RESUMOObjetivos: Avaliar a freqüência de transtorno da compulsão alimentar periódica (TCAP) e dos principais transtornos psiquiátricos associados à obesidade mórbida em indivíduos à espera de cirurgia bariátrica. To analyze the frequency of binge eating disorder (BED) and of the main psychiatric disorders associated with morbid obesity in individuals on the waiting list for bariatric surgery. Method: Cross sectional study. Interviews with patients from the Surgery for Obesity Program of Oswaldo Cruz University Hospital were conducted evaluating sociodemographic profile, quality of life (SF-36 scale), BED (Binge Eating Scale -BES) and psychiatric disorders (M.I.N.I./DSM-IV). Results: 67 out of 400 patients enrolled in the program were interviewed (16.8%). The BMI varied from 36.1 to 81.8 kg/m 2 (average 48.5 ± 8.8). All have associated diseases, the most frequent being systemic arterial hypertension, sleeping disorders and osteopathies. The most frequent psychiatric disorders were: 47.8% generalized anxiety disorder, 29.9% major depressive disorder, single episode, 34.3% recurrent major depressive disorder. In this group 56.7% showed BED (25.4% moderate and 31.3% severe) and the worse scores in all the domains of quality of life (SF-36 scale). Conclusions: High artigo original
Dementia is a global public health problem and detection in the primary care setting, particularly in developing countries, is challenging. The aim of this research was to produce the cross-cultural validation of the AD8 interview to the Brazilian Portuguese Language. The original version of the AD8 was submitted to translation, back-translation, and application of the questionnaire to 20 elderly informants for face validation. The AD8-Brazil was then evaluated in 109 community-dwelling elderly with a sociodemographic questionnaire, clinical examination, Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Katz Inventory of Activities of Daily Living (ADL), and Clinical Dementia Rating scale (CDR). The AD8-Brazil was compared with the other instruments and with the clinical diagnosis (DSM-IV) for criterion validation. There was significant agreement of AD8-Brazil with diagnosis of dementia (p < 0.001), MMSE (p = 0.047), and ADL (PFisher = 0.004). Also, the AD8-Brazil was able to differentiate the stages of dementia by CDR scale. The reliability was high (alpha = 0.818) and reproducibility analysis showed excellent inter-rater (kappa = 0.889) and test-retest consistency (kappa = 0.814). The AD8-Brazil showed excellent discrimination between CDR 0 and CDR > 0 (area under the curve 86.1%) and between CDR 0 and CDR 0.5 (area under the curve 76.9%). The administration of the questionnaire took 2.3 ± 0.1 minutes. The Brazilian version of the AD8 is a valid, reliable, quick, and easy screening instrument for dementia.
IntroductionAs population ageing becomes a global phenomenon the need to understand the quality of life of older people around the world has become increasingly salient. The CASP-19 is a well established measure of quality of later life. The scale is composed of 19 items which map onto the four domains of control (C), Autonomy (A), Self-Realisation (S) and Pleasure (P). It has already been translated to 12 languages and has been used in a number of national and international studies. However use of the scale outside of Europe has been very limited. The objective of this study was to translate and evaluate the use of the CASP-19 amongst older Brazilians.MethodsThe CASP-19 was translated from English to Portuguese, back-translated and submitted to an analysis of equivalence by a committee of judges. The scale was then administered to a sample of community dwelling older people in Recife, Brazil (n = 87), and tested for psychometric properties. The Control and Pleasure domains exhibited good internal consistency. By removing one item from each of the Autonomy and Self Realisation domains their internal consistency was improved.ResultsThe mean age of the sample was 75.6±0.7 years, subjects were mainly female (52.9%), white (52.9%), who lived without a partner (54%), and had a monthly income varying from USD 340.00 to USD 850.00. Translation and cross-cultural adaptation permitted good understanding and applicability of final version. Psychometric analyses revealed that the removal of two items improved the internal consistency of the Autonomy and Pleasure domains. Confirmatory factor analyses suggest that a 16 item, four factor, model best fits the data.ConclusionIn this small exploratory study the CASP-19 Brazil demonstrated good psychometric properties. It was easy to use for both participants and researchers. Hopefully future studies in Brazil will employ the scale so that more direct cross national comparisons can be made with older people in Europe and the US.
Palavras-chaveSatisfação pessoal, qualidade de vida, escalas de graduação psiquiátrica, adolescentes. resumo objetivo: Revisar criticamente a disponibilidade de instrumentos de satisfação com a vida utilizados para avaliar a qualidade de vida em adolescentes. método: Nesta revisão foram selecionados estudos que utilizavam escalas de satisfação com a vida em adolescentes, exclusivamente. Foram excluídos estudos dirigidos à população em geral, ou que investigassem satisfação na relação com os pais, com cuidadores e com serviços de saúde. Foram consultadas as bases eletrônicas MedLine, Lilacs, PsycINFO, PubMed e Adolec, sendo incluída checagem manual das referências bibliográficas dos artigos selecionados. resultados: Foram encontrados 22 estudos conforme os critérios de inclusão, verificando-se a existência de nove escalas de satisfação com a vida, sendo duas variações (abreviada e versão adolescente) da escala de um mesmo autor. Foi adicionada à seleção uma escala de qualidade de vida que continha avaliações de domínios de satisfação com a vida. conclusão: As validações das principais escalas são descritas, observando-se o reduzido número de estudos transculturais disponíveis. O uso do conceito de qualidade de vida por meio de instrumentos de satisfação com a vida é relativamente novo, e necessita de estudos mais abrangentes no que diz respeito à cultura e às diferentes realidades econômicas.
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.