It should be kept in mind that results of centers of excellence and of phase-III studies with their positively selected patient populations are not representative for all the patients with rectal cancer and physicians treating them.
Neoadjuvant proton beam irradiation may help to prevent local recurrence after transscleral resection. Additional vitreoretinal surgery was frequently needed in the presented series. The majority of patients avoided enucleation and functional blindness.
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