Objetivo: identificar a atuação ética do enfermeiro frente aos erros de medicação. Pesquisa qualitativa, descritiva, exploratória e de campo. Realizou-se entrevista semiestruturada com 10 enfermeiros. A análise dos dados foi realizada a partir da análise de conteúdo. Resultados: a atuação ética do enfermeiro frente aos erros de medicação inclui a tomada de decisão em relação às intercorrências com o paciente; ações educativas com a equipe de enfermagem; registro do erro e aplicação de penalidades.Conclusão: considera-se imprescindível a educação permanente dos profissionais para a prevenção e redução de erros de medicamentos, possibilitando a segurança do paciente e qualificação do serviço.Descritores: Ética, Erros de medicação, Segurança do paciente, Enfermagem.
ETHICAL ROLE NURSES FACE WITH MEDICATION ERRORSObjective: to identify the work ethics of nurse facing medication errors. Qualitative, descriptive, exploratory field research.Semi-structured interview was held with 10 nurses. Data analysis was carried out from the analysis of content. Results: the ethic of the nurse facing medication errors include decision-making in relation to complications with the patient; educational activities with the nursing staff; error log and the application of penalties. Conclusion: it is considered vital the permanent education of professionals for the prevention and reduction of medication errors, patient safety and service qualification.Descriptors: Ethics, Medication errors, Patient safety, Nursing.
ENFERMERÍA ÉTICA FRENTE A LOS ERRORES DE MEDICACIÓNObjetivo: identificar la ética de trabajo de la enfermera frente a errores de medicación. Investigación cualitativa, descriptiva, exploratoria y campo. Entrevista semiestructurada se realizó con 10 enfermeras. Análisis de datos se llevó a cabo a partir del análisis de contenido. Resultados: la ética de la enfermera frente a errores de medicación incluyen la toma de decisiones en relación con las complicaciones con el paciente; actividades educativas con el personal de enfermería; registro de errores y la aplicación de sanciones. Conclusión: se considera imprencíndivel la formación permanente de profesionales para la prevención y reducción de errores de medicación, seguridad del paciente y calificación de servicio.Descriptores: Ética, Errores de Medicación, Seguridad del Paciente, Enfermería.
Preconception and prenatal exposure to environmental contaminants may affect future health. Pregnancy and early life are critical sensitive windows of susceptibility. The aim of this review was to summarize current evidence on the toxic effects of environment exposure during pregnancy, the neonatal period, and childhood. Alcohol use is related to foetal alcohol spectrum disorders, foetal alcohol syndrome being its most extreme form. Smoking is associated with placental abnormalities, preterm birth, stillbirth, or impaired growth and development, as well as with intellectual impairment, obesity, and cardiovascular diseases later in life. Negative birth outcomes have been linked to the use of drugs of abuse. Pregnant and lactating women are exposed to endocrine-disrupting chemicals and heavy metals present in foodstuffs, which may alter hormones in the body. Prenatal exposure to these compounds has been associated with pre-eclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction, preterm birth, and thyroid function. Metals can accumulate in the placenta, causing foetal growth restriction. Evidence on the effects of air pollutants on pregnancy is constantly growing, for example, preterm birth, foetal growth restriction, increased uterine vascular resistance, impaired placental vascularization, increased gestational diabetes, and reduced telomere length. The advantages of breastfeeding outweigh any risks from contaminants. However, it is important to assess health outcomes of toxic exposures via breastfeeding. Initial studies suggest an association between pre-eclampsia and environmental noise, particularly with early-onset pre-eclampsia. There is rising evidence of the negative effects of environmental contaminants following exposure during pregnancy and breastfeeding, which should be considered a major public health issue.
Objective: to identify aspects that generate satisfaction and dissatisfaction among Family Health Strategy professionals working in the city of Cocal do Sul, SC. Methods: a qualitative study, conducted with 15 health professionals of three Family Health Strategy agencies. Data analysis was performed based on content analysis, supported by Atlas.ti software. Results: the results were structured from two macro categories, composed of five subcategories, which added 194 excerpts from 23 codes. The aspects related to satisfaction of the Family Health Strategy professionals were grouped into three subcategories, namely: satisfaction in the identification with the staff and work; satisfaction based on relationships with patients; and, structural work conditions and satisfaction. Within health professional dissatisfaction, two subcategories were created: dissatisfaction related to aspects of health management and the relationship between staff and patients, as promoters of dissatisfaction. Conclusion: the factors contributing to satisfaction and dissatisfaction are associated with working conditions and the work relationships established in professional practice.
Este artigo objetiva analisar de que forma os migrantes italianos que rumaram para a região central do estado do Rio Grande do Sul 1 nas últimas três décadas do século XIX conduziram o processo colonizador, e com quais categorias sociais estabeleceram as relações entre si e com a sociedade local e nacional. Para tal, farei uso de memórias escritas por dois desses migrantes e traduzidas para publicação por seus descendentes: Julio Lorenzoni 2
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