Objectives:to evaluate and classify patients according to the Risk Assessment Scale for Perioperative Pressure Injuries; verify the association between sociodemographic and clinical variables and the risk score; and identify the occurrence of pressure injuries due to surgical positioning. Method:observational, longitudinal, prospective and quantitative study carried out in a teaching hospital with 278 patients submitted to elective surgeries. A sociodemographic and clinical characterization questionnaire and the Risk Assessment Scale for Perioperative Pressure Injuries were used. Descriptive, bivariate and logistic regression analyses were applied. Results:the majority of patients (56.5%) presented a high risk for perioperative pressure injury. Female sex, elderly group, and altered body mass index values were statistically significant (p < 0.05) for a higher risk of pressure injuries. In 77% of the patients, there were perioperative pressure injuries. Conclusion:most of the participants presented a high risk for development of perioperative decubitus ulcers. The female sex, elderly group, and altered body mass index were significant factors for increased risk. The Risk Assessment Scale for Perioperative Pressure Injuries allows the early identification of risk of injury, subsidizing the adoption of preventive strategies to ensure the quality of perioperative care.
Resumo OBJETIVO Avaliar a percepção do clima de segurança do paciente pelos profissionais de saúde a partir do Questionário de Atitudes de Segurança e investigar a associação entre os escores e variáveis sociodemográficas e profissionais. MÉTODO Estudo quantitativo realizado com 198 profissionais de saúde de hospital filantrópico de Minas Gerais, entre março e junho de 2017. Utilizou-se instrumento com variáveis sociodemográficas e profissionais e Questionário de Atitudes de Segurança. Realizou-se análise estatística com teste t de Student, correlação de Pearson, Anova e regressão linear múltipla. RESULTADOS Profissionais apresentaram percepção negativa quanto ao clima de segurança do paciente (69,5). Domínio Satisfação no Trabalho obteve maior pontuação (81,98), enquanto Percepção da gerência a pior (62,15). Médicos (p=0,005), homens e profissionais de nível superior (p<0,001) apresentaram melhor percepção de segurança. CONCLUSÃO Identificação de variáveis preditoras é importante ferramenta para implementação de uma cultura de segurança, favorecendo qualidade da assistência e redução de eventos adversos.
Objective to evaluate the effect of relaxation therapy with guided imagery on state
anxiety and cortisol in the immediate preoperative period in patients
submitted to bariatric surgery by videolaparoscopy.Method a randomized, triple-blind clinical trial in a large teaching hospital in
the interior of Minas Gerais. Twenty-four patients who would undergo
video-laparoscopic bariatric surgery were randomly allocated in two groups,
namely 12 in the control group and 12 in the experimental group. State
anxiety was assessed by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and blood
cortisol levels were measured before and after the intervention or standard
care. Descriptive analyzes were used for the quantitative variables and
Student’s t-test for independent samples, in the analysis of the differences
between the state anxiety scores and cortisol levels.Results the experimental group presented a statistically significant reduction of
the state anxiety scores (p = 0.005) as well as of cortisol levels (p
<0.001) after the intervention.Conclusion guided imagery relaxation therapy is an effective nursing intervention for
the reduction of state anxiety and blood cortisol levels in the preoperative
period in patients undergoing video-laparoscopic bariatric surgery.
Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials: .
Objective: To analyze the available evidence in the literature on nursing care for women with pre-eclampsia and/or eclampsia. Methods: Integrative review searching for primary studies in the databases PubMed, CINAHL, LILACS and SciELO. Results: The sample size consisted of 17 primary studies published between January 2000 and December 2014, grouped into four categories: standardizing blood pressure measurement technique; training with simulation; instruments for standardization of care and quality of care The main nursing actions were: physical examination, early detection of signs of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, monitoring of laboratory tests, fetal assessment, qualification and training of professionals. We identified the need for standardization of care from instruments, protocols and blood pressure measurement technique, early identification and treatment of hypertensive crisis through institutional protocols and review of cases and work processes. Conclusion: Women with pre-eclampsia and/or eclampsia require specific nursing care, which must be guided by care protocols based on scientific evidence.
Este estudo teve por objetivo analisar a preferência e a satisfação das mulheres com o tipo de parto e a associação com as características sociodemográficas e obstétricas. Estudo transversal, realizado em três etapas, com amostra de 190 puérperas. Os resultados mostraram que 68,9% desejavam parto normal e 31,1% cesárea. Foram associadas à preferência pelo parto normal: primeira gestação (p=0,042) e experiência anterior de parto normal (p<0,001); entre as mulheres que tiveram cesárea prévia a preferência prevaleceu por esta (p<0,001). Não foram evidenciadas diferenças estatísticas associadas a outras variáveis, bem como, a satisfação das puérperas. A regressão logística binária indicou associação entre experiência prévia e expectativa por tipo de parto. A experiência com parto anterior influenciou na preferência pelo tipo de parto, entretanto, não houve diferenças na satisfação das puérperas, independente se o desfecho correspondeu a expectativa.
Objective: to examine the relationship between working context and quality of life of nursing professionals of the FamilyHealth Strategy. Methods: observational, cross-sectional study with quantitative approach accomplished with 50 nursingprofessionals from urban and rural areas. Participants answered a questionnaire of socio-demographic and professionalcharacterization, the Work Context Assessment Scale and WHOQOL-brief. Data were submitted to exploratory and bivariateanalysis. Results: predominance of women, married, belonging to economic classes C/D and with only one employmentbond. The factor Work Organization and the Social domain had higher mean scores, while Socio-professional relations andthe Environmental domain, lower scores. Descriptively, there was a negative correlation between all the factors of the workcontext and the Physical, Psychological and Social domains. Conclusion: inadequate conditions to work practice, lack oforganization and the difficulty in social relationships negatively impact the quality of life of nursing professionals.
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