Objective:to analyze the factors associated with suicidal ideation in a representative sample of university students. Methods:cross-sectional study, carried out with 637 students of the Federal University of Mato Grosso. The presence of suicidal ideation, demographic and socioeconomic variables, use of alcohol through the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test, and depressive symptoms (Major Depression Inventory) were investigated. Bivariate analysis was performed with the Chi-square test and multivariate analysis using the Poisson regression model. Results:it was found that 9.9% of the students had suicidal thoughts in the previous 30 days and, in the bivariate analysis, the variables economic class, sexual orientation, religious practice, suicide attempts in the family and among friends, alcohol consumption and depressive symptoms were associated with suicidal ideation. In the multivariate analysis sexual orientation, suicide attempts in the family and the presence of depressive symptoms remained as associated factors. Conclusion:these findings constitute a situational diagnosis that enables the formulation of academic policies and preventive actions to confront this situation on the university campus.
Traditional knowledge is an important source of obtaining new phytotherapeutic agents. Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants was conducted in Nossa Senhora Aparecida do Chumbo District (NSACD), located in Poconé, Mato Grosso, Brazil using semi-structured questionnaires and interviews. 376 species of medicinal plants belonging to 285 genera and 102 families were cited. Fabaceae (10.2%), Asteraceae (7.82%) and Lamaceae (4.89%) families are of greater importance. Species with the greater relative importance were Himatanthus obovatus (1.87), Hibiscus sabdariffa (1.87), Solidago microglossa (1.80), Strychnos pseudoquina (1.73) and Dorstenia brasiliensis, Scoparia dulcis L., and Luehea divaricata (1.50). The informant consensus factor (ICF) ranged from 0.13 to 0.78 encompassing 18 disease categories,of which 15 had ICF greater than 0.50, with a predominance of disease categories related to injuries, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes (ICF = 0.78) having 65 species cited while 20 species were cited for mental and behavioral disorders (ICF = 0.77). The results show that knowledge about medicinal plants is evenly distributed among the population of NSACD. This population possesses medicinal plants for most disease categories, with the highest concordance for prenatal, mental/behavioral and respiratory problems.
In men, hypertension was independently associated with age, nutritional status, and place of birth, whereas in women, the variables associated with hypertension were age, nutritional status, and type of alcoholic beverage.
This cross-sectional population-based study in 2007 focused on prevalence of food insecurity and associated factors in households with adolescents in four towns in the Legal Amazonia located along highway BR-163, from Cuiabá, Mato Grosso State, to Santarém, Pará State, Brazil. The study applied the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale to a sample of 363 households. Anthropometric assessment was performed on 534 adolescents from 10 to 19 years of age. A Poisson model was used in the multiple regression analysis. The results showed 23.1% prevalence of moderate to severe food insecurity, suggesting association with the following: low income, poor sanitation, head of household born in Mato Grosso State, and the adolescent's race (black). The results emphasize the need for improved access to basic sanitation, training of human resources to generate employment/income, and educational activities to improve understanding of food insecurity and its determinants.
Objectives:To assess the quality of life (QV) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (DII), and relate it to demographic data and morbidity. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 103 patients with DII, registered in the high cost pharmacy of Cuiabá -Mato Grosso, who responded to the Standard Medical Record, the general QV questionnaire SF-36 and the specific IBDQ. Results: Among 103 patients with DII, 62 had ulcerative colitis and 41 had Crohn's disease; 62% were women; 69.9% were married; 48.5% were of mixed race; 49.5% were smokers; 37.9% required surgery; and, 40.8% had active disease. We observed significant changes in QV in men, smokers and those with active disease. Conclusion: DII affect QV in several respects. Measures for maintenance of QV, psychological, social and education support should be considered for patients with DII. Keywords: Inflammatory bowel disease; Crohn's disease; Ulcerative colitis; Colitis; Quality of life RESUMOObjetivos: Avaliar a qualidade de vida (QV) de portadores de doenças inflamatórias intestinais (DII) e relacionar dados sociodemográficos e mórbidos à QV. Métodos: Estudo transversal, realizado com 103 portadores de DII, cadastrados na farmácia de alto custo de Cuiabá -Mato Grosso que responderam ao Prontuário-Padrão, ao questionário de QV geral SF36 e ao específico IBDQ. Resultados: Dentre os 103 pacientes com DII, 62 tinham retocolite ulcerativa idiopática e 41 doença de Crohn; 62% eram mulheres; 69,9%, casados; 48,5%, pardos; 49,5%, fumantes, 37,9% necessitaram de cirurgia e 40,8% apresentavam doença em atividade. Foi observada alteração significativa da QV em homens, fumantes e entre aqueles com doença em atividade. Conclusão: DII afetam a QV em diversos aspectos. Medidas para manutenção da QV, suporte psicológico, social e educacional devem ser considerados para portadores de DII. Descritores: Doença inflamatória intestinal; Doença de Crohn; Retocolite ulcerativa; Colite; Qualidade de vida RESUMEN Objetivos: Evaluar la calidad de vida (CV) de portadores de enfermedades inflamatorias intestinales (EII) y relacionar datos sociodemográficos y mórbidos a la CV. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio transversal, realizado con 103 portadores de EII, registrados en la farmacia de alto costo de Cuiabá -Mato Grosso que respondieron a la Historia Clínica-Patrón, al cuestionario de CV general SF36 y al específico IBDQ. Resultados: De los 103 pacientes con EII, 62 tenían rectocolitis ulcerosa idiopática y 41 enfermedad de Crohn; 62% eran mujeres; 69,9%, casados; 48,5%, pardos; 49,5%, fumadores, 37,9% necesitaron de cirugía y 40,8% presentaban la enfermedad en actividad. Fue observada una alteración significativa de la CV en hombres, fumadores y en aquellos con la enfermedad en actividad. Conclusión: Las EII afectan la CV en diversos aspectos. Para la manutención de la CV, deben ser considerados el soporte psicológico, social y educacional de los portadores de EII. Descriptores: Enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal; Enfermedad de Crohn; Colite ulcerosa; Colite; Calidad de vida
"Ethnobotanical survey of plants popularly used as anti-ulcer and antiinflammatory in Pirizal, Nossa Senhora do Livramento, MT, Brazil". An ethnobotanical survey was conduced to study the vegetal species from Pantanal, in the district of Pirizal-MT, popularly used as anti-inflammatory and anti-ulcer. Ethnobotanical data were collected through open interviews and ethnopharmacology questionnaire with 38 local informers, in the age group of 25 to 75 years old. The local name, the part normally used, the mode of preparation and the administration route were asked to them. A bibliographic review of the plants most cited in the study was carried out using the conventional databases. A total of 49 species were cited belonging to 47 genera and 32 families, with emphasizing the Fabaceae family. The plants most cited were Lafoensia pacari St. Hil (9.2%), Hyptis crenata Pohl (8.8%), Hyptis suaveolensStrychnos pseudoquina St.Hil (4.2%) and Vatairea macrocarpa (Benth.) Ducke (3.3%). The part of the plant most cited was the leaf (57.1%), the most used administration route in the treatment of ulcers was oral (100%), in the form of teas (75%), while in the inflammations, topical baths were preferentially used (60%). The literature review indicated the need for further chemicalpharmacological studies on Vatairea macrocarpa (Benth.) Ducke and Hyptis crenata Pohl.
Introduction: Cancer is a disease of high incidence among children and the patients need a caregiver during the treatment. Aim: to evaluate: the burden of care and quality of life (QOL) of caregivers of children/adolescents with cancer during chemotherapy treatment and relate them to each other and to the socio-demographic data and the presence and degree of signs of depression, Method: It is a cross-sectional study, with 32 caregivers. Socio-demographic, care burden (Caregiver Burden Scale) and QOL data (SF-36) were collected. Results: 87.5% of the caregivers were mothers, total score of burden 1.92±0.09 and most compromised score of the SF-36: emotional aspects (59.3), vitality (60.0), pain (60.9). There was a significant correlation between burden and mental health and vitality. Conclusion: Caregivers presented care burden and compromised aspects of QOL and possibly need interventions that will promote social and emotional wellbeing to reduce the burden, improve the quality of life QOL and consequently deliver better care. Cuidando del niño con cáncer: evaluación de la sobrecarga y calidad de vida de los cuidadoresEl cáncer es una enfermedad de alta incidencia entre niños, los que necesitan de un cuidador durante el tratamiento. Se tuvo por objetivo evaluar la sobrecarga de cuidado y la calidad de vida (CV) de los cuidadores de niños/adolescentes portadores de cáncer durante el tratamiento quimioterápico, y relacionarlas entre sí y a los datos sociodemográficos, y a la presencia y grado de señales de depresión. Se trata de un estudio transversal, con 32 cuidadores. Fueron recolectados datos sociodemográficos, sobrecarga de cuidado (Caregiver Burden Scale) y de CV a través del SF-36. El 87,5% de los cuidadores eran madres, la edad promedio fue 35 años, el puntaje general de sobrecarga fue 1,92±0,09 y los puntajes del SF-36 más comprometidos fueron: aspectos emocionales (59,3), vitalidad (60,0) y dolor (60,9). Se encontró correlación significativa entre sobrecarga, salud mental y vitalidad. Concluimos que los cuidadores presentaron sobrecarga de cuidado y aspectos de CV comprometidos y posiblemente necesitan de intervenciones que promuevan el bienestar físico, el social y el emocional, para disminuir la sobrecarga y mejorar la CV, y así consecuentemente mejorar la asistencia.
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