-Headache as a chief complaint is rare in the paediatric emergency room.Actually, very seldom cases secondary to life threatening conditions as non-traumatic subarachnoid haemorrhage have been reported. A child with severe headache and nuchal rigidity and no other abnormalities on the physical examination is reported. Magnetic resonance angiography and cerebral angiography disclosed a ventricular arteriovenous malformation in the choroid plexus, supplied by the anterior choroidal artery, classified according to Spetzler grading system as grade 3 (deep venous drainage: 1; eloquence area: 0 and size: 2).The differences in the clinical presentations of the central nervous system arteriovenous malformation between children and adults are discussed.KEY WORDS: secondary headache in children, arteriovenous malformation of the brain, pediatric stroke. Hemorragia cerebral secundária a malformação artério-venosa ventricular: uma causa rara de cefaléia na infân-cia. Relato de casoRESUMO -Cefaléia como queixa principal raramente ocorre num serviço de emergência pediátrica. Quando isso acontece, casos de cefaléia secundária que trazem risco de vida, tais como a hemorragia subaracnóide são raramente relatados. Apresentamos o caso de uma criança que apresentou cefaléia de forte intensidade associada a rigidez de nuca, sem outras anormalidades no exame físico. A angioressonância e angiografia digital evidenciaram malformação arteriovenosa na topografia do plexo coróide do ventrículo lateral direito, nutrida pela artéria coroidéia anterior, grau III na classificação de Spetzler (drenagem venosa profunda: 1; área de eloqüência: 0 e tamanho: 2). Nós discutimos as diferenças na apresentação clínica das malformações arteriovenosas encefálicas nas crianças e adultos. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: cefaléia secundária, malformação arteriovenosa do encéfalo, malformação arteriovenosa ventricular.A headache due to a hemorrhagic stroke is a life-threatening clinical condition rarely seen in a paediatric emergency department 1,2 .When it occurs, an arteriovenous malformation should be ruled out. The arteriovenous malformation of the brain (AVM) accounts for 30% to 50% of such hemorrhagic strokes in children  and it has been associated with a 25% mortality rate 7 . On the other hand, the ventricular location is found in only 4% of the AVM in childhood 8 ; and in 1,3% of the adult's AVM 9 . We report a child with a history of sudden headache secondary to a bleeding of a ventricular arteriovenous malformation. CASEA 9-year-old previously healthy girl was admitted to the Emergency Room with an eight-hour history of sudden onset of severe headache. The pain was pulsatile and bilateral and not accompanied by other symptoms. There is no history of migraine, epilepsy or stroke. Parents reported that soon after the onset of the headache the patient
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.
334 Leonard St
Brooklyn, NY 11211
Copyright © 2023 scite Inc. All rights reserved.
Made with 💙 for researchers