had access to peripheral visual cues attained better tracking performance during training and showed the development of multimodal control behavior. However, no evident transfer of this developed multimodal control strategy to a motion setting was observed. This suggests that training with peripheral visual cues is not an effective substitute for training the multimodal skills human operators use when motion feedback is available.
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