Using a finite-element scheme based on a damage model, a numerical system is developed to predict cracks in reinforced concrete beams due to corrosion expansion. The numerical results show that the width of such cracks is affected considerably by (i) the shape of the reinforcing bar, (ii) the presence of stirrups, and (iii) the number of main reinforcement bars. Specimens of reinforced concrete beams are fabricated to simulate those used in the analysis, and we determine how the crack width is related to the amount of the reinforcing bar corrosion through electrolytic corrosion experiments. The experimental results are used to assess the validity of the numerical ones, and the latter are considered to reproduce the former.
The corrosion of the internal steel bars of reinforced concrete structures is still a maintenance problem. This study aims to detect corrosion cracks in covered concrete by DIC. We proposed a new test specimen and method of electrolytic corrosion testing suitable for tracking corrosion cracks by DIC (Digital Image Correlation Analysis), and succeeded in understanding the crack initiation behavior of single and double bar specimens.
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