Abstract-In this paper, we propose a self-triggered formulation of Model Predictive Control for continuous-time nonlinear input-affine networked control systems. Our control method specifies not only when to execute control tasks but also provides a way to discretize the optimal control trajectory into several control samples, so that the reduction of communication load will be obtained. Stability analysis under the sample-and-hold implementation is also given, which guarantees that the state converges to a terminal region where the system can be stabilized by a local state feedback controller. Some simulation examples validate our proposed framework.
In this paper, we propose a new aperiodic formulation of model predictive control for nonlinear continuous-time systems. Unlike earlier approaches, we provide event-triggered conditions without using the optimal cost as a Lyapunov function candidate. Instead, we evaluate the time interval when the optimal state trajectory enters a local set around the origin. The obtained event-triggered strategy is more suitable for practical applications than the earlier approaches in two directions. First, it does not include parameters (e.g., Lipschitz constant parameters of stage and terminal costs) which may be a potential source of conservativeness for the event-triggered conditions. Second, the event-triggered conditions are necessary to be checked only at certain sampling time instants, instead of continuously. This leads to the alleviation of the sensing cost and becomes more suitable for practical implementations under a digital platform. The proposed event-triggered scheme is also validated through numerical simulations.
In this study, the authors propose an aperiodic formulation of model predictive control for distributed agents with additive bounded disturbances. In the proposed method, each agent solves an optimal control problem only when certain control performances cannot be guaranteed according to certain triggering rules. This could lead to the reduction of energy consumption and the alleviation of over usage of communication resources. The triggering rules are derived for both event-triggered and self-triggered formulation. The authors proposed method is also verified through a simulation example.
This paper investigates the design of self-triggered controllers for networked control systems (NCSs), where the dynamics of the plant is unknown apriori. To deal with the unknown transition dynamics, we employ the Gaussian process (GP) regression in order to learn the dynamics of the plant. To design the self-triggered controller, we formulate an optimal control problem, such that the optimal pair of the inter-communication time step and control input can be determined based on the GP dynamics of the plant. Moreover, we provide an overall implementation algorithm that jointly learns the dynamics of the plant and the self-triggered controller based on a reinforcement learning framework. Finally, a numerical simulation illustrates the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
In this paper, we investigate novel self-triggered controllers for nonlinear control systems with reachability and safety specifications. To synthesize the self-triggered controller, we leverage the notion of symbolic models, or abstractions, which represent abstracted expressions of control systems. The symbolic models will be constructed through the concepts of approximate alternating simulation relations, based on which, and by employing a reachability game, the self-triggered controller is synthesized. We illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach through numerical simulations.
In this paper, a self-triggered control scheme for constrained discrete-time control systems is presented. The key idea of our approach is to construct a transition system or a graph structure from a collection of polyhedral sets, which are generated based on the notion of set-invariance theory. The interevent time steps are then determined through a standard graph search algorithm to obtain the minimal total cost to a terminal state. The proposed strategy is illustrated through a numerical example.
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