The paper is proposed total operation of a power conversion system for a Hybrid ESS. The system is formed with a photovoltaic energy system, ESS and system PCS to supply stable power. The conversion system utilized in the photovoltaic and ESS is formed with a parallel module in consideration of system characteristics. The paper describes the control method applied in the power conversion system and establishes the operation mode.
This paper investigates the operation of each power conversion system (PCS) for efficient energy management systems (EMSs) of microgrids (MGs). When MGs are linked to renewable energy sources (RESs), the reduction in power conversion efficiency can be minimized. Furthermore, energy storage systems (ESSs) are utilized to manage the surplus power of RESs. Thus, the present work presents a method to minimize the use of the existing power grid and increase the utilization rate of energy generated through RESs. To minimize the use of the existing power grid, a PCS operation method for photovoltaics (PV) and ESS used in MGs is proposed. PV, when it is directly connected as an intermittent energy source, induces voltage fluctuations in the distribution network. Thus, to overcome this shortcoming, this paper utilizes a system that connects PV and a distributed energy storage system (DESS). A PV-DESS integrated module is designed and controlled for tracking constant power. In addition, the DESS serves to compensate for the insufficient power generation of PV. The main energy storage systems (MESSs) used in MGs affect all aspects of the power management in the system. Because MGs perform their operations based on the capacity of the MESS, a PCS designed with a large capacity is utilized to stably operate the system. Because the MESS performs energy management through operations under various load conditions, it must have constant efficiency under all load conditions. Therefore, this paper proposes a PCS operation algorithm with constant efficiency for the MESS. Utilizing the operation algorithm of each PCS, this paper describes the efficient energy management of the MG and further proposes an algorithm for operating the existing power grid at the minimum level.
This paper proposes a phase current compensation method for a 3-Level NPC Dual Battery Pack charge/ discharge system. In this system, a DC link imbalance could cause distortion in the space vector diagram, which would cause distortion in the NPC phase current. The proposed compensation method eliminates this distortion. In this paper, the compensation method is proposed and verified by simulation.
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