16.9 km 2 is the main island (Lopes and Ulbrich, 2015), and the remaining area is distributed among 20 smaller islands, of which Rata Island is the largest with 0.8 km 2. The archipelago has suffered major ecological disturbances due to several human interventions. In 1737, fortifications were built, and the archipelago was transformed into a penal colony for almost 200 years. During this period, a large part of the native vegetation was devastated while exotic plants and animals were introduced to serve as food (Teixeira et al., 2003; Serafini et al., 2010). The human population in the archipelago increased significantly in 1942 through military occupation (i.e., World War II). Afterwards, significant changes were observed in the archipelago due to: • Several insecticide applications campaigns (i.e., DDT) for mosquito-control; • Wild animal introductions, such as the Teju lizard (Salvator merianae Duméril & Bibron) and the Mocó cavy (Kerodon rupestris Wied-Neuwied); • Release of birds seized in trade fairs and public markets of Recife (i.e., Saffron finch (Sicalis flaveola (Linnaeus)), House Sparrow (Passer domesticus (Linnaeus)), and the White-bellied seedeater (Sporophila leucoptera (Vieillot));
A survey of the Cerambycinae species recorded in the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, is presented. The data were based on literature, field work and in the collection of the Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Two hundred ninety three species of Cerambycinae are registered, and this represents about 28% of the species that occur in the Atlantic Rainforest. Nineteen new distribution records are registered. Ninety nine species are illustrated. A comparative table showing the respective number of genera and species of Cerambycinae that occur in the Neotropical Region, Atlantic Rainforest and Parque Nacional do Itatiaia is given.
A new species of Hemilophini, Adesmus lauropalui sp. nov. and a list of species of Cerambycidae from the Reserva Particular de Patrimonio Natural (RPPN) Sanctuary of Caraça are presented. The data are based on fieldwork and the MNRJ collection. Two hundred fifty-four species of Cerambycidae are recorded, of which 158 are new distribution records.
A generic-level phylogenetic analysis of the tribe Torneutini Thomson, 1860 is presented based on 72 morphological characters for 39 terminal taxa of which, 31 are representatives of the Torneutini genera. The outgroup includes eight representatives from other tribes. A hypothesis of monophyly for supertribe Trachyderoinia Dupont, 1836 (sensu Fragoso, Monné and Seabra 1987) is presented for the first time. Torneutini, as currently recognized, was shown to be paraphyletic. In order to eliminate this condition, Bothriospilina Lane, 1950 is raised herein to tribe level. Torneutini, as herein defined, comprises the following genera in parenthetic notation: (Macellidiopygus (Psygmatocerus (Gigantotrichoderes (Spathopygus + Coccoderus) (Gnathopraxithea + Praxithea) (Torneutopsis (Torneucerus + Diploschema) (Torneutes (Dragomiris + Dragoneutes) (Thaumasus + Xenambyx)))))). The maintenance of Macellidiopygus in Torneutini needs further investigating. Bothriospilini Lane, 1950, new status, includes in parenthetic notation: ((Ranqueles + Scapanopygus) (Taygayba (Delemodacrys (Bothriospila + Timbaraba))) (Gnaphalodes (Knulliana + Chlorida)))). The position of Chrotoma is still no certain, and it is tentatively included in Bothriospilini. The results indicate that Bothriospilini is closely related to Trachyderini, Pyrestini and Basipterini. A phylogenetic classification of Trachyderoinia at tribe level, and of Torneutini and Bothriospilini at genus level, is proposed.
Seis novas espécies são descritas em Acanthocinini: Alcidion inornatum sp. nov. da Colômbia, Baryssinus giesberti sp. nov. do Panamá e quatro do Brasil, Baryssinus mimus sp. nov. (Rio de Janeiro), Carphina melanura sp. nov. (Mato Grosso), Lophopoenopsis albosparsus sp. nov. (Bahia, Espírito Santo) e Pseudolepturges caesius sp. nov. (Rondônia, Pará).
RESUMO É apresentado um levantamento das espécies de Cerambycidae, Disteniidae e Vesperidae que ocorrem no estado do Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Os dados foram baseados na literatura e no acervo da coleção do Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. São registradas 229 espécies de Cerambycidae, distribuídas em cinco subfamílias. São registradas duas espécies de Disteniidae e duas de Vesperidae.
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