Currently, big data is a new and hot object of research. In particular, the development of the Internet of things (IoT) results in a sharp increase in data. Enormous amounts of networking sensors are constantly collecting and transmitting data for storage and processing in the cloud including remote sensing data, environmental data, geographical data, etc. Road information extraction from remote sensing data is mainly researched in this paper. Roads are typical man-made objects. Extracting roads from remote sensing imagery has great significance in various applications such as GIS data updating, urban planning, navigation, and military. In this paper a multistage and multifeature method to extract roads and detect road intersections from high-resolution remotely sensed imagery based on tensor voting is presented. Firstly, the input remote sensing image is segmented into two groups including road candidate regions and nonroad regions using template matching; then we can obtain preliminary road map. Secondly, nonroad regions are removed by geometric characteristics of road (large area and long strip). Thirdly, tensor voting is used to overcome the broken roads and discontinuities caused by the different disturbing factors and then delete the nonroad areas that are mixed into the road areas due to mis-segmentation, improving the completeness of extracted roads. And then, all the road intersections are extracted by using tensor voting. The experiments are conducted on different remote sensing images to test the effectiveness of our method. The experimental results show that our method can get more complete and accurate extracted results than the state-of-the-art methods.
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