37Publications

1,613Citation Statements Received

2,505Citation Statements Given

How they've been cited

999

45

1,566

2

How they cite others

1,427

47

2,458

0

Publications

Order By: Most citations

This paper presents an improvement of the J-linkage algorithm for fitting multiple instances of a model to noisy data corrupted by outliers. The binary preference analysis implemented by J-linkage is replaced by a continuous (soft, or fuzzy) generalization that proves to perform better than J-linkage on simulated data, and compares favorably with state of the art methods on public domain real datasets.

We apply adjoint-based sensitivity analysis to a time-delayed thermo-acoustic system: a Rijke tube containing a hot wire. We calculate how the growth rate and frequency of small oscillations about a base state are affected either by a generic passive control element in the system (the structural sensitivity analysis) or by a generic change to its base state (the base-state sensitivity analysis). We illustrate the structural sensitivity by calculating the effect of a second hot wire with a small heat release parameter. In a single calculation, this shows how the second hot wire changes the growth rate and frequency of the small oscillations, as a function of its position in the tube. We then examine the components of the structural sensitivity in order to determine the passive control mechanism that has the strongest influence on the growth rate. We find that a force applied to the acoustic momentum equation in the opposite direction to the instantaneous velocity is the most stabilizing feedback mechanism. We also find that its effect is maximized when it is placed at the downstream end of the tube. This feedback mechanism could be supplied, for example, by an adiabatic mesh. We illustrate the base-state sensitivity by calculating the effects of small variations in the damping factor, the heat-release timedelay coefficient, the heat-release parameter, and the hot wire location. The successful application of sensitivity analysis to thermo-acoustics opens up new possibilities for the passive control of thermo-acoustic oscillations by providing gradient information that can be combined with constrained optimization algorithms in order to reduce linear growth rates.

Geometric multi-model fitting aims at extracting parametric models from unstructured data in order to organize and aggregate visual content in suitable higher-level geometric structures. This ubiquitous task can be encountered in many Computer Vision applications, for example in 3D reconstruction, in the processing of 3D point clouds, in face clustering, in body-pose estimation or video motion segmentation, just to name a few.In practice, it is necessary to overcome the "chicken-&-egg dilemma" inherent to this problem: in order to estimate models one needs to first segment the data, but in order to segment the data it is necessary to know the models associated with each data point. The presence of multiple structures hinders robust estimation, which has to cope with both gross outliers and pseudo-outliers. Two somehow orthogonal strategies have been proposed in the literature in order to adress this challenging problem: consensus analysis and preference analysis. Consensus based methods, building on the RANSAC paradigm, instantiate a pool of tentative models and extract the strucutures that have maximal consensus. Preference oriented algorithms [2,3] instead tackle this problem by the data point of view. Residuals between point and putative models are used in order to build a conceptual space in which points are portrayed by their preferences with respect to the instantiated strucures, The multi model fitting problem is then solved by clustering points in this preference space.The method we present reduces the multi-model fitting task to many easier single robust model estimation problems, by combining preference analysis and robust low rank approximation. Three main step can be single out in our appraoch. At first data points are shifted in a conceptual space, where they are framed as a preference matrix Φ as shown in Fig model points preferences, in this way a first protection against outlier is achieved. The preference space is then equipped with a kernel, based on the Tanimoto distance, in this way an affinity matrix K, which measures the agreement between the preferences of points, is derived. The second step is devoted to robustly segment points explointing the information encapsulated in K. This stage can be thought as a sort of "robust spectral clustering". It is well known that spectral clustering produces accurate segmentations in two steps: at first data are projected on the space of the first eigenvectors of the Laplacian matrix and then k-means is applied. The shortcoming of spectral clustering however is that it is not robust to outliers. We propose to follow the same scheme enforcing robustness exploiting the low rank nature of the problem. As pictorially illustrated in Fig. 2, we decompose the affinity matrix asThe matrix S models the sparse preferences expressed by outliers, and is obtained by appling Robust PCA, which replaces the eigen-decomposition Finally, models are extracted inspecting the product of the preference matrix with a thresholded U, mimicking the MSAC strategy. The use of robust...

The generation of indirect combustion noise by compositional inhomogeneities is examined theoretically. For this, the compact nozzle theory of~\cite{MARBLE_CANDEL_JSV1977} is extended to a multi-component gas mixture, and the chemical potential function is introduced as an additional acoustic source mechanism. Transfer functions for subcritical and supercritical nozzle flows are derived and the contribution of compositional noise is compared to entropy noise and direct noise by considering an idealized nozzle downstream of the combustor exit. It is shown that compositional noise is dependent on the local mixture composition and can exceed entropy noise for fuel-lean conditions and supercritical nozzle flows. This suggests that the compositional indirect noise requires potential consideration with the implementation of low-emission combustors.Comment: 11 pages, 3 figure

In an acoustic cavity with a heat source, such as a flame in a gas turbine, the thermal energy of the heat source can be converted into acoustic energy, which may generate a loud oscillation. If uncontrolled, these nonlinear acoustic oscillations, also known as thermoacoustic instabilities, can cause large vibrations up to structural failure. Numerical and experimental studies showed that thermoacoustic oscillations can be chaotic. It is not yet known, however, how to minimise such chaotic oscillations. We propose a strategy to analyse and minimise chaotic acoustic oscillations, for which traditional stability and sensitivity methods break down. We investigate the acoustics of a nonlinear heat source in an acoustic resonator. First, we propose covariant Lyapunov analysis as a tool to calculate the stability of chaotic acoustics making connections with eigenvalue and Floquet analyses. We show that covariant Lyapunov analysis is the most general flow stability tool. Second, covariant Lyapunov vector analysis is applied to a chaotic system. The time-averaged acoustic energy is investigated by varying the heat-source parameters. Thermoacoustic systems can display both hyperbolic and non-hyperbolic chaos, as well as discontinuities in the time-averaged acoustic energy. Third, we embed sensitivities of the time-averaged acoustic energy in an optimisation routine. This procedure achieves a significant reduction in acoustic energy and identifies the bifurcations to chaos.The analysis and methods proposed enable the reduction of chaotic oscillations in thermoacoustic systems by optimal passive control. The techniques presented can be used in other unsteady fluid dynamics problems with virtually no modification.

This paper deals with the extraction of multiple models from noisy or outlier-contaminated data. We cast the multi-model fitting problem in terms of set coverage, deriving a simple and effective method that generalizes Ransac to multiple models and deals with intersecting structures and outliers in a straightforward and principled manner, while avoiding the typical shortcomings of sequential approaches and those of clustering. The method compares favorably against the state-of-the-art on simulated and publicly available real data-sets

This paper deals with the rotation synchronization problem, which arises in global registration of 3D point-sets and in structure from motion. The problem is formulated in an unprecedented way as a "low-rank and sparse" matrix decomposition that handles both outliers and missing data. A minimization strategy, dubbed R-GoDec, is also proposed and evaluated experimentally against state-of-the-art algorithms on simulated and real data. The results show that R-GoDec is the fastest among the robust algorithms. of structure from motion, or local coordinates where 3D points are represented, in which case we are dealing with a 3D point-set registration problem.More abstractly, the goal of the group synchronization problem [1, 2] is to recover elements of a group from noisy measures of their ratios. In our case, absolute angular attitudes R 1 , . . . , R n are elements of the Special Orthogonal Group SO (3), and relative attitudes R ij = R i R T j are their ratios. The same problem is analysed in depth in [3], under the name "multiple rotation averaging". Our solution to the rotation synchronization problem is inspired by recent advances in the fields of robust principal component analysis and matrix completion. The main and original contribution of this paper is the formulation of the rotation synchronization problem as a "low-rank and sparse matrix decomposition", by conceiving a novel cost function that naturally includes missing data and outliers in its definition. Secondly, we develop a minimization scheme for that cost function -called R-GoDec -that leverages on the GoDec algorithm [4]. The resulting method is robust, by construction, fast, thanks to the use of Bilateral Random Projections (BRP) in place of Singular Value Decomposition (SVD), and compact, as it consist of a single fixed point iteration that can be coded in a few lines of MATLAB. Most of all, the framework is modular, as -in principle -any low-rank and sparse decomposition method able to deal with outliers and missing data can replace R-GoDec.This paper is organized as follows. Applications of the rotation synchronization problem are presented in Section 2 while existing solutions are described in Section 3. Section 4 is an overview of the theoretical background required to define our algorithm, i.e. lowrank and sparse matrix decomposition. Section 5 defines the rotation synchronization problem. Section 6 provides a detailed description of our robust solution. The method proposed in this section is supported by experimental results on both synthetic and real data, shown in Section 7. The conclusions are presented in Section 8. This paper is an extended version of [5].

A one-dimensional, unsteady nozzle flow is modelled to identify the sources of indirect noise in multicomponent gases. First, from non-equilibrium thermodynamics relations, it is shown that a compositional inhomogeneity advected in an accelerating flow is a source of sound induced by inhomogeneities in the mixture (i) chemical potentials and (ii) specific heat capacities. Second, it is shown that the acoustic, entropy and compositional linear perturbations evolve independently from each other and they become coupled through mean-flow gradients and/or at the boundaries. Third, the equations are cast in invariant formulation and a mathematical solution is found by asymptotic expansion of path-ordered integrals with an infinite radius of convergence. Finally, the transfer functions are calculated for a supersonic nozzle with finite spatial extent perturbed by a methane-air compositional inhomogeneity. The proposed framework will help identify and quantify the sources of sound in nozzles with relevance, for example, to aeronautical gas turbines.

scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.

hi@scite.ai

334 Leonard St

Brooklyn, NY 11211

Copyright © 2023 scite Inc. All rights reserved.

Made with 💙 for researchers